Saint Mark's Coptic Orthodox Cathedral (Alexandria)


Saint Mark's Coptic Orthodox Cathedral (Alexandria)

Infobox church
color = yellow
name = Saint Mark's Coptic Orthodox Cathedral
fullname = Saint Mark's Coptic Orthodox Cathedral (Alexandria)


img_size = 180px
img_capt = An interior view of St. Mark's Cathedral in Alexandria
landscape =
denomination = Coptic Orthodox Church
diocese =
parish =
division =
subdivision =
founded_date = 62 AD
founder = Saint Mark
architect =
style = Coptic
constructed_date = 60 AD
dedicated_date =
closed_date =
demolished_date =
bishop = Pope Shenouda III
priest = Fr. Ibrahim Nawar
Fr. Gawargious Mikhail
Fr. Marcos Gabra
Fr. Yohanna Nassif
Fr. Abraam Emile
archdeacon =
dean =
provost =
rector =
canon =
prebendary =
curate =
chaplain =
vicar =
deacon =
abbot =
minister =
seniorpastor =
pastor =
address = St. Mark's Coptic Cathedral, Mahatet el-Ramleh, Alexandria.
country = Egypt
phone = +2 (03) 486 7103
website = http://www.elmorkosia.net
Saint Mark's Coptic Orthodox Church in Alexandria is considered a Cathedral as it is the historical seat of the Pope of Alexandria, the head of the Coptic Orthodox Church since 60 AD.

Beginning

The cathedral is said to stand on the site of the church founded by St. Mark the Evangelist in 60 AD.

St. Mark the Evangelist (author of the second Gospel) has been connected with the city of Alexandria since earliest Christian tradition. Coptic Christians believe he arrived in Alexandria around 60 AD and stayed for about seven years.

During this time, Mark converted many to Christianity and performed many miracles. He is considered the founder of the church in Alexandria and the first Bishop of Alexandria. According to tradition, St. Mark was arrested during a festival of Serapis in 68 AD and martyred by being dragged through the streets. He was buried under the church he had founded.

Relics of Saint Mark

In 828, the body of St. Mark was stolen from the Alexandrian church by Venetians to be enshrined in the grand new St. Mark's Basilica in Venice. However, the head of the saint remained in Alexandria and every newly-appointed Patriarch of Alexandria began his service with holding the holy head of St. Mark in his lap and changing its cloth shroud.

The head of St. Mark was moved around a great deal over the centuries, and has been lost for over 250 years. Some of the relics from the body of St. Mark, however, were returned to Alexandria from Rome in 1968 during the papacy of Pope Cyril VI.

The present St. Mark's Coptic Cathedral is of recent date, but is said to stand on the site of church founded by St. Mark himself. [ [http://www.sacred-destinations.com/egypt/alexandria-st-mark-coptic-cathedral.htm St. Mark's Coptic Cathedral - Alexandria, Egypt ] ]

History of the Cathedral

*311 AD, before the martyrdom of Pope Peter the Last of Martyrs, he prayed a last prayer on the grave of Saint Mark, the church was then a little chapel on the eastern coast, and it contained the bodies of Saint Mark and some of his holy successors.

* 321 AD: the church was enlarged in the days of Pope Achillas, the 18th Pope.
* 641 AD: the church was greatly ruined when the Arabs invaded Egypt.
* 680 AD: Pope John III of Sammanud – the 40th Pope – rebuilt the church.
* 828 AD: the body of Saint Mark was stolen by Italian sailors and was taken from Alexandria to Venice in Italy. However, Saint Mark's head remained in Alexandria.
* 1219 AD: the church was destroyed during the time of the crusades, then it was rebuilt once more.
* 1547 AD: Pierre Belon [http://links.jstor.org/sici?sici=0081-8658(1959)6%3C7%3AEAEAIT%3E2.0.CO%3B2-2] The voyager mentioned that the church was founded.
* July 1798 AD: the church was pulled down during the French invasion of Alexandria .
* 1819 AD: the church was rebuilt and opened by Pope Peter El Gawly in the time of Mohammed Ali Pasha.
* 1870 AD: the church was renewed in the time of Pope Demetrius II and by the supervision of H.G. Bishop Marcos of El Behira.
* Between the years 1950 – 1952, in the time of Pope Yusab II, the church building was pulled down – as it was old – and another, larger building was built with reinforced concrete after the basilique style. The six marble pillars were transferred into the outer entrance of the church. The icon carrier was accurately cut into parts, each part given a number, and then it was cautiously returned to where it was originally. The two minarets were not pulled down as they were reinforced with concrete and were decorated with beautiful Coptic engravings. Two new bells – brought from Italy – were provided, one for each minaret.
* 1985 – 1990 AD: the church was widened from the western side after the former style with great accuracy, keeping the two minarets in their places, so the entire area of the church was doubled. The six pillars were transferred to the new western entrance of the church supervised by Pope Shenouda III. [ [http://www.elmorkosia.net/church/history.html SAINT MARK Coptic Orthodox Cathedral - Alexandria, EGYPT] ]

External links

* [http://www.elmorkosia.net/index.html Saint Mark's Coptic Orthodox Cathedral in Alexandria website]
* [http://ca.youtube.com/watch?v=PE9Rsod277U A short video of the Cathedral's services]

ee also

*Coptic Orthodox Church
*Coptic architecture
*List of Coptic Orthodox Churches in the United States
*Seat of the Coptic Orthodox Pope of Alexandria
*Coptic Cairo
*Seat of the Coptic Orthodox Pope of Alexandria
*Saint Barbara Church in Coptic Cairo
*Saint Mark's Coptic Orthodox Cathedral, Cairo
*Saint Mark's Coptic Orthodox Cathedral (Azbakeya)
*Saint Mark Coptic Orthodox Church (Heliopolis)
*Saint Mary and Saint Abasikhiron Coptic Orthodox Church
*Saint Mary Church (Haret Elroum)
*St Mary and St Mercurius Coptic Orthodox Church
*Saint Mercurius Church in Coptic Cairo
*Saints Sergius and Bacchus Church (Abu Serga)
*The Hanging Church
*Church of the Holy Virgin (Babylon El-Darag)
*Church of the Virigin Mary (Haret Zuweila)

References

External links

* [http://www.elmorkosia.net/ Saint Mark's Coptic orthodox Cathedral (Alexandria) website]


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