South Zeal


South Zeal

South Zeal is a village on Dartmoor, in Devon, UK. The village lies at the heart of the Beacon villages area. It is the most highly populated area in the parish of South Tawton. The name, Zeal, comes from the Old English "Zele" meaning hall.

Growth

South Zeal developed into the larger settlement when it was granted a charter to hold a weekly market and two annual fairs in 1299 AD. This, in turn, led to the development of trade routes and the 13th century village lay either side of the early road from Exeter to Okehampton and on to Cornwall. With the passing of time, the hamlets of Shelley, Prospect and Ramsley became part of the village.

Geography

The village lies in a hollow and the surrounding roads look down on the medieval burgage plots which stretch out behind the cottages in the main street. These were enclosed fields established by the Lord of the Manor, in the 13th century from the 'open' manorial fields. The tenants of the enclosed lands paid a cash rent instead of, as previously, occupying land by virtue of having given feudal service. Those to whom land grants were made were known as 'Burghers', they jointly managed the 'new town' formed by the settlement.

Industry and economy

For much of the middle ages and until late in the 18th century woollen manufacture was Devon's most valuable industry. Spinning and weaving of serge was a major cottage industry in South Zeal and in adjacent villages, where many of the cottages had large ground floor rooms to accommodate the spinning wheels and looms. This now vanished industry is commemorated in the village names, 'Tucking Mill Field' and the adjacent 'Washing Place'. The Tucking Mill was a water powered mill in which the woven wool was beaten to give a felted product.

The village, in serious economic decline at the end of the 18th century, gradually recovered during the following 100 years with the improvement of roads and other communications, the development of copper mining and of the infant tourist industry. In the 19th century South Zeal housed miners working in the important Ramsley copper mine on the hill above. At this time the influx of migrant workers from Ireland led the village to be known locally as Irishman's Town.

During the 19th century South Zeal supported its own bakers, shoemakers, tailors and milliners In addition to a range of general shops and up to five pubs. However in the 20th century, particularly after 1945, local businesses appear to have declined to their present level of three pubs (two in Zeal and one in South Tawton), one village store and Post Office, a haulage business, web design company, yoga studio and motor repair garage. However, there are still farming businesses conducted in both villages together with a host of small service providers and internet based home businesses.

Churches

It has a Church of England chapel and a Methodist chapel. The church is situated in the smaller South Tawton village, down the road, for which the parish is named. The differences have their basis in history when South Tawton was a manor and South Zeal was a village in that manor, where the manor hall was situated.

External links

* [http://www.beacon-villages.co.uk Beacon Villages official website]


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • South Tawton — infobox UK place country = England official name= South Tawton population = 1,255 (FHSA 2005) shire district= West Devon shire county = Devon region= South West England constituency westminster= Torridge and West Devon Ambulance= Devon Ambulance… …   Wikipedia

  • South Australia — South Australian. a state in S Australia. 1,285,033; 380,070 sq. mi. (984,380 sq. km). Cap.: Adelaide. * * * State (pop., 2001: 1,514,854), south central Australia. It covers an area of 379,720 sq mi (983,470 sq km), and its capital is Adelaide.… …   Universalium

  • South Asia Institute of Advanced Christian Studies — (SAIACS) is an institute for post graduate theological studies and research in Bangalore, India. It has an evangelical ethos and aim at a pursuit of excellence for God s service. , born in 1938 and raised in New Zealand, on a farm in the Manawatu …   Wikipedia

  • Zeal Monachorum — infobox UK place country = England official name= Zeal Monachorum latitude= 50.816667 longitude= 3.816667 shire county= Devon region= South West England constituency westminster= England os grid reference= SS7204003537Zeal Monachorum (Latin… …   Wikipedia

  • South Carolina Court of Appeals — The South Carolina Court of Appeals is the intermediate level appellate court for the state of South Carolina. Contents 1 Jurisdiction 2 History 2.1 Pre Civil War 2.2 Modern t …   Wikipedia

  • Korea, South — Introduction Korea, South Background: After World War II, a republic was set up in the southern half of the Korean Peninsula while a Communist style government was installed in the north. The Korean War (1950 53) had US and other UN forces… …   Universalium

  • Jan Smuts in the South African Republic — Field Marshal Jan Christian Smuts, OM, CH, ED, KC, FRS (May 24, 1870 ndash; September 11, 1950) was a prominent South African and Commonwealth statesman, military leader, and philosopher. He served as a Boer General during the Boer War, a British …   Wikipedia

  • June 15th North-South Joint Declaration — Infobox Korean name hangul=남북 공동선언 (South); 북남공동선언 (North) hanja=南北共同宣言; 北南共同宣言 rr=Nambuk Gongdong Seoneon; Bungnam Gongdong Seoneon mr=Nambuk Kongdong Sŏnŏn; Pungnam Kongdong Sŏnŏn In August 2000, after over 50 years’ separation, members of the… …   Wikipedia

  • Muslim nationalism in South Asia — Islam in India History Malik Bin Deenar Kunhali Marakkar I Cheraman Juma Masjid Ali Raja Mappila Rebellion Islahi Movement in Kerala …   Wikipedia

  • List of places in Devon — This is a list of settlements and places of interest in Devon, England. See List of places in England for settlements in other counties. NOTOC A*Abbots Bickington *Abbotsham *Abbotskerswell *Alverdiscott *Appledore (Mid Devon) *Appledore (North… …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.