Pompadour (hairstyle)


Pompadour (hairstyle)

Pompadour is a style of haircut which takes its name from Madame de Pompadour.

The pompadour was a fashion trend in the 1950s among male rockabilly artists and actors like Elvis Presley, Johnny Cash, Little Richard, Marlon Brando ("The Wild One") and James Dean ("Rebel Without a Cause"). In the late twentieth century, rockabilly revival musicians such as The Stray Cats with Brian Setzer, The Pole Cats, The Rockats and other musicians in the punk scene such as Pretenders bassist Pete Farndon, members of the band The Clash and Social Distortion were known for wearing this style at times. Morrissey, formerly of the band The Smiths, has also worn a pompadour hair style throughout his career. Oakland Raiders owner Al Davis has had a pompadour for most of his adult life. The pompadour was also an integral part of the image of 1980s pop star Rick Astley.

There are also Latin variants of the hair style more associated with European and Argentine tango fashion trends and occasionally with late twentieth century musical genres such rockabilly and country.

In recent years the pompadour hair style has been adopted by those enamoured with vintage culture of the late 50s and early 1960s that includes antique cars, hot rods, American folk music, rockabilly bands, and Elvis Presley. The pompadour is the trademark hairstyle for Latin superstar Luis Miguel. Talk show host Conan O'Brien is also famous for his hybrid (half pompadour, half comb over) version. In 1981, new wave group Devo wore black plastic pompadour hairstyles with their costumes.

In the 'HBO' (Home Box Office) series "The Sopranos", character Silvio Dante, played by American actor and musician Steven Van Zandt, has worn a customized pompadour hairpiece in all 6 seasons since the show's inception.

Beavis from the popular MTV cartoon "Beavis and Butt-Head" also has a Pompadour hair style.

This style has become popular among Italian-Americans and the "" or "" subculture. Many Mexican-American in the "Cholo" subculture also sport pompadours.

In modern Japanese popular culture, the pompadour is a stereotypical hairstyle often worn by gang members, thugs, members of the yakuza and its junior counterpart bōsōzoku, and other similar groups such as the "yankii" (high-school hoodlums). In Japan the style is known as the "Regent" hairstyle, and is often caricatured in various forms of entertainment media such as anime, manga, television, and music videos. The musical group Kishidan is known for their large "Regent" hairstyles.

Creation

A pompadour is often created by combing the sides of the hair back, while fanning the top of the hair forward and curling over itself. There are numerous ways to sculpt a pompadour. Some only curl the front few inches of their hair up, while others comb their hair back and use their hands to "push" it into its desired place. Occasionally hair is kept relatively short and cut into the desired look, and pompadours are created through standing the hair straight up, retaining a "spiked" quality. Variations on exact style vary from a straight front to a more rounded and organic look. The quiff also exists. [http://www.geocities.com/pompadour101/instructions.html Step-by-step instructions for making a pompadour can be found here] .

For women, the hairstyle has become marginally popular again in the first few years of the twenty-first century. It can be created by ratting at the roots of the hair on the sides of the pompadour towards the top of the head. Then the hair is combed up and over the ratted hair, off the forehead, the front up in a curl straight back, and the sides pulled back towards the center.

In Japan, there is the Punch perm which appears to combine elements of the flattop hairstyle and the traditional pompadour. This hairstyle is stereotypically worn by shady members of society such as the "yakuza", "bōsōzoku" and "chinpira" (street thugs).

In the Psychobilly subculture, the pompadour is slightly modified to form the Psychobilly Wedge. The Psychobilly Wedge (sometimes known as the 'Vamp Ramp') is a hairstyle worn by Psychobilly fans and musicians (Kim Nekroman frontman of Nekromantix for example). The Psychobilly Wedge is a sort of mix between a mohawk hairstyle and the pompadour, where the hair along the side of the head is shaved and the middle isn't spiked but slicked back and stood up like a pompadour.

Often many hair-care products are employed in the creation of a pompadour. Commonly seen are wax and gel pomades, held in high regard for their durability. Sometimes they are created solely with the use of hair spray, hair gel, or even glue.

References

"Definition"

* [http://www.m-w.com/cgi-bin/dictionary?book=Dictionary&va=pompadour Merriam-Webster definition] . Retrieved 25 April 2005.

"Rockabilly connection"

* [http://www.lordoflaughs.com/pompadour.htm "Lord Carrett's Pompadour Page."] Retrieved 25 April 2005.
* [http://www.wordsmith.org/awad/archives/0404 "Pompadour."] "A Word A Day Archives". Retrieved 25 April 2005.
* Trebay, Guy (November 18, 2003). [http://www.elvis.com.au/presley/article_hiddenforyears.shtml "Hidden for Years at Graceland, His Clothes Have Left the Building."] "Elvis Australia". Retrieved 25 April 2005.

