Galena, Illinois

Galena, Illinois

Geobox|Settlement
name = Galena
native_name =
other_name =
category = City
etymology =
official_name =
motto =
nickname =


image_caption = Downtown Galena, Illinois


symbol = Seal of Galena Illinois.png country = United States
state = Illinois
region_type = County
region = Jo Daviess
district_type = Township
district =
municipality =
part =
landmark =
river =
location =
elevation_imperial = 633
elevation_imperial_note = cite web|url=Gnis3|408846|title=USGS detail on Newtown|accessdate=2007-10-21]
prominence_imperial =
lat_d = 42
lat_m = 25
lat_s = 05
lat_NS = N
long_d = 90
long_m = 25
long_s = 53
long_EW = W
highest =
highest_location =
highest_region =
highest_state =
highest_elevation_imperial =
highest_lat_d =
highest_lat_m =
highest_lat_s =
highest_lat_NS =
highest_long_d =
highest_long_m =
highest_long_s =
highest_long_EW =
lowest =
lowest_location =
lowest_region =
lowest_state =
lowest_elevation_imperial =
lowest_lat_d =
lowest_lat_m =
lowest_lat_s =
lowest_lat_NS =
lowest_long_d =
lowest_long_m =
lowest_long_s =
lowest_long_EW =
length_imperial =
length_orientation =
area_imperial = 3.7
area_land_imperial = 3.7
area_water_imperial = 0.0
area_urban_imperial =
area_metro_imperial =
population = 3460
population_date = 2000
population_urban =
population_metro =
population_density_imperial = 926.4
population_density_urban_imperial =
population_density_metro_imperial =
established_type = Settled
established = 1690s (French)cite web |author= Galena Area Chamber of Commerce via CommunityLink |date= November 15, 2004 |title= "Lifestyle, Location & History" |accessmonthday= January 4|accessyear= 2007 |url= http://www.communitylink.com/us/il/galena/profile/location.htm ]
established1_type = Founded
established1 = 1826
established2_type = Chartered
established2 = 1841
date =
government =
government_location =
government_region =
government_state =
government_elevation_imperial =
government_lat_d =
government_lat_m =
government_lat_s =
government_lat_NS =
government_long_d =
government_long_m =
government_long_s =
government_long_EW =
leader_type = Mayor
leader = Tom F. Bruschcite web |author= City of Galena, Illinois |title= "City of Galena Mayor" |accessmonthday= July 1|accessyear= 2007 |url= http://www.cityofgalena.org/gov_mayor.cfm ]
timezone = CST
utc_offset = -6
timezone_DST = CDT
utc_offset_DST = -5
postal_code = 61036
area_code = 815
code =
whs_name =
whs_year =
whs_number =
whs_region =
whs_criteria =
iucn_category =
free =
free_type =


map_caption = Location of Galena within Illinois
map_background =
map_locator = Illinois
map1 =
map1_caption =
commons = Galena, Illinois
statistics =
website = http://www.cityofgalena.org/
footnotes =

Galena is the largest city in, and county seat of, Jo Daviess County, Illinois in the United States with an estimated population of 3,396 in 2006.cite web |author= United States Census Bureau |title= "2005 population estimate for Galena city" |accessmonthday= April 13|accessyear= 2007 |url= http://factfinder.census.gov/servlet/SAFFPopulation?_event=&geo_id=16000US1728300&_geoContext=01000US%7C04000US17%7C16000US1728300&_street=&_county=Galena&_cityTown=Galena&_state=04000US17&_zip=&_lang=en&_sse=on&ActiveGeoDiv=&_useEV=&pctxt=fph&pgsl=160&_submenuId=population_0&ds_name=DEC_2000_SAFF&_ci_nbr=null&qr_name=null&reg=null%3Anull&_keyword=&_industry= ] GR|6 The city is a popular tourist destination known for its history, historical architecture, as well as its ski and golf resorts. Galena was the home to Ulysses S. Grant, several other war generals, entertainers and politicians.

History

Galena has a rich history which is still visible in the city's architecture. Originally it was inhabitated by Native Americans in the Sac and Fox Nation. By the late 17th century French people began to settle in the area and in the early 19th century American settlers arrived. Following a sharp decline in the demand for lead, Galena's population dropped from 14,000, where it was in mid 19th century, to only 3,396, where it is in the early 21st century.

