River Darwen


River Darwen

The River Darwen is a river running through Darwen and Blackburn in Lancashire.

The River was seriously polluted with human and industrial effluent during the Industrial Revolution, up to the early 1970's. The River often changed colour dramatically as a result of paper and paint mills routinely using river water to flush out dye and paint tanks. This has now ceased and the river is relatively clear with the return of trout and small fish. Rising in Jack's Key Clough at the confluence of two streams from Bull Hill and Cranberry Moss, the river flows through the town of Darwen, continuing into the suburbs of Blackburn past Ewood Park. The river passes below the Leeds and Liverpool Canal at Ewood Aqueduct and is culverted again at Waterfall and near Griffin Park. It is joined by the River Blakewater near Witton Country Park in Blackburn and leaves the mostly urban landscapes of the towns behind, flowing through parklands and valleys. A further tributary, the River Roddlesworth, joins the Darwen at the bottom of Moulden Brow on the boundary between Blackburn with Darwen and Chorley Borough Council (the name "Moulden Brow" being associated with Moulden Water, an alternative name for this stretch of the river). From there, the Darwen flows past Hoghton Tower through Hoghton Bottoms and Samlesbury Bottoms, finally combining with the River Ribble at Walton-le-Dale.

At Walton-le-Dale, the river was the backdrop to the battle of Preston during the Second English Civil War, a Parliamentarian victory immortalised in John Milton's poem "To Cromwell": -

While Darwent Streams with Blood of Scots imbru'd...

In this poem, the river appears to be named "Darwent," giving evidence of its derivation from a Brythonic dialect form similar to the Old Welsh "derwenyd" (Modern Welsh "derwenydd"), meaning "valley thick with oaks".

Tributaries

*Hennel Brook
**Cockshott Brook
*Many Brooks
**Black Brook
***Hatchwood Brook
**Fowler Brook
***Drum Head Brook
****Gorton Brook
****Mill Brook
***Bank Head Brook
*Old Darwen
*Beeston Brook
**Quaker Brook
*Hole Brook
**Huntley Brook (North)
**Huntley Brook (South)
*Alum House Brook
**Arley Brook
*Trout Brook
*River Roddlesworth
**Finnington Brook
**Stockclough Brook
***Whitehalgh Brook
****Shaw Brook
****Chapels Brook
****Sheep Bridge Brook
**Rake Brook
**Calf Hey Brook
**Ferny Bed Springs
*River Blakewater
**Snig Brook
**Audley Brook
**Little Harwood Brook
***Royshaw Clough
***Seven Acre Brook
**Knuzden Brook
*Scotshaw Brook
**Moss Brook
**Badger Brook
*Higher Croft Brook
**Newfield Brook
*Davy Field Brook
**Flash Brook
**Grimshaw Brook
***Waterside Brook
****Mean Brook
*****Sapling Clough
****Hoddlesden Moss Brook
*****Far Scotland Brook
****Pickup Bank Brook
*****Moss Brook
*****Twitchells Brook
*Sunnyhurst Brook
**Stepback Brook
*Bold Venture Brook
**High Lumb Brook
***Livesey Brook
*Kebbs Brook
**Green Lowe Brook
*Bury Fold Brook
**Old Briggs Brook
***Duckshaw Brook
*Grain Brook
**Bent Hall Brook
**Deadman's Clough


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Look at other dictionaries:

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