Gonzalo de Borbón y Dampierre

Gonzalo de Borbón y Dampierre

Don Gonzalo de Borbón y Dampierre (5 June 1937 - 27 May 2000) was a grandson of King Alfonso XIII of Spain.

Gonzalo was born in the Clinica Santa Anna in Rome, [Begoña Aranguren, "Emanuela de Dampierre, Memorias: Esposa y madre de los Borbones que pudieron reinar en España" (Madrid: Esfera, 2003), 111.] the younger son of Infante Jaime of Spain and of his wife, Emmanuelle de Dampierre. He was baptised with the names "Gonzalo Victor Alfonso José Bonifacio Antonio Maria y Todos los Santos" in the chapel of the hospital where he had been born. [Aranguren, 112.]

In 1941, after the death of Alfonso XIII, Gonzalo moved with his family to Lausanne in Switzerland. They lived first at the Hotel Royal, before Gonzalo and his older brother Alfonso were sent to the Collège Saint-Jean in Fribourg. [Marc Dem, "Le duc d'Anjou m'a dit: La vie de l'aîné des Bourbons" (Paris: Perrin, 1989), 23.] On 8 December 1946 Gonzalo made his first communion; on the same day he was confirmed by Cardinal Pedro Segura y Sáenz, Archbishop of Seville. [Dem, 24.]

In 1953 Gonzalo visited Spain for the first time. The following year General Francisco Franco allowed Gonzalo and Alfonso to continue their education in Spain. [Dem, 43-44.]

In September 1955 Gonzalo and Alfonso were both injured in an automobile accident near Lausanne. ["Spanish Princes Hurt in Wreck", "The New York Times" (September 11, 1955): 81.] They were returning from Windsor and had been driving all day and all night. [Dem, 48-49.]

In December 1959 an engagement was announced between Gonzalo and Dorothy Marguerite Fritz of San Francisco, daughter of Nicholas Eugene Fritz, Jr. ["Miss Dorothy Fritz Betrothed to Prince", "The New York Times" (December 18, 1959): 32.] She was a wealthy heiress and the owner of the exclusive Huntington Hotel. The marriage never took place.

In November 1961 Gonzalo and his brother Alfonso, concerned that their father was wasting away his money, applied to a French court for a decree of interdiction against their father; this would have meant that their father would have been legally considered a minor. ["Trustee to Run Duke's Estate", "The Times" (January 25, 1962): 9.] They were supported in their application by their grandmother Queen Victoria Eugenia of Spain as well as by other members of the Spanish Royal Family. In January 1962 the court held that there were not sufficient grounds for an interdiction, but it did appoint a trustee for reasons of prodigality and extravagance.

On 28 January 1983, at Puerto Vallarta, Mexico, Gonzalo was married in a civil ceremony to Maria del Carmen Harto Monteallegre (born 23 April 1947). They received a civil divorce on 18 April 1983, before the marriage had been registered in Spain.

On 25 June 1984, at Madrid, Gonzalo was married in a civil ceremony to Maria de las Mercedes Licer y García (born 15 October 1963), daughter of Luis Licer and of his wife, Maria de las Mercedes García y Estrada. They renewed their vows in a religious ceremony on 30 June 1984, at Olmedo near Valladolid. They separated in July 1985, were civilly divorced in 1989, and received a religious annulment in 1994.

On 12 December 1992, at Genoa, Italy, Gonzalo was married in a civil ceremony to Emanuela Pratolongo (born 22 March 1960). They renewed their vows in a religious ceremony on 17 September 1995, at Rome.

Gonzalo had no children from any of his marriages. He did, however, have an illegitimate but recognized daughter by Sandra Lee Landry: [Marlene A. Eilers, "Queen Victoria's Descendants, Companion Volume" (Falköping, Sweden: Rosvall Royal Books, 2004), 56.]
*Stephanie Michelle de Borbon, (born 19 June 1968, Miami, Florida). She married Richard Carl McMasters II on 27 July 1995 in West Palm Beach, Florida. They have five sons, two of whom were born before their marriage:
**Nicholas Alexander de Borbon (born 21 January 1994, Riviera Beach, Florida)
**Christian Sebastian de Borbon (born 5 June 1995, Riviera Beach, Florida)
**Jaime Alfonso McMasters (born 24 October 1996, West Palm Beach, Florida)
**Richard Carl McMasters III (born 22 May 1998, West Palm Beach, Florida)
**Alexander Leandro Joaquin Gonzalo McMasters de Borbon (21 September 2004, Jupiter Medical Center, Jupiter, Florida)

Gonzalo died of leukemia at Lausanne, Switzerland. He is buried in the chapel of Saint Sebastian in the church of the Descalzas Reales in Madrid.