Lead mining

The city is named for the mineral galena.cite web |author= Galena Historical Society |date= June 21, 2006 |title= "History Highlights" |accessmonthday= April 13|accessyear= 2007 |url= http://www.galenahistorymuseum.org/galenafacts.htm ] It is the natural mineral form of lead sulfide and the most important lead ore mineral.cite web |author= Mineral Information Institute |date= October 18, 2004 |title= "Lead" |accessmonthday= April 13|accessyear= 2007 |url= http://www.mii.org/Minerals/photolead.html ] Native Americans, including the Sac and Fox tribes, mined the ore in Galena for use as body painting. In the 1690s French trappers discovered the area and also began mining the lead.cite web |author= Destination 360 |date= 2007 |title= "Galena Illinois" |accessmonthday= April 13|accessyear= 2007 |url= http://www.destination360.com/north-america/us/illinois/galena.php ]

Within a few centuries American settlers arrived in the area. George Davenport, a retired colonel in the United States Army, successfully shipped Galena's first boatload of lead ore down the Mississippi River in 1816. Three years later a trading post was built in Galena which led to the first steamboat arriving in 1824. By 1845 Galena was producing nearly 27,000 tons of lead ore. At that time Jo Daviess County was producing eighty percent of the lead in the United States.

People

Ulysses S. Grant, the future American Civil War general and 18th U.S. President, lived in Galena for several years working as an assistant in his father and brother's leather shop.cite web |author= Illinois State Military Museum |date= February 27, 2007 |title= "Ulysses S. Grant" |accessmonthday= April 13|accessyear= 2007 |url= http://www.il.ngb.army.mil/Museum/HistPeople/Grant.htm ] Today the Grant home is a popular tourist attraction.cite web |author= Destination 360 |date= 2007 |title= "Ulysses S Grant Home" |accessmonthday= April 13|accessyear= 2007 |url= http://www.destination360.com/north-america/us/illinois/ulysses-grant-home.php ] Elihu B. Washburne, Grant's Secretary of State and an opponent of slavery in the United States, was also a resident and attorney in Galena.cite web |author= University of Virginia, Miller Center of Public Affairs |date= 2007 |title= "Elihu B. Washburne" |accessmonthday= April 13|accessyear= 2007 |url= http://millercenter.virginia.edu/Ampres/essays/grant/cabinet/312 ] By the end of the American Civil War, the count of generals from Galena reached nine: Grant; Augustus Louis Chetlain; John Oliver Duer; Jasper Adalmorn Maltby; Ely Samuel Parker; John Aaron Rawlins; William Rueben Rowley; John Corson Smith; and John Eugene Smith.cite web |author= Galena Historical Society |date= June 21, 2006 |title= "Galena's Nine Civil War Generals" |accessmonthday= April 13|accessyear= 2007 |url= http://www.galenahistorymuseum.org/ninegenerals.htm ] Galena was also briefly represented in Congress by Edward Dickinson Baker, who would later be the only U.S. Senator to fall in battle.cite web |author= United States Congress |title= "BAKER, Edward Dickinson" |accessmonthday= April 13|accessyear= 2007 |url= http://bioguide.congress.gov/scripts/biodisplay.pl?index=B000059 ] Other noted people who were born in or lived in Galena include Grant's son Frederick Dent Grant, explorer Frederick Schwatka, radio host Don McNeill, writer Herman Melville, Wyoming Governor William A. Richards, and Iowa Governor John H. Gear."Report of the Sixth Reunion of the Grant Family Association at the Breevort House", New York, New York, February 27, 1914, ed. by Frank Grant and Elihu Grant (Westfield, Mass.: n. p., 1914), pp. 26-29.] cite web |author= Alaska Historical Society |title= "This Month in Alaska History" |accessmonthday= April 13|accessyear= 2007 |url= http://www.alaskahistoricalsociety.org/index.cfm?section=discover%20alaska&page=This%20Month%20in%20Alaska%20History&viewpost=2&ContentId=25 ] cite web |author= Radio Hall of Fame |date= March 16, 2007 |title= "Don McNeill" |accessmonthday= April 13|accessyear= 2007 |url= http://www.radiohof.org/musicvariety/donmcneill.html ] Hayes, K. (2007). "The Cambridge Introduction to Herman Melville". Cambridge: Cambridge University Press] cite web |author= State of Wyoming |date= July 17, 2006 |title= "W. Richards" |accessmonthday= April 13|accessyear= 2007 |url= http://wyoarchives.state.wy.us/governor/wrichard.htm ] cite web |author= United States Congress |title= "GEAR, John Henry" |accessmonthday= April 13|accessyear= 2007 |url= http://bioguide.congress.gov/scripts/biodisplay.pl?index=G000110 ]

Until the late 1980s Galena remained a small rural farming community. In 1990 local industries included the second Kraft Cheese plant founded by James L. Kraft -- the first is in Stockton, IL--, Lefco Foundry, John Westwick's foundry, and Microwswitch, Inc.

