Commanding General of the United States Army

Commanding General of the United States Army

Prior to the institution of the Chief of Staff of the United States Army in 1903, there was generally a single senior-most officer in the army. From 1783, he was known simply as the Senior Officer of the United States Army, but in 1821, the title was changed to Commanding General of the United States Army. The position was abolished with the creation of the Chief of Staff of the United States Army in 1903.

Contents

United States Army Commanding Generals

Continental Army General and Commander-in-Chief

# Name Photo Term began Term ended Notes
1. MG George Washington Portrait of George Washington.jpeg June 15, 1775 December 23, 1783 Resigned at the end of the American Revolutionary War

United States Army Senior Officer

# Name Photo Term began Term ended Notes
1. MG Henry Knox HenryKnoxSmall.jpg December 23, 1783 June 20, 1784
2. MAJ John Doughty JohnDoughty.jpg June 20, 1784 August 12, 1784 Served when all of the Army but 80 men was discharged
3. BG Josiah Harmar Josiah Harmar by Raphaelle Peale.jpeg August 12, 1784 March 4, 1791
4. MG Arthur St. Clair ArthurStClairOfficialPortrait.jpg March 4, 1791 March 5, 1792
5. MG Anthony Wayne Anthony Wayne.jpg April 13, 1792 December 15, 1796 Died in office
6. BG James Wilkinson James Wilkinson.jpg December 15, 1796 July 13, 1798
7. LTG George Washington Portrait of George Washington.jpeg July 13, 1798 December 14, 1799 Died in office
8. MG Alexander Hamilton Alexander Hamilton portrait by John Trumbull 1806.jpg December 14, 1799 June 15, 1800
9. BG James Wilkinson James Wilkinson.jpg June 15, 1800 January 27, 1812
10. MG Henry Dearborn Henry Dearborn.jpg January 27, 1812 June 15, 1815
11. MG Jacob Brown Jacob Jennings Brown.jpg June 15, 1815 June 1821

Commanding General

# Name Photo Term began Term ended Notes
1. MG Jacob Brown Jacob Jennings Brown.jpg June 1821 February 24, 1828 Died in office
2. MG Alexander Macomb AlexanderMacomb.jpg May 29, 1828 June 25, 1841 Died in office
3. Brevet LTG Winfield Scott GenWScott-engraving.jpg July 5, 1841 November 1, 1861
4. MG George B. McClellan GeorgeMcClellan.jpeg November 1, 1861 March 11, 1862 [1]
5. MG Henry Wager Halleck Henry Wager Halleck - Brady-Handy.jpg July 23, 1862 March 9, 1864
6. GEN Ulysses S. Grant GenUSGrant.jpg March 9, 1864 March 4, 1869 Resigned to become the 18th President of the United States
7. GEN William Tecumseh Sherman William-Tecumseh-Sherman.jpg March 8, 1869 November 1, 1883
8. GEN Philip Sheridan Philip Sheridan 1.jpg November 1, 1883 August 5, 1888 Died in office
9. LTG John Schofield SchofieldOfficialPortrait.jpg August 14, 1888 September 29, 1895
10. LTG Nelson A. Miles NelsonMiles.jpg October 5, 1895 August 8, 1903

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Eicher, Civil War High Commands. The gap from March 11, 1862, to July 23, 1862, was filled with direct control of the army by President Abraham Lincoln and Secretary of War Edwin M. Stanton, with the help of an unofficial "War Board" that was established on March 17, 1862. The board consisted of Ethan A. Hitchcock, the chairman, with Department of War bureau chiefs Lorenzo Thomas, Montgomery C. Meigs, Joseph G. Totten, James W. Ripley, and Joseph P. Taylor.

References

Further reading



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