APEC Australia 2007

APEC Australia 2007

APEC Australia 2007 was composed of a series of political meetings held around Australia between the 21 member economies of the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation. These meetings culminated in Leaders Week, where the heads of government of each member economy attended Sydney, New South Wales from 2 to 9 September, 2007. The New South Wales government declared September 7 a public holiday that encompassed the Sydney metropolitan area, including Penrith, Camden and Campbelltown, so that people would be kept away from the inner city "to assist with the smooth operation of the APEC event". [ [http://www.abc.net.au/news/stories/2007/02/28/1859820.htm APEC public holiday to cost businesses about $320m] ABC News Feb 28, 2007. Accessed September 17, 2007]

Planning for APEC Australia 2007

As the role of APEC host economy rotates between member economies, Australia had been the designated host for 2007 for a number of years. In August 2004, the Department of the Prime Minister and Cabinet established the APEC 2007 Taskforce to allocate a host city within Australia and to organise the event. On 9 February 2005, Prime Minister John Howard announced that Sydney, New South Wales would host the ultimate Leaders Week event. It was also announced that various preliminary meetings would be held in all Australian state and territory capital cities.

Overall security planning was overseen by the Protective Security Coordination Centre (PSCC) of the National Security and Criminal Justice Group from the Attorney-General's Department, through the establishment of an APEC 2007 Security Branch (ASB). The PSCC performed a similar role for the 2006 Commonwealth Games held in Melbourne. [cite web | url = http://www.ag.gov.au/www/agd/agd.nsf/Page/Organisational_StructureNational_Security_and_Criminal_JusticeProtective_Security_Coordination_CentreAPEC_2007 | title = APEC 2007 Security Branch | publisher = Government of Australia | accessdate = 2007-09-11]

At state level, the New South Wales Police Force formed an APEC Police Security Command (APSC) to secure the Leaders Week meetings in Sydney in September.

Preliminary meetings

A significant number of meetings have been held all over Australia from January through until August 2007, involving both government departments and businesses from the various APEC member economies:
*Canberra, Australian Capital Territory was host to a senior officials meeting in January.
*Perth, Western Australia was host to a meeting of mining ministers in February.
*Hobart, Tasmania was host to a small and medium enterprises ministerial meeting in March.
*The Hunter Valley, New South Wales was host to a Food Safety Cooperation Forum in April.
*Adelaide, South Australia was host to a senior officials meeting in April.
*Gold Coast, Queensland was host to Fisheries and Marine Resources conservation meetings in April.
*Brisbane, Queensland was host to the Agricultural Technical Cooperation Working Group in May.
*Darwin, Northern Territory was host to the Energy Ministers Meeting in May.
*Sydney, New South Wales was host to the Health Ministers Meeting in June.
*Port Douglas, Queensland was host to the Digital Economy Forum for Women and Women Leaders Network Meeting in June.
*Cairns, Queensland was host to separate Senior Officials, Trade and Emergency Management meetings in July.
*Coolum, Queensland was host to the Finance Ministers Meeting in July and August.
*Melbourne, Victoria was host to the Small and Medium Business Enterprise Summit in late August.

APEC Leaders Week

The venues for Leaders Week meetings included the Sydney Opera House, the Sydney Convention and Exhibition Centre at Darling Harbour and Government House.

A giant illuminated APEC Australia 2007 logo was affixed to the Sydney Harbour Bridge and a fireworks display occurred on Saturday night. It had previously been announced that the spouses of the political leaders would attend an event at Bondi Beach. Animals from Taronga Zoo were shipped to Garden Island to create a private zoo for APEC spouses. [cite web | url = http://www.news.com.au/dailytelegraph/story/0,22049,22306298-5001021,00.html | title = Private zoo for APEC wives | publisher = Sunday Telegraph | accessdate = 2007-09-11]

