official_name = Sztutowo
settlement_type = Village
imagesize = 250px
dot_x = |dot_y =
pushpin_label_position = bottom
subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_name1 = Pomeranian
subdivision_type2 = Powiat
Nowy Dwór Gdański County
subdivision_name3 = Sztutowo
leader_title = Mayor
leader_name = Janusz Charliński
population_as_of = 2006
population_total = 2988
timezone = CET
utc_offset = +1
timezone_DST = CEST
utc_offset_DST = +2
latd=54 |latm=19 |lats= |latNS= N
longd=19 |longm=11 |longs= |longEW= E
postal_code_type = Postal code
postal_code = 82-110
area_code = +48 55
blank_name = Car Plates
blank_info = GND
footnotes = Sztutowo ( _de. Stutthof) is a
villagein Nowy Dwór Gdański County, part of the Pomeranian Voivodeshipof Poland. It is located about 38 km (24 mi) east of Gdańskon the northeastern edge of the VistulaDelta, at the base of the Vistula Spiton the Baltic coast.
Sztutowo has been known since the beginning of the 13th century as a fishing settlement in the
Pomerelian region. A day's journey from Gdańsk (Danzig) on the Hanseatic post road to Königsberg, it was conquered by the Teutonic Knightsin 1308. It eventually came under the control of the Dukes of Eastern Pomerania. A coaching innand stud farm(German: "Stute" "mare"; "Gestüt" "stud" + "Hof" "court, estate") were founded in 1432 to provide refreshment and fresh horses for the coaches, and the settlement developed into a village.
Thirteen Years' Warended in 1466, the village became part of the autonomous Polish province of Royal Prussia. At that time an estate and manor were founded in Sztutowo, and an agrarian settlement developed nearby. It is recorded that Tsar Peter the Great of Russia stayed in Sztutowo in 1716. The village was annexed by King Frederick the Great of Prussia in 1772 during the First Partition of Poland. A later lessee of the manor was the father of the German pessimist philosopher, Arthur Schopenhauer, who was born there in 1788.
As Stutthof, the village became part of the
German Empireupon the Prussian-led unification of Germanyin 1871. After the defeat of Imperial Germany in World War I, the village became part of the territory of the Free City of Danzig.
World War II
At the beginning of
World War IIin 1939, the Nazis built the Stutthof concentration campnearby, which received its first prisoners on September 2of that year. The camp eventually developed into a huge complex with branches throughout northern Poland by the time it was liberated in May 1945 by the Red Army. More than 110,000 persons of twenty-five nationalities from nineteen countries were imprisoned, and it is estimated that more than 60,000 of them perished here. Located to the west of the current village, the site is now a Polish national museum.
Sztutowo is an agricultural, fishing, and tourist center, with numerous guest houses, spas, campgrounds, and recreational facilities. It has numerous seaside activities and a close proximity to a Polish national
nature preserveand bird sanctuary.
* [http://www.stutthof.pl/ Stutthof National Museum]
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