infobox UK place
population=4,622 [ [http://www.neighbourhood.statistics.gov.uk/dissemination/LeadTableView.do?a=3&b=5939093&c=llanbradach&d=14&e=16&g=420138&i=1001x1003x1004&m=0&enc=1&dsFamilyId=75 Llanbradach (Ward)] , 2001 Census: Census Area Statistics: "National Statistics", UK government. Retrieved
August 11 2007.]
Llanbradach is a small
villageless than 3 miles north of Caerphilly. It is mostly residential, and contains one pub, a primary school, a small local shopping area, a recreation ground, a library, two doctor's surgeries, and a youth centre. Being a traditional long and narrow South Wales Valleysvillage, its potential for expansion is restricted by the river on its eastern side and the hillside to the west.
The village is served by
Llanbradach railway station.
Ordinarily, "Llan" means
churchor parish, but in this case the origin of the name may come from "Nant Bradach", which means "the banks of river Bradach" ("Bradach" is an Irish word meaning robbing or pilfering). Alternatively, the Welsh word "brad" (treachery or deceit) could have been coupled with the Irish "-ach" suffix (stream or river), creating "a treacherous stream" - possibly one that is prone to sudden, destructive floods. The name is thought to have come into being from around 1597.
The coal mine was opened in the 1890s, and reached peak
coal miningproduction in the 1930s, but was shut down in 1961. A number of old mine buildings are still visible to the rear of the village. [ [http://www.minersadvice.co.uk/wales_llanbradach.htm Llanbradach Colliery info] : "MinersAdvice.co.uk" website.]
Barry Railwaycircumvented the town of Caerphilly, and crossed the Rhymney Valleyby means of the Llanbradach viaduct. The construction of this viaduct, near Pwllypant, was crucial to the establishment of the busy coal port, which dealt with nearly 4000 ships a year at its peak.
The Llanbradach viaduct was de-commissioned in the early 1930s, and was removed to be sold for scrap in 1937, as was the
Penyrheolviaduct. All that remains is a single brick arch toward the western end of where the viaduct had been. A short part of the trackbed can still be seen near Energlyn. The rest of the trackbed was incorporated into the A468 Caerphilly bypass road. The line carried on through Ty Rhiw, and on to the Walnut Tree Viaduct, which itself was largely dismantled in 1969. It was originally built, along with the Garth tunnel, for the Barry Railway's Cadoxtonto Llanbradach line, and the viaduct eased the incline between the Taff Valley and Caerphilly for heavy goods trains. There were no formal passenger stations along this stretch.
When the route closed in 1958 as part of the national re-organisation of the railways, the subsequent destruction of the
Ty'n y Caeausignal box meant the loss of the viaduct in 1965. All that remain are an abutment, an angled pillar and the Taff Bank pier. The latter structure was used in 1977 for the display of messages of goodwill for the Silver Jubilee of Queen Elizabeth. Most of the remaining trackbed is now incorporated into the Taff Trail.
Workmen's Welfare Hall and Institute
The original Llanbradach Workmen's Institute, built in the 1900s, was constructed of timber and corrugated iron, and previously fulfilled the functions of
village hall, school and a place for religious gatherings. A committee was set up in 1910 to organise the replacement of the old structure with a modern stone building. The new building opened in 1913, and among the amenities available to the workmen were a snooker room, a small cinema, and a reading room and library.
The hall remained in use certainly until the early 1980's (albeit in a declining state). It housed the village library, a billiards room and possibly as a boxing gym and for theatrical productions by the local Coed-Y-Brain school. It was demolished at some point around the turn of the 21st Century and is now a car park.
The highest-ranked club in the village is Llanbradach Social F.C., who have 2 senior sides, with the first team playing in the first division of the South Wales FA Senior League (having won promotion from the South Wales Senior League Division 2 and Taff-Ely League the last 2 seasons) and the second team playing in the Taff-Ely Rhymney Valley League. [ [http://www.freewebs.com/llanbradachsocialfc Llanbradach Social F.C.] : their own website.] There are also more than 35 junior football clubs in the
county borough, catering for various ages from Under 7s to Under 16s. [ [http://llanbradachceltsfc.co.uk/default.aspx Llanbradach Celts F.C.] : their own website.] These clubs either play in the Rhymney Taff Ely League (affiliated to the South Wales F.A.) or the Islwyn League (affiliated to the Gwent F.A.).
Rugby union, Netball, Bowls[ [http://www.llanbradachbowls.com/ Llanbradach bowls] : "LlanbradachBowls.com" website.] and Hockeyare other popular sports in the Llanbradach locality. [ [http://www.caerphilly.gov.uk/home/index.htm Caerphilly County Borough Council] Homepage.] [ [http://search2.openobjects.com/kbroker/caerphil/caerphil/en/search.sim?qt=llanbradach&sr=0&nh=10&cs=iso-8859-1&sc=caerphil&sm=0&ha=203&mt=1&to=0 Caerphilly County Borough Council] search facility.]
* [http://www.francisfrith.com/search/wales/mid+glamorgan/llanbradach/photos/llanbradach_L283006.htm Llanbradach main street in c.1955]
* [http://www.bbc.co.uk/wales/coalhouse/sites/ugc/pages/119392745226008961282.shtml Memories of Llanbradach on the BBC]
* [http://www.welshcoalmines.co.uk/GlamEast/Llanbradach.htm Llanbradach pit on Welsh Coal Mines website]
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