- Elections in the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic
Elections in the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic gives information on
electionand election results in the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic.
The Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic claims the
Western Sahara, a territory largely administered by Moroccosince Spainabandoned it in 1975. The sovereigntyover Western Sahara is unresolved: the territory is contested by Moroccoand Polisario Front(Popular Front for the Liberation of the Saguia el Hamra and Rio de Oro), which in February 1976 formally proclaimed a government-in-exile of the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic(SADR). The United Nations, which considers Western Sahara a non-decolonized territory, is attempting to hold a referendumon the issue through the mission Minurso. The UN-administered cease-fire has been in effect since September 1991.
Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic(SADR) elects a legislature, the " Sahrawi National Council" (SNC), on a national level. The SNC, which is also referred to as the republic's parliament, has 52 members, elected after the "General Popular Congress" (GPC) of the Polisario Front. The most recent election for the Sahrawi National Council took place between 17 Februaryand 19 February 2008, with Mahfoud Ali Beibabeing reelected Speaker of the Council on 27 February. Elections take place within the framework of the Polisario Front, candidates are elected individually and no political partiesare allowed. The 12th and most recent GPC was held in Tifaritiin the so-called "Free Zone" between 14 Decemberand 21 December 2007. [cite news | title = Closure on Friday of POLISARIO 12th congress in Tifariti | publisher = Sahara Press Service| date = 2007-12-21| url = http://www.spsrasd.info/en/detail.php?id=484 | accessdate = 2008-04-21] The GPC also elects the "National Secretariat", an executive organ of the Polisario, and its "Secretary-General", who then becomes President of the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic. Present Secretary-General is Mohamed Abdelaziz. Local and regional officials, as well as delegates to the GPC, are elected at biannual "Popular Congresses" (or "Popular Base Congresses") in the refugee camps in Tindouf Province, Algeria.
The constitution of the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic, first proclaimed in
1976and last amended in 1996, stipulates that the above-described system is an emergency mechanism that will be in place only for as long as Western Sahara is non-sovereign. After the creation of an independent Western Saharan state, a transformational period defined in the constitution will begin, ending with the installment of a multi-party system on European lines. The Polisario will then be dissolved or transformed into an ordinary political party Fact|date=July 2007.
Sahrawi legislative election, 2008
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