- Fabryka Samochodów Osobowych
"Fabryka Samochodów Osobowych" (FSO) (literally translated as " Factory of Passenger Cars") is a Polish automobile manufacturer, located in
The FSO plant was established in 1951 by the Polish government in
Żerańon Warsaw's eastern bank of the river Vistula, to produce automobiles for post World War II Poland. The first FSO car was the "Warszawa", manufactured under the Soviet GAZ-M20 Pobedalicence.
In 1953, an in-house team started working on the development of a smaller, popular car, resulting in the second FSO model, a two-stroke
Syrena, being introduced in 1957. The Syrena was a completely proprietary design of FSO; its production was next moved to FSM car factory("Fabryka Samochodów Małolitrażowych").
The Polski Fiat and Polonez Era
In 1965, the Polish government signed license agreements with the Italian auto manufacturer
Fiatto manufacture selected Fiat models in Poland, under the brand Polski Fiat. In particular, the Fiat 125was to be manufactured at FSO to replace the outdated Warszawa. The resulting model, called Polski Fiat 125p, was in fact a simplified model with Fiat 1300/1500mechanicals, and was exported for some time under the names Fiat 125p and later, after the license agreement ended, FSO 1300/1500. It was also produced in station wagon and pick-up variants. Meanwhile, the Warszawa was still manufactured concurrently until 1973.
In 1978, FSO introduced a new model, called Polonez, which was a 5-door compact car based on updated FSO 1500 design. The Polonez was also exported to many markets under the FSO brand. This model was initially to substitute all variations of the original 1500, but actually the production of the latter lasted until 1991, and both models were updated a few times during that period.
The Fiat Polski 125P was produced until 26 June 1991. In total, 1,445,689 were manufactured. By that time the design was 24 years old and used mechanicals which were essentially 30 years old, with only minor improvements.
The Daewoo Era
After the structural transformations of 1989, the Polish government sought to privatise the FSO by finding an appropriate partner in one of international automakers. Despite many attempts and negotiations, this was not the case for many years. The first full-fledged venture started in 1994, when an agreement with
General Motorswas signed to assemble Opel Astrain Żerań. Nevertheless, the following year FSO was actually sold to the Korean Daewoo Motors, which was at that time independent of GM and actually competing with it. The company was then renamed Daewoo-FSO.
At first, Daewoo used FSO to assemble models such as
Daewoo Nexiaand Daewoo Espero. In 1997, the assembly and then full-fledged production of Daewoo Lanoscommenced, followed in 1999 by the Daewoo Matiz. Other contemporary Daewoo models were also assembled. The production of Polonez was maintained, the model was modernized and new body styles were added. Nevertheless, waning demand led FSO to cease Polonez production in 2002.
Meanwhile, General Motors decided to build their own factory in Poland, in
Gliwice, where the production of Opel Astra was relocated in 1998. GM's assembly line at FSO was then used for a short time to assemble Opel Vectrafor the local market and then shut down completely, ending the relationship with General Motors.
Daewoo went bankrupt in 2000, leading to an acute deterioration of FSO's position. Daewoo Motors itself was bought out by General Motors (and its Asian partners), but overseas manufacturing subsidiaries such as Daewoo-FSO were not part of the deal. Therefore, FSO became de facto independent again.
Through lengthy negotiations, the Polish government secured FSO the rights to manufacture and sell the Lanos and the Matiz until 2007. Nevertheless, FSO did not have the means to update the models, so they quickly became less and less attractive, not to mention that Daewoo's collapse caused the buyers to become very wary of Daewoo cars. FSO found salvage in the Ukrainian market, where Matiz and Lanos, assembled by the local partner
AvtoZAZ, became very popular. In 2004, Daewoo-FSO was renamed FSO again.
During that period, the Polish government was actively seeking a new strategic partner for FSO, but no major automaker expressed interest. Finally, FSO entered talks with the British
MG Rover, but as talks progressed it became apparent that the British company, did not have the means to complete the deal, despite vague suggestions of the involvement of an (alternating) Chinese partner. MG Roverwent into administration in 2005, putting an end to any hopes connected with it.
