Zagreb Observatory


Zagreb Observatory
Zagreb Astronomical Observatory

The Zagreb Astronomical Observatory (in Croatian: Zvjezdarnica) is the astronomical observatory located in Zagreb, the Croatian capital, and founded in 1903. It is managed by the Zagreb Astronomical Society; its main purpose is educational.

Contents

Equipment and location

The main telescope under the dome is a 175/1400 mm TMB APO refracting telescope installed in September 2007. The old Zeiss 130/1950 mm telescope has been mounted in parallel and will, after the acquisition of the needed equipment, be use to photograph the Sun in the Hα line. The third telescope, a Coronado PST Hα 40/400 mm, is installed next to the main telescope and is used for visual observation of the Sun in the Hα line. There are also several smaller portable telescopes (Celestron 200/2000mm, Konus refractor 80/900mm etc.) and binoculars. The photo lab makes black and white photographs.

The Observatory stands in the city center, a couple of streets away from the main city square. It is located in a tower called Popov Toranj (Priest's Tower), erected during the Tatar scare in the 13th century and formerly owned by the Archbishop of Zagreb.

It comprises the last floor of the building complex in Opatička 22, with the telescope dome on a terrace. The Observatory premises include a lecture room for an audience of 50, a room for astrophotography, 5 offices, a library and a small common space.

History

The Observatory was founded by the Croatian Society for Natural Sciences. The premises in Popov Toranj were provided by the city government, which gave the funds for the reconstruction and the installation of an astronomic dome and a telescope. The grand opening took place on December 5, 1903. The first manager of the Observatory was Oton Kučera, a major promoter of science in Croatia.

The international renown of the first observatory in the region was enhanced by August Kopff, an astronomer from Heidelberg. When he discovered the planetoid No. 589 in 1906, he named it "Croatia" in the honor of the new observatory.

Along with scientific work, the Observatory has always been used for popular science, which flourished in the mid-20th century, when the Esperanto editions of the Observatory spread its name around the world. The observatory was closed during World War II. In the 1960s, a new electrical telescope was bought. The Observatory and the Croatian Astronomic Society made their greatest cultural contribution to Zagreb when they procured the planetarium in 1963. It was donated to the Technical Museum, where it is still used.

In the mid-1980s, the Observatory building complex was thoroughly renovated. In 1992, a new dome was installed, the equipment and activities were modernized. Today, the Observatory is a gathering point of the lovers of astronomy and natural sciences. It traditionally holds lectures, stargazing sessions, astronomic education and other activities for the citizens. Its scientific work regarding the physics of the Sun is done together with the Hvar Observatory.

References

External links

Coordinates: 45°49′08″N 15°58′30″E / 45.819°N 15.9749°E / 45.819; 15.9749


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Zagreb City Museum — Zagreb City Museum. Zagreb City Museum or Museum of the City of Zagreb (Croatian: Muzej grada Zagreba) located in 20 Opatička Street, was established in 1907 by the Association of the Brethren of the Croatian Dragon (Croatian: Braća hrvatskoga… …   Wikipedia

  • Zagreb — For other uses, see Zagreb (disambiguation). Zagreb   City   City of Zagreb Grad Zagreb …   Wikipedia

  • University of Zagreb Faculty of Geodesy — Infobox University name = Faculty of Geodesy native name = Geodetski fakultet motto = established = 1962 type = Public endowment = staff = 80 faculty = president = provost = principal = rector = chancellor = vice chancellor = dean = head label =… …   Wikipedia

  • Oton Kučera — (January 1, 1857, Petrinja December 29, 1931, Zagreb) was a Croatian astronomer. He played a crucial role by popularizing science and technology in Croatia. He was also the president of Matica hrvatska and the author of several physics handbooks… …   Wikipedia

  • Mohorovičič, Andrija — born Jan. 23, 1857, Volosko, Croatia, Austian Empire died Dec. 18, 1936, Zagreb, Yugos. Croatian meteorologist and geophysicist who discovered the boundary between the Earth s crust and the mantle, later named the Mohorovičič discontinuity, or… …   Universalium

  • Meanings of minor planet names: 7001–7500 — As minor planet discoveries are confirmed, they are given a permanent number by the IAU s Minor Planet Center, and the discoverers can then submit names for them, following the IAU s naming conventions. The list below concerns those minor planets …   Wikipedia

  • Roger Joseph Boscovich — Infobox Scientist caption=Portrait by Robert Edge Pine, London, 1760. dead=dead birth date=birth date|1711|5|18 birth place = Dubrovnik, Republic of Ragusa death date=death date|1787|2|13 death place = Milan, Duchy of Milan residence = Milan… …   Wikipedia

  • Athens — This article is about the capital of Greece. For other uses, see Athens (disambiguation). Athens Αθήνα Athīna …   Wikipedia

  • Archdiocesan Classical Gymnasium — The gymnasium, looking from Voćarska Road …   Wikipedia

  • Lisbon — For other uses, see Lisbon (disambiguation). Coordinates: 38°42′49.72″N 9°8′21.79″W / 38.7138111°N 9.1393861°W / 38.713811 …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.