- Royal Botanic Gardens, Melbourne
Royal Botanic Gardens Melbourne Type Public Park Location Melbourne, Australia Size 36 hectares Opened 1846 Operated by Board of the Royal Botanic Gardens Annual visitors 1 million (aprox) Status Open (7:30-9am to sunset) Terrain Low undulating hills Vegetation Australian Native, Lawns, Non-native traditional gardens Water Yarra River, Ornamental Lake, Nymphaea Lake Paths Sealed Facilities Information centre, Gift shop, Toilets, Barbecues, Shelter, Cafe and Tea rooms Landmarks Yarra River, Ornamental Lake, National Herbarium Connecting Transport Train, Tram, Bus, Car
The Royal Botanic Gardens Melbourne are internationally renowned botanical gardens located near the centre of Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, on the south bank of the Yarra River. They are 38 hectares of landscaped gardens consisting of a mix of native and non-native vegetation including over 10,000 individual species. They are widely regarded as the finest botanical gardens in Australia, and among the best in the world. However, the gardens are also noted for their historical contribution to the introduction of invasive species.
The Royal Botanic Gardens have a second division in the outer Melbourne suburb of Cranbourne, some 45 km south-east of the city. The 363 hectare Royal Botanic Gardens, Cranbourne have a focus solely on Australian native plants, and feature an award-winning special section called the Australian Garden, which was opened in May 2006.
The Royal Botanic Gardens Melbourne are adjacent to a larger group of parklands directly south-east of the city, between St. Kilda Road and the Yarra River known as the Domain Parklands, which includes;
- 1 Governance and history
- 2 Horticulture
- 3 Ecology
- 4 Education and visitor information
- 5 The Ian Potter Foundation Children's Garden
- 6 The Tan
- 7 Problems at the Botanic Gardens
- 8 Gallery
- 9 References
- 10 External links
Governance and history
The gardens are governed under the Royal Botanic Gardens Act 1991 by the Royal Botanic Gardens Board, who are responsible to the Minister for Environment.
In 1873 William Guilfoyle became Director and changed the style of the Gardens to something more like the picturesque gardens that were around at that time. He added tropical and temperate plants.
In 1877 Sir Edmund Barton, Australia's first Prime Minister and Jane Ross were married at the Royal Botanic Gardens.
In 1924 a shooting massacre occurred at the Gardens resulting in the death of four people.
Living collections at the Botanic Gardens include Australian Forest Walk, California Garden, Cacti and Succulents, Camellia Collection, Cycad Collection, Eucalypts, Fern Gully, Grey Garden, Herb Garden, Long Island, New Caledonia Collection, New Zealand Collection, Oak Lawn, Perennial Border, Roses, Southern China Collection, Tropical Display-Glasshouse, Viburnum Collection and Water Conservation Garden.
These plant groups have been chosen for their value, rarity, diversity and interest.
The gardens include a mixture of native and non-native vegetation which invariably hosts a diverse range of both native and non-native fauna. The gardens host over 10,000 floral species, the majority being non-native species. The gardens were the origin from which many introduced species spread throughout south-eastern Australia as seeds were traded between early European botanists in the mid-19th century, studying the Australian flora.
From the gardens establishment in 1846, much of the native vegetation was removed as botanists such as Baron Von Mueller planted a range of species from around the world. While initially much of the native wetlands and swamplands in the gardens were left, around the turn of the 20th century these were re-landscaped to create the Ornamental Lake. Despite this however, there are some large eucalypts remaining including the prominent Separation Tree, a 300-year-old River Red Gum, under which Victoria was declared a separate colony. In August 2010 the Separation Tree was attacked by vandals and it is not clear if it will survive. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Cranbourne focus solely on Australian native plants.
Non-native traditional gardens
The Royal Botanic Gardens Melbourne were initially intended to be a horticultural exhibition for the public to enjoy, many seeds were traded between early European botanists such as Arthur and Von Mueller, who planted non-native species. The Queen and her grandfather, Dame Nellie Melba and Paderewski contributed plantings on occasions throughout the gardens history. Much of the gardens have been separated into themed sections such as:
- Herb Garden
- Arid Garden
- Fern Gully
- Rose Garden
The gardens host areas of non-native tough-wearing lawns of various sizes that are carefully maintained;
- Huntingford Lawn
- Hopetoun Lawn
- Northern Lawn
- Tennyson Lawn
- Princes Lawn
- Central Lawn
- Western Lawn
- Eastern Lawn
- Oak Lawn
- Southern Lawn
- Australian Lawn
Since its earliest days, the Royal Botanic Gardens is involved in plant research and identification. This is done primarily through the National Herbarium of Victoria, which is based at the Gardens. The Herbarium is also home to the State Botanical Collection, which includes over 1.2 million dried plant specimens, and an extensive collection of books, journals and artworks. Research findings are published in the journal Mulleria, which is a scientific representation of the work done in the Gardens in any one year. More recently, the Australian Research Centre for Urban Ecology has been established to look at plants which grow in urban environments specifically.