In the 1980s a tourist campaign was strongly endorsed by then mayor Frank Einsweiler. Since that time the face of Galena has changed a great deal. Long standing businesses in the downtown area including Stair's Grocery, Sullivan's Grocery, Clingman's Pharmacy, and Hartig's Drugs have closed downtown location. Clingman's and Hartig's have relocated to locations on the outskirts of Galena while Stair's and Sullivan's closed their doors for good.Fact|date=May 2008

Geography

Galena is located at coor dms|42|25|5|N|90|25|53|W|city (42.418171, -90.431472)GR|1. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 3.7 square miles (9.7 km²). Galena is situated along the Galena River, which is one of many tributaries of the Mississippi River.cite web |author= QuincyNet |date= August 2, 2005 |title= "Galena" |accessmonthday= April 13|accessyear= 2007 |url= http://www.quincynet.com/daytrips/galena/index.htm ]

Galena is located in the Driftless Zone, an area that was not covered by glaciers during the recent ice ages.cite web |author= City of Galena |title= "History" |accessmonthday= April 13|accessyear= 2007 |url= http://www.cityofgalena.org/history.cfm ] This area, which includes the far northwestern corner of the state of Illinois, escaped glaciation, even while almost the entire state was glaciated, nearly to its southern tip.cite web |author= Illinois Department of Natural Resources |date= 2007 |title= "Illinois' Natural Divisions" |accessmonthday= April 13|accessyear= 2007 |url= http://dnr.state.il.us/lands/education/biodiversity/glaciation.htm ] Because it escaped glaciation, this area is known for its hills, valleys, bluffs and large amounts of exposed rock.

Floods

Due to the city's proximity to the Galena River, buildings have been threatened on numerous occasions by flooding.cite web |author= Galena Historical Society |date= June 21, 2006 |title= "A Timeline of Galena History" |accessmonthday= April 13|accessyear= 2007 |url= http://www.galenahistorymuseum.org/timeline.htm ] Galena's Congressman, Leo E. Allen, helped acquire funding for city floodgates which were added in 1951. The following were significant, recorded floods:
*Galena's first recorded flood was in 1828. Water was high enough to allow steamboats to travel on city streets.
*In 1937, a large flood inundated Main Street with up to five feet of water causing serious damage to downtown buildings.
*Almost eight feet of water threatened downtown Galena in 1993, but was stopped by the city's floodgates. Late spring season rainfall led the Mississippi and Galena Rivers to their highest recorded levels.cite web |last= Maier |first= David |date= April 17, 1998 |title= "Wisconsin Journal, Number 26" |accessmonthday= April 13|accessyear= 2007 |url= http://www.cse.ogi.edu/~maier/wisc-journal/j26.txt ]

Climate

Infobox Weather
metric_first=yes
single_line=yes
location = Galena, Illinois
Jan_Hi_°C =-3 |Jan_REC_Hi_°C =
Feb_Hi_°C =-1 |Feb_REC_Hi_°C =
Mar_Hi_°C = 7 |Mar_REC_Hi_°C =
Apr_Hi_°C = 15 |Apr_REC_Hi_°C =
May_Hi_°C = 22 |May_REC_Hi_°C =
Jun_Hi_°C = 27 |Jun_REC_Hi_°C =
Jul_Hi_°C = 29 |Jul_REC_Hi_°C =
Aug_Hi_°C = 28 |Aug_REC_Hi_°C =
Sep_Hi_°C = 23 |Sep_REC_Hi_°C =
Oct_Hi_°C = 17 |Oct_REC_Hi_°C =
Nov_Hi_°C = 7 |Nov_REC_Hi_°C =
Dec_Hi_°C =-2 |Dec_REC_Hi_°C =
Year_Hi_°C = |Year_REC_Hi_°C =
Jan_Lo_°C =-13 |Jan_REC_Lo_°C =
Feb_Lo_°C =-10 |Feb_REC_Lo_°C =
Mar_Lo_°C =-4 |Mar_REC_Lo_°C =
Apr_Lo_°C = 2 |Apr_REC_Lo_°C =
May_Lo_°C = 8 |May_REC_Lo_°C =
Jun_Lo_°C =14 |Jun_REC_Lo_°C =
Jul_Lo_°C =17 |Jul_REC_Lo_°C =
Aug_Lo_°C =16 |Aug_REC_Lo_°C =
Sep_Lo_°C =11 |Sep_REC_Lo_°C =
Oct_Lo_°C = 4 |Oct_REC_Lo_°C =
Nov_Lo_°C =-3 |Nov_REC_Lo_°C =
Dec_Lo_°C =-9 |Dec_REC_Lo_°C =
Year_Lo_°C = |Year_REC_Lo_°C =