International news media reported on an otherwise routine introduction speech by US President Bush due to several gaffes. He accidentally referred to APEC as "OPEC", but seemed to recover and turned it into a joke; when thanking the Australian Defence Force for its cooperation, he used the phrase "Austrian troops"; and finally he appeared to exit the stage in the wrong direction. [cite web | url = http://today.reuters.com/news/articlenews.aspx?type=oddlyEnoughNews&storyid=2007-09-07T170613Z_01_PAR754185_RTRUKOC_0_US-APEC-BUSH-GAFFE-ODD.xml | title = Bush shows gift of gaffe at APEC summit | publisher = Reuters | accessdate = 2007-09-11] [cite web | url = http://www.ctv.ca/servlet/ArticleNews/story/CTVNews/20070907/APEC_BUSH_070907/20070907?hub=TopStories&s_name= | title = APEC? OPEC? Australia? Austria? Bush gets confused | publisher = Associated Press | accessdate = 2007-09-11] [cite web | url = http://news.yahoo.com/s/nm/20070907/od_nm/apec_bush_gaffe_odd_dc;_ylt=Ak.0wC2r..7608JTs6Dj6iouQE4F | title = Bush shows gift of gaffe at APEC summit | publisher = Yahoo! Inc | accessdate = 2007-09-11]

Criticism and public response

The APEC conference has been widely criticised for having severe security arrangements, which resulted in roads closed without sufficient warning as leaders and their motorcades travelled around the city. [Cite web | url = http://www2.skynews.com.au/politics/transcripts/310807_bush.aspx Sky | title = News exclusive interview with President George Bush | publisher = Skynews August | date = 2007-08-31 | accessdate = 2007-09-11] Some Sydneysiders also feared similar disruptions to those experienced during the visit by US Vice President Dick Cheney which caused massive transport disruptions, including the closure of the Sydney Harbour Bridge. [Cite web | url = http://www.abc.net.au/news/stories/2007/02/26/1857536.htm | title = Iemma warns Sydney to prepare for APEC invasion | publisher = ABC News | date = 2007-02-26 | accessdate = 2007-09-11] Nearly all businesses, offices, schools and certain retailers closed on the day, in order to keep most residents at home. Many complaints came from employers about the unnecessary disruption of work which came at a cost.

Civil liberties and political groups were also concerned about changes to NSW law enacted for the APEC conference giving the NSW Police Force new powers, including a suspension of the normal function of habeas corpus, freedom of movement, an excluded persons blacklist [ [http://www.smh.com.au/news/apec/activists-listed/2007/09/04/1188783236873.html Five more activists added to blacklist] Alexandra Smith, Jordan Baker, and Edmund Tadros, Sydney Morning Herald, September 5, 2007. Accessed September 15, 2007] and other civil liberties. [ [http://www.abc.net.au/lateline/content/2007/s2005230.htm Concerns over tough APEC police powers] ABC Lateline, Broadcast: 14/08/2007. Transcript accessed September 16, 2007.] Police and security forces had also erected a security perimeter around much of inner city Sydney for the APEC leaders summit. Another point of criticism is the cost of security for the event with official budget figures at AU$169 million. [cite web | last = Daley | first = Gemma | date = 2007-09-02 | url = http://www.bloomberg.com/apps/news?pid=20601080&sid=aiVUVrtjmm2I | title = Sydney Residents Urged to Vacate Amid APEC Security (Update1) | publisher = Bloomberg L.P. | accessdate = 2007-09-11] New South Wales Police Minister David Campbell justified the strong security presence and curtailment of civil liberties on the fear of 'violent protest' from the Mutiny collective, and other protest groups. [ [http://abc.net.au/news/stories/2007/09/03/2022018.htm?section=justin Anarchist training manual 'justifies' APEC security] ABC Online Sep 3, 2007. Accessed September 12, 2007]

There was also criticism of the alleged heavy handed response to some incidents by the NSW Police Force. In one case, for example, a 52-year-old accountant who crossed a road in front of an official motorcade while on his way to lunch with his son was arrested and detained for 22 hours. [cite web | last = Benns | first = Matthew | date = 2007-09-09 | url = http://www.smh.com.au/articles/2007/09/08/1188783554892.html | title = Jailed for jaywalking | publisher = The Sydney Morning Herald | accessdate = 2007-09-11]

The Philippine Government has sought a clarification regarding an APEC Press Release describing the Filipino national costume for men, the Barong Tagalog, as a "peasant shirt". [cite web|url=http://www.abs-cbnnews.com/storypage.aspx?StoryId=91724|title=www.abs-cbnnews.com/storypage.aspx?StoryId=91724 ]