"Setzer connection (many more available on Web)"

* Abrams, Kerry (February 8, 1999). [http://dailybeacon.utk.edu/issues/v80/n18/setzer.18a.html "Setzer Swings Into Town."] "The Daily Beacon". Retrieved 25 April 2005.

* [http://www.livejournal.com/userinfo.bml?user=brian_setzer Brian Setzer LiveJournal fan community description page] 25 April 2005.

* Hinke, Christina M. [http://www.hoodoovoodoolounge.com/interviews/swing_holidays.htm "Brian Setzer Puts the Swing Into the Holidays" (interview with Setzer, mentioning hair style).] "Associated Press", reprinted in "Hoodoo Voodoo Lounge fan site". Retrieved 25 April 2005.

* Hinke, Christina M. (October 10, 2005). [http://www.highbeam.com/library/doc0.asp?DOCID=1P1:85593826&refid=ency_nores_feed "Brian Setzer Rocks and Doo-wops his Way Through New Album."] "Associated Press". Retrieved 25 April 2005.

* [http://www.townsend-records.co.uk/product.php?pId=1075161&pType=music Townsend Records Shop description of Brian Setzer] . Retrieved 25 April 2005.

"Examples of nonrockabilly male musicians with pompadours"

* [http://www.repriserec.com/news.html "Nick Cave Kinder and Gentler? Not Quite."] (March 27, 2001). "Reprise Records News". Retrieved 25 April 2005.
* Leiby, Richard (January 21, 2002). "Joe Henry: Too Big Too Fit." "The Washington Post", pg. C1.
* Tav Falco's Argentine-styled pompadour

"Tango and Latin connection"

* Foley, Dylan (November 22, 1977). [http://members.tripod.com/~dispatches/international/tango.html "Tango: Looking for Love in All the Wrong Places."] "Toronto Globe and Mail". Retrieved 25 April 2005.

* [http://nypost.com/tempo/02090504.htm "Tressed to Kill."] (February 9, 2005). "New York Post online edition". Retrieved 25 April 2005.


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Pompadour — can refer to: * Arnac Pompadour, a commune of the Corrèze département of France, former marquisate, famous for its Château and its National Stud* Madame de Pompadour, Jeanne Antoinette Poisson, Marquise de Pompadour, a well known courtesan and… …   Wikipedia

  • Hairstyle — Haircut redirects here. For the financial term, see Haircut (finance). For the 1982 film, see The Haircut. For the 1995 film, see Haircut (film). For the 1993 album by George Thorogood, see Haircut (album). Traditional hairstyle of a Japanese… …   Wikipedia

  • pompadour — /pom peuh dawr , dohr , door /, n. 1. an arrangement of a man s hair in which it is brushed up high from the forehead. 2. an arrangement of a woman s hair in which it is raised over the forehead in a roll, sometimes over a pad. 3. a pink or… …   Universalium

  • pompadour — (n.) 1887 as a men s hairstyle; 1899 as a woman s style with the hair swept up over the forehead, in recognition of Jeanne Antionette Poisson, Marquise de Pompadour (1721 1764), mistress of Louis XV from 1745 50, who wore her hair in an upswept… …   Etymology dictionary

  • pompadour — 1. noun /ˈpɒmpədʊə,ˈpɒmpədɔː,ˈpɑːmpədɔːr/ a) A womans hairstyle, named after Madame de Pompadour. b) A mans hairstyle of the 1950s Syn: do, ducktail, drakes ass, quiff 2. verb …   Wiktionary

  • pompadour — [ pɒmpədɔ:] noun a woman s hairstyle in which the hair is turned back off the forehead in a roll. ↘N. Amer. a men s hairstyle in which the hair is combed back from the forehead without a parting. verb [usu. as adjective pompadoured] N. Amer.… …   English new terms dictionary

  • Pompadour — /pom peuh dawr , dohr , door /; Fr. /pawonn pann doohrdd /, n. Marquise de (Jeanne Antoinette Poisson Le Normant d Étioles), 1721 64, mistress of Louis XV of France. * * * ▪ hairstyle       style of dressing the hair in which the front hair is… …   Universalium

  • pompadour —    (POM pah door) [French, after the marquise de Pompadour] A hairstyle in which the hair is brushed up high from the forehead; a similar, older style for women, with the hair brushed up and over a roller or pad …   Dictionary of foreign words and phrases

  • pompadour — /ˈpɒmpədɔ/ (say pompuhdaw) noun 1. an arrangement of a woman s hair, popular in the early 18th century, in which it is raised above the forehead, often over a pad. 2. a man s hairstyle in which the hair is brushed up and back from the forehead,… …   Australian English dictionary

  • pompadour — n. a woman s hairstyle with the hair in a high turned back roll round the face. Etymology: f. Marquise de Pompadour, the mistress of Louis XV of France d. 1764 …   Useful english dictionary


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