List of English words of Malay origin

List of English words of Malay origin

Loan words from Malay in English ; Agar (also 'agar-agar'): a gelatinous substance obtained from various kinds of red seaweed and used in biological culture media and as a thickener in foods.; Amok : ('berserk'), as in 'to run amok'; Bamboo : from "bambu"; Banteng : from "banteng", 'a SE Asian forest ox that resembles the domestic cow, domesticated in Bali [Bos javanicus.] '; Caddy : from "kati" (a measurement unit, whereby 1 kati = approximately 600 g); Cockatoo : from kakak or sister and tua or older ("burung kakaktua" lit. the elder sister bird)); Compound (enclosed group of buildings) : by folk etymology from "kampung" or 'village'; Cooties : from "kutu", 'lice'; Dammar : from "damar", 'resin; resin obtained from various mainly Indo-Malaysian trees, used to make varnish.'; Dugong : from "duyung", 'mermaid'; Durian : from "duri" 'thorns', hence "durian", 'thorny'; Gambier : from "gambir"(the name of the plant), an astringent extract of a tropical Asian plant, used in tanning'; Gecko : from "geko,gekok"; Gingham : from "ginggang"; Gutta-percha : (a type of tree whose sap is used in the manufacture of synthetic rubber) from "getah", 'rubber' and "perca", 'scrap/piece'; hence "getah perca", 'a scrap/piece of rubber' ; Junk (type of boat) : from "jong"; Kapok : from "kapuk", 'a fine fibrous substance which grows around the seeds of a ceiba or silk-cotton tree, used as stuffing for cushions'; Kapur : from "kapur" a large tropical tree which yields light brown wood, edible fruit, and camphor [Genus Dryobalanops.] ; Komodo : from "komodo"; Kris (also archaic 'creese') : from "keris", 'a Malay/Indonesian dagger with a wavy-edged blade' ; Mangosteen : from "manggustan"; Meranti : from "meranti", 'white, red, or yellow hardwood from a SE Asian tree (genus Shorea)'; Merbau : from "merbau", 'the hardwood of a SE Asian tree (genus Intsia)'; Orangutan : from "orang hutan" or 'people of the jungle'; paddy : as in 'paddy-field' or 'rice paddy', from "padi", referring to the rice plant "Oryza sativa".; Pandanus : from "pandan", 'a tropical tree or shrub with a twisted stem, long spiny leaves, and fibrous edible fruit. [Genus Pandanus.] '; Pangolin : from "pengguling", 'one that rolls/curls'; Parang : from "parang", 'a Malayan machete', ; Proa (also 'prahu' or 'prau'): from "perahu", 'a Malaysian or Indonesian sailing boat, typically having a large triangular sail and an outrigger'; Rambutan : from "rambut" 'hair', hence "rambutan", 'hairy'; Ramie : from "rami", 'the plant of the nettle family which yields this fibre, native to tropical Asia. [Boehmeria nivea.] ' ; Rattan : from "rotan"; Sago : from "sagu", '(sago palm) the palm from which most sago is obtained, growing in freshwater swamps in SE Asia. [Metroxylon sagu.] ; any of a number of other palms or cycads which yield a similar starch.'; Sarong : from "sarung", 'wrap/sheath'; Satay (also 'sate') : from Malay "satai", Javanese/Indonesian "sate", 'an Indonesian and Malaysian dish consisting of small pieces of meat grilled on a skewer and served with spiced sauce.'; Trepang : from "teripang/trepang"

See also

* Lists of English words of international origin
* at Wiktionary, Wikipedia's sister project

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • List of English words of Dutch origin — This is a list of words of Dutch language origin. However, note that this list does also include some words of which the etymology is uncertain, and that some may have been derived from Middle Low German equivalents instead or as well. Some of… …   Wikipedia

  • List of English words of Sanskrit origin — This is a list of English words of Sanskrit origin. Many of these words were not directly borrowed from Sanskrit. The meanings of some words have changed slightly after being borrowed. NOTOC A; Aditya : from Sanskrit āditya , the Vedic sun god. [ …   Wikipedia

  • List of English words of Portuguese origin — This is a list of English words potentially borrowed or derived from Portuguese (or Galician Portuguese language: zebra was actually an extinct striped wild horse that lived south of Pontevedra, Galicia and the name was given by explorers because …   Wikipedia

  • List of English words of Persian origin — As Indo European languages, English and Persian have many words of common Proto Indo European origin, and many of these cognate words often have similar forms. Examples of these include: English (Mother) and Persian (Madar), English (Father) and… …   Wikipedia

  • List of English words of Spanish origin — This is a list of English language words whose origin can be traced to the Spanish language as Spanish loan words . Many of them are identical in other Romance languages (mainly Portuguese), but their ultimate origin is from Spanish.;abaca : via… …   Wikipedia

  • List of Spanish words of Austronesian origin — This is a list of Spanish words that come from Austronesian languages. It is further divided into words that come from Hawaiian, Javanese, and Malay. Some of these words have alternate etymologies and may also appear on a list of Spanish words… …   Wikipedia

  • List of English words of Australian Aboriginal origin — These words of Australian Aboriginal origin include some which are almost universal in the English speaking world, such as kangaroo and boomerang . Many such words have also become loan words in other languages beyond English, while some are… …   Wikipedia

  • List of loan words in Indonesian — The Indonesian language has absorbed many loanwords from other languages: * Early Hindu and Buddhist influence from India results in many Sanskrit words in Indonesian (and especially Javanese). Indian traders may have contributed words as well,… …   Wikipedia

  • Malay language — This article is about the language which forms the basis of standard Indonesian and Malaysian. For the different Malay variants and dialects, see Malay languages. Malay Bahasa Melayu بهاس ملايو Spoken in Malaysia (as Malaysian and local Malay)… …   Wikipedia

  • List of country name etymologies — This list covers English language country names with their etymologies. Some of these include notes on indigenous names and their etymologies. Countries in italics no longer exist as sovereign political entities.Aflag|Afghanistan::From Afghan and …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.