Baruj Benacerraf


Baruj Benacerraf

Infobox Scientist
name = Baruj Benacerraf
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image_size =150px
caption = Baruj Benacerraf
birth_date = 29 October, 1920 (age 87)
birth_place = Caracas
death_date =
death_place =
residence =
citizenship = United States
nationality = Venezuela
ethnicity =
field = immunology
work_institutions =
alma_mater =
doctoral_advisor =
doctoral_students =
known_for = Major histocompatibility complex
author_abbrev_bot =
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influenced =
prizes = 1980 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
religion =
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Baruj Benacerraf (born 29 October, 1920) is a US immunologist born in Venezuela, son of a Jewish family originating from Morocco, who shared the 1980 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for the "discovery of the Major histocompatibility complex genes which encode cell surface molecules important for the immune system's distinction between self and non-self". His brother is well-known philosopher Paul Benacerraf.

Born in Caracas, his parents were Sephardic Jews: his father was born in the Spanish Morocco and his mother in Algeria. Dr. Benacerraf moved to Paris from Venezuela with his family in 1925. After going back to Venezuela, he emigrated to the USA in 1940 and in 1943 became a naturalized citizen. He earned his B.S. at Columbia University School of General Studies. He then went on to attain the degree of Doctor of Medicine from the Medical College of Virginia, the only school to which he was accepted.

After his medical internship and US Army service (1945–48), and working at the military hospital of Nancy, he became a researcher at Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons (1948–50). He performed research in Paris (1950–56), relocated to New York University (1956–68), moved to the National Institutes of Health (1968–70), then joined Harvard University (1970–91), concurrently serving the Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Boston (1980). He began studies of allergies in 1948, and discovered the Ir (immune response) genes that govern transplant rejection (1960s).

In 1990, Benacerraf also received National Medal of Science for his contributions to the world of medicine.

References

*cite journal
quotes = yes
last=Raju
first=T N
authorlink=
year=1999|month=Nov.
title=The Nobel chronicles. 1980: George Davis Snell (1903-96); Jean Baptiste Dausset (b 1916); Baruj Benacerraf (b 1920)
journal=Lancet
volume=354
issue=9191
pages=1738
publisher = | location = | issn =
pmid = 10568613
bibcode = | oclc =| id = | url = | language = | format = | accessdate = | laysummary = | laysource = | laydate = | quote =
doi = 10.1016/S0140-6736(05)76734-9

*cite journal
quotes = yes
year=1992|month=Apr.
title=The Nobel Lectures in Immunology. The Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine, 1980 awarded to Baruj Benacerraf, Jean Daussett & George D. Snell
journal=Scand. J. Immunol.
volume=35
issue=4
pages=373–98
publisher = | location = | issn =
pmid = 1557610
bibcode = | oclc =| id = | url = | language = | format = | accessdate = | laysummary = | laysource = | laydate = | quote =

*cite journal
quotes = yes
last=Petrányi
first=G
authorlink=
year=1981|month=Apr.
title= [Nobel Prize winners in medicine for 1980. Immunogenetic significance of the main histocompatibility system (George Snell, Jean Dausset, Baruj Benacerraf)]
journal=Orvosi hetilap
volume=122
issue=14
pages=835–7
publisher = | location = | issn =
pmid = 7019812
bibcode = | oclc =| id = | url = | language = | format = | accessdate = | laysummary = | laysource = | laydate = | quote =

External links

* [http://nobelprize.org/medicine/laureates/1980/index.html 1980 Nobel Medicine Winners]
* [http://nobelprize.org/medicine/laureates/1980/benacerraf-autobio.html Nobel autobiography]


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Baruj Benacerraf — (* 29. Oktober 1920 in Caracas, Venezuela; † 2. August 2011 in Boston, Massachusetts) war ein US amerikanischer Mediziner venezolanischer Herkunft, der sich vorwiegend mit der Immunologie und Transplantationsmedizin beschäftigte. 1980 erhielt er… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Baruj Benacerraf — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Baruj Benacerraf Baruj Benacerraf …   Wikipedia Español

  • Baruj Benacerraf — (Caracas, Venezuela, 29 de octubre de 1920), médico, ganador junto con Jean Dausset y George D. Snell del Premio Nobel de Fisiología o Medicina en 1980, por sus descubrimientos relacionados con estructuras determinadas por la genética en la… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Baruj Benacerraf — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Benacerraf. Baruj Benacerraf Naissance 29 octobre 1920 Caracas ( …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Benacerraf — is a family name that may refer to:* Baruj Benacerraf (b. 1920) – immunologist * Paul Benacerraf – philosopher * Margot Benacerraf (b. 1926) – film director …   Wikipedia

  • Benacerraf — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Baruj Benacerraf (1920–2011), US amerikanischer Mediziner venezolanischer Herkunft Margot Benacerraf (* 1926), französisch venezulanische Filmregisseurin Paul Benacerraf (* 1931), US amerikanischer… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Benacerraf —  Cette page d’homonymie répertorie des personnes (réelles ou fictives) partageant un même patronyme. Baruj Benacerraf (1920 2011), immunologiste américain et prix nobel de médecine en 1980, frère de Paul, Margot Benacerraf (née en 1926),… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • BENACERRAF, BARUJ — (1920– ), physician and Nobel Prize laureate in medicine. Benacerraf was born in Caracas, Venzuela. He moved to the United States in 1939 and graduated in science from Columbia University, New York, in 1942 and in medicine from the Medical School …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Benacerraf — Baruj …   Scientists

  • Benacerraf — Benacerraf, Baruj …   Enciclopedia Universal


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