- USS Devastator (AM-318)
"Devastator" was launched
19 April 1943by General Engineering and Dry Dock Co., Alameda, California; sponsored by Mrs. D. A. Shaw; and commissioned 12 January 1944, Lieutenant Commander R. C. Gloss, USNR, in command.
World War II service
"Devastator" – the first ship in the
U.S. Navyto bear that name -- was an auxiliary ship of the United States Navy. She served as an escort vessel during the latter half of the Second World War, and later saw service in the Korean War.
"Devastator" arrived at
Pearl Harbor 30 March 1944as escort for a convoy. The next day she began convoyescort duty in Majuroand Kwajalein, which continued until 30 July. During 3 to 17 Augustshe swept off French Frigate Shoals, and after one voyage to Eniwetokfrom 4 to 25 September, served at Pearl Harboron training duty for the remainder of the year.
Iwo Jima and Okinawa operations
"Devastator" sailed from
Pearl Harbor 27 January 1945as escort for transports bound for the Battle of Iwo Jima. She participated in preinvasion minesweeping for 3 days before the invasion landings of 19 February, then escorted damaged vessels to Saipan, returning to Iwo Jima 1 Marchto patrol off the island until 7 March.
19 March 1945"Devastator" got underway from Ulithifor preinvasion minesweeping at Okinawa. She patrolled during and after the invasion and in the heavy suicide attacks of 6 Aprildowned a Japanese plane about 50 yards off her port quarter. On 4 Julyshe cleared Okinawafor minesweepingoperations in conjunction with the U.S. 3rd Fleetraids on the Japanese mainland. She sailed from Okinawa 15 Julyfor Seattle, Washingtonarriving 12 Augustfor overhaul.
"Devastator" remained on the
U.S. West Coastfor operations except for two extended periods at Pearl Harborfor experiments in hull design development. She was placed out of commission 30 January 1947.
Korean War-related service
26 February 1952"Devastator" served in the Far Eastfrom 8 July 1952to 5 February 1953and again from 5 October 1953to 2 June 1954carrying out dangerous sweeps in Korean waters. She then operated on the U.S. west coast until again placed out of commission in reserve 15 April 1955. She was reclassified MSF-318, 7 February 1955.
Decommissioning and disposal
"Devastator" was decommissioned
15 April 1955. She was sold to Mexicoin 1973as "Sabastian Lerdo de Tejada" (C-74).
Awards and honors
"Devastator" received three
battle starsfor World War IIservice and two battle starsfor Korean Warservice.
* [http://www.navsource.org/archives/11/02318.htm NavSource Online: Devastator (MSF 318)]
* [http://www.history.navy.mil/photos/sh-usn/usnsh-d/am318.htm USS Devastator (AM-318, later MSF-318), 1944-1973]
World War II
* [http://www.mine-sweepers.com/devastator4.htm The Mine Sweeper USS Devastator AM-318 Scrapbook]
* [http://www.koreanwar.org/html/units/navy/uss_devastator.htm USS DEVASTATOR (AM-318) - US Navy - Korean War Project]
* [http://www.ibiblio.org/hyperwar/USN/ships/AM/AM-318_Devastator.html Ships of the U.S. Navy, 1940-1945 AM-318 USS Devastator]
* [http://www.multied.com/navy/Minelayer/Ardent.html Devastator (AM-318), and Defense (AM317]
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