- U.S. Route 23 in Michigan
highway_name=U.S. Route 23
starting_terminus=jct|state=OH|US|23 at Ohio state line southwest of Lambertville
counties=Monroe, Washtenaw, Livingston, Genesee, Saginaw, Bay, Arenac, Iosco, Alcona, Alpena, Presque Isle, Cheboygan, Emmet
U.S. Route 23is a major convert|364.07|mi|km|2|lk=on|adj=on north-south highway in the U.S. stateof Michigan.
US 23 enters Michigan on a
freewaynorth of Toledo, Ohio, concurrent with US 223; it is a more direct route than I-75, providing a bypass around Detroit. US 23 is freeway past Dundee, Milan, Ann Arbor (junction I-94 and M-14), Brighton (junction I-96) and Fenton. The freeway portion between I-475 near Toledo, OHand Flint has many substandard bridge clearances (in Interstate standards terminology), but it lets travelers to and from northern Michigan bypass the urban I-75in the Metro Detroit area.
Just south of Flint, US 23 joins I-75 (US-23 mile marker 90, I-75 mile marker 115), staying with it past Saginaw and Bay City before splitting at Standish; M-13 provides a number for part of the old route. From Standish to US-23's north end at Mackinaw City, US 23 follows the shoreline of
Saginaw Bayand Lake Huron, serving such lakeside communities as Au Gres, East Tawas, Oscoda, Harrisville, Alpena, Rogers City, and Cheboygan. I-75 is a much more direct route for long-distance travel between Standish and Mackinaw City.
A segment of
freewaybetween Standish and Alpena (later scaled back to just Tawas City) was proposed to relieve traffic congestion on the mostly two-way, two-lane segment of US 23. Wetland concerns and local resistance are the main reasons for the dormancy or termination of this freeway project. There were alternative tactics to traffic congestion relief in and around the area. Some intermittent passing relief lanes were added to the existing US 23 corridor, which is a gateway to some popular tourist centers in Michigan.
The Fenton-Clio Expressway was designated as US-23 in 1958, soon after the freeway opened. When first opened, the Fenton-Clio Expressway did not connect with other freeways, although such freeway connections were soon added. In 1960, the portion of the Fenton-Clio Expressway from just southwest of Flint north to Birch Run was also designated as I-75. At that time, I-75 in Michigan existed in separate discrete segments connected by non-Interstate highways and surface roads. Birch Run was the northern terminus of one such segment. By 1961, at the southern terminus, the US-23 freeway was extended to Hartland. On the northern end, the US-23/I-75 freeway had been extended to Kawkawlin.
The Fenton-Clio Expressway was built in two phases, both completed within months of each other:
Phase 1:From the Livingston/Genesee county border in Fenton to Miller Rd. southwest of Flint.
Phase 2:Miller Rd. to Birch Run
* [http://www.michiganhighways.org/listings/MichHwys20-29.html#US-023 US-23 on Michigan Highways]
* [http://www.michiganhighways.org/listings/MichHwys70-79.html#I-075 I-75 on Michigan Highways]
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