Elections in the Philippines


Elections in the Philippines

The Philippines elects on national level a head of state (the President) and a legislature. The president is elected for a six-year term by the people. The vice-president is elected at the same time on a separate ballot. The Philippines elects on a local level governors, vice governors, board members, mayors up to the barangay officials and the Sangguniang Kabataan members which is mandated in the current Constitution of the Philippines and the Local Government Code of 1991.

The Congress or "Kongreso" has two chambers. The House of Representatives or "Kapulungan ng mga Kinatawan" has currently 240 seats elected for three-year terms, of which 212 seats are contested in single seat constituencies and, 23 are allotted to party-lists according to proportional representation, which are only accessible to marginalized and under-represented groups and parties. The Philippine constitution prohibits the House of Representatives to have more than 250 members. The Senate or "Senado" has 24 members who are elected for six-year terms at-large and do not represent any geographical district. Half of the Senate is renewed every three years.

The Philippines has a multi-party system, with numerous parties in which no one party often has a chance of gaining power alone, and parties must work with each other to form a coalition government. The Commission on Elections is responsible for running the elections.

Under the Constitution, general elections for the President, Vice President, Congress and local officials occurs after the President and Vice President finishes their terms. While the Congressional elections occurs on mid-term of the incumbent President. Barangay and Sangguniang Kabataan elections are now done at the same time after the Congressional elections.

Upcoming national and local elections

*Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao general election, 2008
*Philippine general election, 2010

Latest elections

2007 House election

2007 Senatorial Election

2004 Presidential election

Past elections and referendums

Presidential elections and referendums

enate elections

House elections

Parliamentary elections

Constitutional Convention elections

Other elections and plebiscites

Local plebiscites

*Dinagat Islands creation plebiscite, 2006
*Shariff Kabunsuan creation plebiscite, 2006

ee also

* Timeline of Philippine elections
* Electoral calendar
* Electoral system
* President of the Philippines
* Vice President of the Philippines
* Philippine Congress
* Senate of the Philippines
* House of Representatives of the Philippines
* Commission on Elections

External links

* [http://www.comelec.gov.ph Official website of the Commission on Elections]
* [http://psephos.adam-carr.net/countries/p/philippines/ Adam Carr's Election Archive]
* [http://www.philippinepolitics.net Portal to Philippine politics and current events dialogues]
* [http://www.i-site.ph/Databases/ElectionFiles/FastFacts/ElectionResults/commonwealth.html Election Files]


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