A year after the APEC conference, the Sydney Morning Herald gained access through Freedom of Information to the list of people on the excluded persons list. This revealed that 61 people were on the list, more than double the 29 people the police had said during APEC. The list included student activists, 12 members of Mutiny and 13 Greenpeace Activists. Stephen Blanks, from the NSW Council for Civil Liberties, said "These are people that the police just found embarrassing and they were arrogant enough to think they could just outlaw them," [Edmund Tadros, " [http://www.smh.com.au/news/national/beware-of-the-police-bearing-lists/2008/09/05/1220121526743.html Beware of the police bearing lists] ", Sydney Morning Herald, September 6, 2008. Accessed September 12, 2008]

APEC in action

The first test

NSW Transport Minister John Watkins warned Sydney that traffic conditions in the city were only going to worsen during APEC, and traffic would be held up due to arriving leaders and their motorcades moving throughout the CBD and Sydney area. Buses were stopped because of security measures on the Sydney Harbour Bridge and Eastern Distributor off ramp, and passengers walked because traffic was not moving during the morning peak on Wednesday. However, so many Sydneysiders took time off or avoided the city that the regular peak hour traffic was greatly reduced.

Chaser incident

On 6 September 2007, eleven cast and crew of the Australian satirical TV comedy series, "The Chaser's War on Everything" including executive producer Julian Morrow and Chas Licciardello, were detained by police outside the InterContinental Hotel after driving a fake motorcade through the Sydney central business district and breaching an APEC security zone. [cite news | last = Braithwaite | first = David | url = http://abc.net.au/news/stories/2007/09/06/2026372.htm?section=justin | title = 11 Charged over Chaser APEC stunt | publisher = Australian Broadcasting Corporation | date = 2007-09-06 | accessdate = 2007-09-06]

The group breached the secure area by masquerading as the motorcade of the Canadian delegation to APEC. Police only realised that the motorcade was a hoax when Chas Licciardello, dressed as Osama bin Laden, stepped out of an official-looking car replete with a Canadian flag flying from the bonnet, [cite web | url = http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/asia-pacific/6982897.stm | title = TV show breaches fortress Sydney | publisher = BBC News | accessdate = 2007-09-11] outside the hotel, where U.S. President George W. Bush was staying. They were subsequently detained at Surry Hills Police Station for questioning, and charged with "entering a restricted zone without justification" under the "APEC Meeting (Police Powers) Act 2007". [cite web|url=http://police.nsw.gov.au/news/all_media?sq_content_src=%2BdXJsPWh0dHAlM0ElMkYlMkZjdXN0b21zY3JpcHRzLnBvbGljZS5uc3cuZ292LmF1JTJGbmV3cyUyRmRldGFpbHNfbWVkaWEucGhwJTNGTWVkaWFJRCUzRDEwMzI0JmFsbD0x|title=NSW Police Media Release - 11 people arrested in Sydney's CBD, continuing to assist with inquiries] [cite web|url=http://www.abc.net.au/news/stories/2007/09/06/2026372.htm|title=11 charged over Chaser APEC stunt]

Licciardello, Morrow and nine other members of the production team were released on bail, to appear in court on 4 October 2007. The incident led to criticisms of the event's security, and the security of APEC restricted areas. [cite news | url = http://www.theage.com.au/news/national/minister-defends-security-overkill/2007/09/06/1188783362444.html | title = Minister defends APEC security 'overkill' | Publisher = FairFax - The Age |date=2007-09-06 | Accessdate = 2007-09-06] Their forged security passes contained the printed phrase "It's pretty obvious this isn't a real pass" above the photograph and "JOKE" next to it. On 28 April 2008 the charges against all eleven members were dropped by the New South Wales Director of Public Prosecutions (DOPP) as it was considered that the police gave "tacit" permission for the group to enter the restricted zone by failing to identify the fake security badges.

