- Yaakov Yitzchak of Lublin
Yaakov Yitzchak of Lublin, also Jacob Isaac of Lublin, or Y. Y. Horowitz (Polish: Jakub Izaak Horowicz, Hebrew: יעקב יצחק הורוביץ), known as "The Chozeh of Lublin" (החוזה מלובלין, The Seer of Lublin), or simply as the "Chozeh", (1745-July 15, 1815) was a Hasidic rebbe from Poland.
A leading figure in the early Hasidic movement, he became known as the chozeh, which means "seer" or "visionary" in Hebrew, due to his great intuitive powers. He was a disciple of the Maggid of Mezritch. He continued his studies under Rabbi Shmelke of Nilkolsburg and Rabbi Elimelech of Lizhensk. He lived for a while in Lantzut before moving to Lublin.
After Yaakov Yitzchak moved to Lublin, thousands of Hasidim flocked to learn from him. Among his discples were such Hasidic luminaries as the Yid Hakodesh ("The Holy Jew"), Rabbi Simcha Bunim of Peshischa, Rabbi Meir of Apta, Rabbi David of Lelov, the Yismach Moshe, Rabbi Tzvi Elimelech of Dinov, Rabbi Naftali Zvi of Ropshitz, the Ma'or Vashemesh, and Sar Shalom of Belz. During his stay in Lublin Yaakov Yitzchak was opposed by a prominent rabbi, Rabbi Ezriel Horowitz.
He was injured in a fall from a window on Simchat Torah, and died almost a year later on Tisha B'av  from injuries relating to this fall. Hasidic lore has it that he was dragged through the window by angels (or demons).
On the day he died, July 15, 1815 (9th of Av, 5575, on the Hebrew Calendar), he allegedly prophesized that 100 years from that day (according to the Hebrew Calendar), the Russians would lose their reign over Poland. On July 20, 1915 (the 9th of Av, 5675 on the Hebrew Calendar), the Austrians conquered Lublin, and the Chozeh's prophecy was noted in the Polish newspapers.
His writings are contained in four books:
- Divrei Emet
- Zot Zikaron
- Zikaron Zot
- Zikaron Tov
In a compilation of these works, entitled Torat HaChozeh MiLublin, his commentaries are arranged alphabetically according to topics and according to the weekly Torah portion.
- ^ 'Codex Judaica' M.Kantor, p.261
- Glenn Dynner. Men of Silk: The Hasidic Conquest of Polish Jewish Society, Oxford University Press, 2006.
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Yaakov Yitzchak Horowitz — … Wikipédia en Français
Lublin (disambiguation) — Lublin is the name of a number of people, places and things, all named after the city of Lublin, Poland:Communities*Lublin, Wisconsinports teams*Bystrzyca Lublin a women s handball team *Start Lublin a men s basketball teamPeople*Biernat of… … Wikipedia
Lublin — Infobox Settlement name = Lublin imagesize = 250px image caption = Old Town image shield = POL Lublin COA 1.svg pushpin pushpin label position = bottom subdivision type = Country subdivision name = POL subdivision type1 = Voivodeship subdivision… … Wikipedia
Seher von Lublin — Jaakow Jizchak Horowitz (1745–1815; andere Schreibweisen sind polnisch: Jakub Izaak Horowicz, Ivrit: יעקב יצחק הורוביץ; Jakob Izchak Horovitz, Yaakov Yitzchak of Lublin, Jacob Isaac von Lublin oder Y. Y. Horowitz), später auch der Seher oder… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Biala (Hasidic dynasty) — The Biala (or Byala, Biale) Hasidic dynasty originated from Poland. The Rebbes of Biala are descended from Rabbi Yaakov Yitzchok Rabinowicz, known as the Yid Hakodosh ( The Holy Jew ).LineageThe Biala dynasty is part of the Prshiskhe dynasty… … Wikipedia
Munkacs (Hasidic dynasty) — Grand Rabbi Chaim Elazar Spira, Munkacser Rebbe, author of Minchas Elozor … Wikipedia
Jakob Izchak Horovitz — Jaakow Jizchak Horowitz (1745–1815; andere Schreibweisen sind polnisch: Jakub Izaak Horowicz, Ivrit: יעקב יצחק הורוביץ; Jakob Izchak Horovitz, Yaakov Yitzchak of Lublin, Jacob Isaac von Lublin oder Y. Y. Horowitz), später auch der Seher oder… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Satmar (Hasidic dynasty) — Satmar (or Satmar Hasidism or Satmarer Hasidism) (חסידות סאטמאר) is a Hasidic movement of mostly Hungarian and Romanian Hasidic Jews who survived World War II. It was founded and led by the late Hungarian born [cite web|title=New York City… … Wikipedia
Zidichov (Hasidic dynasty) — Ziditshov is a Hasidic dynasty originating in town Ziditshov (as known in Yiddish; or Zhydachiv in Ukrainian), in Galicia (a province of the former Austro Hungarian Empire). It was founded by Rebbe Tzvi Hirsh of Ziditshov. Today, the few who… … Wikipedia
Tzvi Hirsh of Zidichov — Tzvi Hirsh, born 1763 in Sambor and died in Zidichov 1831, was a Hasidic rabbi and the founder of the Zidichov Hasidic Judaism dynasty in Zidichov. He was a disciple of Rabbi Yaakov Yitzchak of Lublin the Seer of Lublin ( Chozeh of Lublin ). He… … Wikipedia