Jan_Precip_cm = |Jan_Precip_mm =29
Feb_Precip_cm = |Feb_Precip_mm =32
Mar_Precip_cm = |Mar_Precip_mm =57.9
Apr_Precip_cm = |Apr_Precip_mm =84.1
May_Precip_cm = |May_Precip_mm =94.7
Jun_Precip_cm = |Jun_Precip_mm =116.3
Jul_Precip_cm = |Jul_Precip_mm =84.8
Aug_Precip_cm = |Aug_Precip_mm =111.3
Sep_Precip_cm = |Sep_Precip_mm =91.9
Oct_Precip_cm = |Oct_Precip_mm =63.8
Nov_Precip_cm = |Nov_Precip_mm =65.5
Dec_Precip_cm = |Dec_Precip_mm =41.1
Year_Precip_cm = |Year_Precip_mm =
source =weather.comcite web
url = http://www.weather.com/outlook/travel/businesstraveler/wxclimatology/monthly/graph/USIL0438?from=search| title = Monthly Averages for Galena, IL | accessmonthday = | accessyear = 2008
publisher =
]
accessdate = 2008-02-28

Galena Territory

The Galena Territory is a private convert|6800|acre|km2|0|sing=on development located several miles southeast of downtown Galena. The territory, which is managed by a homeowners association, has set aside 1,500 acres (6 km²) of protected recreational land.cite web |author= The Galena Territory Association |date= January 4, 2007 |title= "Greenspace & Trails" |accessmonthday= January 4|accessyear= 2007 |url= http://www.thegalenaterritory.com/amen_greenspace.cfm ] cite web |author= The Galena Territory Association |date= January 4, 2007 |title= "Association Info" |accessmonthday= January 4|accessyear= 2007 |url= http://www.thegalenaterritory.com/assoc.cfm ] The remainder is filled with low-density residential development and the Eagle Ridge Resort & Spa. The resort is best known for its 63 holes of championship golf.

Tourism

Galena is a very popular tourist destination hosting well over one million visitors each year." [http://www.cityofgalena.org/forms/zoning/CompPlanCh2.pdf Economic Development] : Approved comprehensive plan, City of Galena, Illinois", (2003, April 15).] Galena is also popular with Chicagoans, many of whom keep second homes in the area.cite web |author= Road Trip America |date= November 1, 2005 |title= "Tritowns" |accessmonthday= April 13|accessyear= 2007 |url= http://www.hackwriters.com/tritowns.htm ] Solomon, A. (2005, June 5). Back to Galena. "Chicago Tribune", pp. 1, Travel.]

Cityscape

Eighty-five percent of the structures in Galena are listed on the National Register of Historic Places which greatly contributes to the city's popularity. The Old Market House State Historic Site, built in 1845, is a museum of local social history. Main Street in downtown Galena has a large number of specialty shops and restaurants and is home to the Galena Cellers winery. Galena's Saint Michael's Church was founded by the pioneer priest Father Samuel Mazzuchelli. The church is named after one of the three Archangels. Opened in 1855, the downtown Desoto House Hotel, is the oldest operating hotel in Illinois.cite web |author= DeSoto House Hotel |title= "DeSoto House Hotel History" |accessmonthday= January 4|accessyear= 2007 |url= http://www.desotohouse.com/history.php ] There are also several resorts and golf courses located in and around Galena including the Eagle Ridge Resort & Spa and the Chestnut Mountain Ski Resort.cite web |author= Eagle Ridge Resort & Spa |title= "About Eagle Ridge Resort & Spa" |accessmonthday= January 4|accessyear= 2007 |url= http://www.eagleridgeresortonline.com/AboutUs.cfm ] cite web |author= Chestnut Mountain Resort |title= "About us" |accessmonthday= January 4|accessyear= 2007 |url= http://www.chestnutmtn.com/winter/about.cfm ]

Education

Galena is home to Galena High School (Illinois). From 2007, Highland Community College started to offer classes in the city.