In view of that, the UkrAVTO holding, the current owner of
ZAZ, became the only possible partner for FSO. The Ukrainian company became gradually a majority shareholder of FSO (84.31% of shares), while at the same time strengthening the cooperation between FSO and ZAZ. UkrAVTO suggested it will provide a new model for the FSO to manufacture after the Matiz and Lanos licenses expire. This might refer to the Sens, and updated (T150) version of the Lanos, currently assembled in Ukraine using parts supplied by FSO.
In the late 2005, the media started reporting that General Motors is believed to be in talks with both UkrAVTO and FSO itself concerning the assembly of GM Daewoo products for the European Union market (currently, all GM Daewoo products for EU markets are imported from South Korea, which makes them subject to EU customs duties). In the end of 2006, it was reported that FSO is preparing to start the production of the
Chevrolet Aveo[http://www.autoconsulting.com.ua/article.php?sid=6436] .
The production of new T250 model (Aveo) has already been commenced.
* [http://www.fso-sa.com.pl/ Official FSO page (pl)]
* [http://www.autohistories.com/fso/ The Unofficial FSO pages]
* [http://gaz20.spb.ru/analogs_warszawa.htm About FSO] Ru icon
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Fabryka Samochodów Osobowych — Emblem Fabryka Samochodów Osobowych (kurz: FSO) heißt „Fabrik für Personenwagen“ und bezeichnet einen polnischen Automobilhersteller in Warschau. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 … Deutsch Wikipedia
FSO (Auto) — Fabryka Samochodów Osobowych (kurz: FSO) heißt „Fabrik für Personenwagen“ und bezeichnet einen polnischen Automobilhersteller in Warschau. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Die Anfänge 2 Die Ära von Polski Fiat und Polonez 3 Die Daewoo Ära 4 FSO nach der… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Polonez — Fabryka Samochodów Osobowych (kurz: FSO) heißt „Fabrik für Personenwagen“ und bezeichnet einen polnischen Automobilhersteller in Warschau. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Die Anfänge 2 Die Ära von Polski Fiat und Polonez 3 Die Daewoo Ära 4 FSO nach der… … Deutsch Wikipedia
FSO Syrena — Infobox Automobile| name = Syrena manufacturer = Fabryka Samochodów Osobowych (FSO) till 1972 Fabryka Samochodów Małolitrażowych (FSM) after 1972 production = 1956 1983 521,311 produced predecessor = successor = Polski Fiat 125p body style = 2… … Wikipedia
FSO (automobiles) — Pour les articles homonymes, voir FSO. Fabryka Samochodów Osobowych (FSO) Création … Wikipédia en Français
ГАЗ-М-20 «Победа» — У этого термина существуют и другие значения, см. Победа. ГАЗ М 20 «Победа» … Википедия
FSO (компания) — У этого термина существуют и другие значения, см. FSO. Fabryka Samochodów Osobowych S.A. Год основания … Википедия
Polski Fiat — 125p – FSO 125p Fiat 126p – FSM 126p Polski Fiat … Deutsch Wikipedia
FSO Polonez — Infobox Automobile name = FSO Polonez manufacturer = FSO production = 1978 1989 (1500) 1989 1991 (MR 89) 1991 1997 (Caro) 1997 2002 (Caro Plus) predecessor = Polski Fiat 125p successor = class = Mid size car platform = body style = 3 door… … Wikipedia
FSM (Auto) — Polski Fiat 126p Die Fabryka Samochodów Małolitrażowych (kurz: FSM, dt. „Fabrik für Motoren mit kleinem Hubraum “) ist ein polnischer Automobil Hersteller mit Werken in Bielitz Biala und Tichau. Ab 1957 wurde dort die Modellreihe Syrena gebaut,… … Deutsch Wikipedia