The following day, more members of "The Chaser" team (except for Morrow and Licciardello who were required by police to stay away from APEC security areas) conducted a further stunt, this time dressing up as a line of black limousines made from cardboard. Police detained and questioned them but, as they were outside the exclusion zone, no arrests were made. [cite web|url=http://www.news.com.au/story/0,23599,22377829-2,00.html|title=Chaser comedians detained over cardboard motorcade]

Saturday 8th Protest

Saturday 8 September saw the biggest of the organised APEC protest rallies. Attendance was estimated at 3000 by police, [cite web|url=http://www.abc.net.au/news/stories/2007/09/08/2027564.htm|title=Estimate of 3000 at Saturday protest] 5000 by the media, [cite web|url=http://www.news.com.au/story/0,23599,22383424-2,00.html|title=Estimate of 5000 at Saturday protest] and 10,000 by event organisers. [cite web|url=http://stopbush2007.org/node/289|title=Estimate of 10,000 at Saturday protest] While police expected crowds of 20,000, heavy rain dampened attendance. The rally was largely peaceful, consisting mainly of students, and mothers and fathers. [cite web|url=http://requiem.net.au/apec_2007_protest|title=Mums and dads protesting on Saturday 8th] One incident of violence was reported, with 17 protesters arrested. Two police officers were injured, one officer struck in the forehead with a dart and the other officer struck with an iron bar. [cite web|url=http://afp.google.com/article/ALeqM5hIepIvjFk0eKs9Vg0sGr4sdjr6NA|title=Police officer hit with darts and iron bar] A riot control truck equipped with a water cannon was called in but it was not used.

Police Name Tag Removal Inquiry

An inquiry into the removal of name tags by dozens of police officers at the Saturday 8th protest was launched by the New South Wales Police Professional Standards Command following public complaints. [cite web|url=http://www.smh.com.au/articles/2007/09/10/1189276633578.html|title=Inquiry of name tag removal] Human Rights Monitors member Dale Mills took over 200 photographs of officers with removed name badges. [cite web|url=http://www.abc.net.au/news/stories/2007/09/09/2027731.htm|title=200 officers accused of removing name badges] Photographs taken during the protest showed officers wearing badgeless uniforms. [cite web|url=http://www.smh.com.au/articles/2007/09/09/1189276546303.html|title=Photographs of badgeless police] A video taken during the protest has one officer stating that the badges were removed as "It's one of the policies the bosses have this week". [cite web|url=http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=j2sCGa36QsA|title=YouTube video of officer discussing name badge removal policy] Authorities denied that the intent of this policy was to conceal officers' identities. Instead they stated that pin-backed identification tags presented a risk to police officers and that in the future, police assigned to protest duty would be wearing cloth identification tags. Demonstrators have contested this version, stating the police officers at the protest were wearing velcro tags. [cite web|url=http://www.smh.com.au/news/national/apec-name-tags-compromised-safety/2007/09/18/1189881482507.html|title=SMH discuss YouTube name badge video]

On Tuesday the 18th of September, the inquiry cleared all officers of wrongdoing as the name tags 'compromised safety' of the officers. [cite web|url=http://www.smh.com.au/news/national/apec-name-tags-compromised-safety/2007/09/18/1189881482507.html|title=Inquiry clears officers]


Climate change

The "Sydney Declaration on Climate Change" was signed on 8 September 2007 by the leaders present at APEC. It indicates the wish of signatories to work towards unspecified non-binding "aspirational" goals on energy efficiency per unit of GDP. [cite news|title=APEC climate agreement a 'diplomatic breakthrough'|url=http://www.theage.com.au/news/national/apec-climate-agreement-a-diplomatic-breakthrough/2007/09/09/1189276521977.html]


External links

* [http://www.apec2007.org Official web-site for APEC Australia 2007]
* [http://danielhaggard.com/61/when-apec-came-to-sydney-pics/ Pictures of an Anti-Apec Protest in Sydney]
* [http://www.theage.com.au/news/national/concrete-wall-to-protect-sydneys-soft-centre/2007/08/02/1185648025299.html "The Age - Concrete wall to protect"]
* [http://www.greenleft.org.au/2007/715/37140 "Iemma plans an APEC police state"]
* [http://stopbush2007.org/ "Anti APEC protest organisation site"]
* [http://www.abc.net.au/tv/chaser/war/ The Chaser's War on Everything website]
* [http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VAPLpHyBrlg Chaser's APEC Stunt on YouTube]
* [http://midnorthcoastpolicevehicles.fotopic.net/search.php?t=c&txt=apec&pp=20&pn=2&or=co_date_start&os=desc Police vehicles deployed for APEC 2007]

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