Galena High School football has experienced great success since 1985. Galena has qualified for the state 1A and 2A playoffs every year except four since 1985 and won the state 1A championship in 1997, 2003, and 2007. The Pirates are now coached by Ed Freed and his career record is 49-14 in 6 years. The pirates' rivalries include the East Dubuque Warriors and Stockton Blackhawks, in recent years the Pirate football team has built a rivalry with Milledgeville.

Demographics

As of the censusGR|2 of 2000, there were 3,460 people, 1,570 households, and 893 families residing in the city. The population density was 926.4 people per square mile (358.2/km²). There were 1,821 housing units at an average density of 487.6/sq mi (188.5/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 97.54% White, 0.32% African American, 0.09% Native American, 0.32% Asian, 1.16% from other races, and 0.58% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 5.06% of the population.

There were 1,570 households out of which 20.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.7% were married couples living together, 8.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 43.1% were non-families. 37.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 17.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.15 and the average family size was 2.81.In the city the population was spread out with 18.7% under the age of 18, 8.3% from 18 to 24, 24.4% from 25 to 44, 26.4% from 45 to 64, and 22.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 44 years. For every 100 females there were 94.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.5 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $36,103, and the median income for a family was $44,063. Males had a median income of $32,172 versus $19,670 for females. The per capita income for the city was $19,773. About 4.3% of families and 9.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.8% of those under age 18 and 9.3% of those age 65 or over.

ee also

*Elihu Benjamin Washburne House
*Galena Historic District

Notes

External links

* [http://www.cityofgalena.org/ City website]
* [http://www.galena.org/ Galena Convention & Visitors Bureau]


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

См. также в других словарях:

  • Galena (Illinois) — Galena Downtown Galena Lage in Illinois …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Galena (Illinois) — Galena Ciudad de los Estados Unidos …   Wikipedia Español

  • Galena (Illinois) — 42° 25′ 05″ N 90° 25′ 09″ W / 42.41805556, 90.41916667 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Old Market House (Galena, Illinois) — Old Market House U.S. National Register of Historic Places U.S. Historic district Contributing property …   Wikipedia

  • Flag of Galena, Illinois — The official flag of Galena, Illinois was adopted by the city of Galena in 1976 to symbolize mining, agriculture, steamboats, and the 9 American Civil War generals from the city.ee also*Galena, Illinois *Flag …   Wikipedia

  • Lake Galena (Illinois) — Infobox lake |lake name = Lake Galena image lake = LakeGalena GalenaTerritory GalenaIllinois.jpg caption lake = image bathymetry = caption bathymetry = coords = coord|42|24|26|N|90|20|30|W|type:waterbody region:US IL|display=inline,title location …   Wikipedia

  • Galena (disambiguation) — Galena is a mineral and an important lead ore.Galena may also refer to:*Places in the United States: **Galena, Alaska **Galena, Illinois **Galena, Indiana **Galena, Kansas **Galena, Maryland **Galena, Missouri **Galena, Ohio **Galena Hill,… …   Wikipedia

  • Galena — steht für: die alte römische Bezeichnung für das Mineral Galenit (Bleiglanz) Orte in den Vereinigten Staaten: Galena (Arizona) Galena (Arkansas) Galena (Colorado) Galena (Idaho) Galena (Illinois) Galena (Indiana) Galena (Kansas) Galena (Maryland) …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Galena High School — may refer to one of several high schools in the [United States: *Galena Junior/Senior High School mdash; Galena, Alaska *Galena High School (Illinois) mdash; Galena, Illinois *Galena High School (Kansas) mdash; Galena, Kansas *Galena High School… …   Wikipedia

  • Illinois locations by per capita income — Illinois is the eleventh richest state in the United States of America, with a per capita income of $23,104 (2000). Illinois Places by Per Capita Income # Kenilworth, Illinois ndash; $101,086 # Glencoe, Illinois ndash; $84,134 # North Barrington …   Wikipedia


Поделиться ссылкой на выделенное

Прямая ссылка:
Нажмите правой клавишей мыши и выберите «Копировать ссылку»