- Ruth Dalton
Florence Ruth Dalton (born Hamiliton Fox, 1890 –
15 March 1966), [http://www.angeltowns.com/town/peerage/bcommons3.htm Historical list of MPs: B (part 3)] at Leigh Rayment's Peerage Pages] known as Ruth Dalton and later Lady Dalton, was a British Labour Party politician. A long serving member of the London County Council, she also holds the record for the shortest-serving female Member of Parliament(MP). [http://www.qub.ac.uk/cawp/UKhtmls/RecordsUK.htm Centre for Advancement of Women in Politics: Records] ]
A graduate of the
London School of Economics, she married in 1924 the Labour Party MP Hugh Dalton; they had one child, a daughter. The following year she was elected a member of the London County Council. [http://www.qub.ac.uk/cawp/UK%20bios/UK_bios_20s.htm#dalton Centre for Advancement of Women in Politics: Women MPs Elected 1918-1929] ]
Her husband was MP for Peckham in
South London, later a solidly Labour seat, but then highly marginal; his majority in 1924 was only 947 votes.cite book |last=Craig |first=F. W. S. |authorlink= F. W. S. Craig |title=British parliamentary election results 1918-1949 |origyear=1969 |edition= 3rd edition |year=1983 |publisher= Parliamentary Research Services |location=Chichester |id= ISBN 0-900178-06-X] He had been selected as Labour candidate for the safe seatof Bishop Auckland in County Durham, where the sitting MP Ben Spoorwas retiring,cite web |url=http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm200506/cmhansrd/vo050525/debtext/50525-27.htm#50525-27_spnew0 |title=Maiden speech of Helen GoodmanMP |accessmonthday=15 |accessdaymonth=August |accessyear=2007 |date= 25 May 2005|format=HTML |work= Hansard|publisher= |pages=Column 781-782] but Spoor died shortly before Christmas 1928, necessitating a by-election. However, Hugh Dalton could not stand without resigning his Peckham seat, and the candidate selected to succeed him in Peckham was John Beckett, then MP for Gateshead, so Hugh Dalton could not stand without triggering another two by-elections.
The Bishop Auckland
Constituency Labour Partytherefore needed a candidate who would agree to stand down at the next general election. The seventy-strong general committee unanimously chose Ruth Dalton, because she could be relied on to resign in favour of her husband as soon as Parliament was dissolved; no other candidate was even considered.
Ruth won the by-election on 7 February with a large majority and 57% of the votes, and served until Parliament was dissolved on 10 May for the 1929 general election. She had been Member of Parliament (MP) for only 92 days, a record never beaten, but equalled 45 years later by
Margo MacDonald, the Scottish National PartyMP for Glasgow Govan from 8 November 1973to 8 February 1974.
Dalton did not enjoy the House of Commons, and did not stand for Parliament again. She felt that more work was accomplished on London County Council, where she held her seat until 1931, returning from 1935 to 1942 as an
alderman, including a time as Chairman of the Parks Committee. She later served on the Board of Governors of the Royal Balletand from 1957-62 on the Arts Council.
Her husband was made a
life peerin 1960, and she was then known as Lady Dalton.
List of United Kingdom MPs with the shortest service
NAME = Dalton, Ruth
ALTERNATIVE NAMES = Dalton, Florence Ruth
SHORT DESCRIPTION = 20th century British Labour politician
DATE OF BIRTH = 1890
PLACE OF BIRTH =
DATE OF DEATH =
15 March 1966
PLACE OF DEATH =
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