Rank and titles

Since Gonzalo's mother was not born a princess of a royal house, his grandfather Alfonso XIII did not consider Gonzalo in line to the Spanish throne in accordance with the Pragmatic Sanction of 1776. Gonzalo's father Jaime disagreed, however, and maintained that his sons were Spanish dynasts with the style "His Royal Highness". In Spain Gonzalo was generally addressed as "Don Gonzalo de Borbón y Dampierre". Elsewhere he was often addressed as a prince with the style "His Royal Highness".

The internal family conflict over Gonzalo's rank and title continued throughout his life. In 1972 his uncle the Count of Barcelona invited him to the wedding of his daughter Margarita; the invitation did not recognise the royal rank of Gonzalo who wrote a letter of protest to his uncle. [Aranguren, 222-223.]

Gonzalo was considered a French prince with the style "His Royal Highness" by those legitimists who believed that his grandfather Alfonso XIII was also the heir to the French throne. After his grandfather's death and the accession of his father Jaime in 1941, Gonzalo was regarded as second in line to the legitimist French throne for many years until the birth of his nephew in 1972.

On 8 March 1972, Jaime named him and received him into the Order of the Holy Spirit and the Order of Saint Michael; the declarative letters patent were dated 21 September 1972. ["État présent de la Maison de Bourbon", 3e éd. (Paris: Editions de Léopard d'or, 1985), 213.] Also on 21 September 1972 Jaime gave Gonzalo the title "duc d'Aquitaine" (Duke of Aquitaine). ["État présent de la Maison de Bourbon", 3e éd., 116.] He was given the Grand Cross of the Order of Saints Maurice and Lazarus by Prince Vittorio Emanuele of Savoy; the document of investiture referred to him as Duke of Aquitaine.

On 14 September 1988, the tribunal d'instance in Montpellier issued a certificate of French nationality to Gonzalo on the grounds that his mother was born French and had retained her nationality when she married. On 18 May 1989, Gonzalo was issued French national identity papers with the name "SAR de Bourbon, duc d’Aquitaine, Gonzalve Victor" (H.R.H. of Bourbon, Duke of Aquitaine, Gonzalve Victor). He later received a French passport with the same name.


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1= 1. Gonzalo de Borbón y Dampierre
2= 2. Infante Jaime, Duke of Segovia
3= 3. Emmanuelle de Dampierre
4= 4. Alfonso XIII of Spain
5= 5. Victoria Eugenie of Battenberg
6= 6. Roger de Dampierre, 2nd Duke of San Lorenzo
7= 7. Vittoria Ruspoli
8= 8. Alfonso XII of Spain
9= 9. Maria Christina of Austria
10= 10. Prince Henry of Battenberg
11= 11. Princess Beatrice of the United Kingdom
12= 12. Richard de Dampierre, 1st Duke of San Lorenzo
13= 13. Jeanne Carraby
14= 14. Emanuele Ruspoli, 1st Prince of Poggio-Suasa
15= 15. Josephine Mary Curtis
16= 16. Francis of Spain
17= 17. Isabella II of Spain
18= 18. Archduke Karl Ferdinand of Austria
19= 19. Archduchess Elisabeth Franziska of Austria
20= 20. Prince Alexander of Hesse and by Rhine
21= 21. Julia von Hauke
22= 22. Albert, Prince Consort
23= 23. Victoria of the United Kingdom
24= 24. Henri de Dampierre
25= 25. Élisabeth Corbin
26= 26. Pierre Etienne Carraby
27= 27. Marie Marguerite Ybry
28= 28. Bartolomeo Ruspoli
29= 29. Carolina Ratti
30= 30. Joseph David Curtis
31= 31. Elizabeth Shipton-Giles
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