Education and visitor information
The Gardens are open every day of the year at 7.30am and close at dusk.
The Gardens Visitor Centre is open seven days a week:
- Weekdays 9.00am – 5.00pm
- Weekends 9.30am – 5.00pm
Transport The Gardens are a 15-minute walk or 5-minute tram ride from Flinders Street Station to the Domain Road Interchange on tram routes 3, 5, 8, 16, 64, 67. Street parking is available for 2- to 4-hour periods.
The Ian Potter Foundation Children's Garden
The 5,000 square metre Ian Potter Foundation Children's Garden is designed as a discovery area for children of all ages and abilities. The Ian Potter Children's Garden is based in South Yarra, off the main site. This area is closed for two months of the year from the end of Victorian July school holidays for rest and maintenance.
There is a 3.8-km running track parallel to the perimeter fence of the Botanic Gardens. Officially termed The Tan Track as it has a surface of tan-coloured stone aggregate, it is more commonly and affectionately known as The Tan.
The Tan originally served as a horse track for Melbourne's well-heeled, and is now one of Melbourne's most frequented locations for joggers. Locals, visitors and famous alike now share the space as its international reputation has grown. The Tan is often used in training by professional athletes, such as AFL footballers, particularly during pre-season time-trials. Running greats such as Hicham El Guerrouj, Steve Ovett, Cathy Freeman, and Sonia O'Sullivan have all rubbed shoulders with the general public on The Tan.
The quickest lap of the Tan has been held by such notable Australian runners as Robert de Castella and Steve Moneghetti (10:41, 2003). The current record is 10 minutes and 12 seconds, run by Craig Mottram in 2004. On the 21st of December, 2006, Craig Mottram unofficially broke his personal best time around the tan, running a scorching 10 minutes and 8 seconds while running with the Richmond Football Club during their pre-season training. He gave the footballers a two-and-a-half minute head start and still managed to beat them comprehensively.
The inaugural Go the Tan run was held in early February 2006, and provides the opportunity for participants to run, jog or walk around The Tan and receive an official time.
Problems at the Botanic Gardens
Important problems for the Botanic Gardens have included unwanted plant and animal life which interferes significantly with the management of the gardens. There are also problems with water conservation.
Beginning in 2002, the Royal Botanic Gardens had significant problems managing an increasing population of Grey-headed Flying Foxes. It culminated in damaged trees and habitat. The Royal Botanic Gardens managed this by moving the flying foxes to Horseshoe Bend in Ivanhoe, and by disturbing the flying foxes and providing a familiar environment.
In regard to weeds (always a problem with a botanic gardens of this size) the Botanic Gardens developed a strategic plan in 2004 to minimise weed infestations by educating the public and management, and to help conserve the indigenous and other species.
Albert Park · Alexandra Gardens · Birrarung Marr · Brimbank Park · Carlton Gardens · Cremorne Gardens · Edinburgh Gardens · Fawkner Park · Fitzroy Gardens · Flagstaff Gardens · Footscray Park · Hedgeley Dene Gardens · Jells Park · Keilor Botanic Gardens · Kings Domain · Princes Park · Queen Victoria Gardens · Royal Botanic Gardens, Cranbourne · Royal Botanic Gardens, Melbourne · Royal Park · Ruffey Lake Park · St Kilda Botanic Gardens · St Vincent Gardens · Wattle Park · Westerfolds Park · Yarra Park
- ^ Massacre at the Botanical Gardens Accessed 24 September 2007
- ^ Police probe 'sickening' attack on historic tree - ABC News, accessed 2 September 2010
- ^ "The Ian Potter Foundation Children's Garden". Royal Botanic Gardens Official Website. Royal Botanic Gardens, Melbourne. no date. http://www.rbg.vic.gov.au/rbg_melbourne/ian_potter_foundation_childrens_garden. Retrieved 2008-07-30.
- ^ Stevens, Michael (2006-12-22). "Mottram gives Tigers a tanning". Herald Sun (Herald and Weekly Times). http://www.news.com.au/heraldsun/sport/afl/story/0,,20961873-19771,00.html. Retrieved 2008-07-30.
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Royal Botanic Gardens — may refer to: *Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, England * Royal Botanic Gardens, Edinburgh, Scotland *Royal Botanic Gardens, Cranbourne, Victoria, Australia *Royal Botanic Gardens, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia *Royal Botanic Gardens, Sydney, NSW,… … Wikipedia
Royal Botanic Gardens — bezeichnet Royal Botanic Gardens (Kew) Royal Botanic Gardens (Melbourne) Royal Botanic Gardens (Peradeniya) Royal Botanic Gardens (Sydney) Diese Seite ist eine Begriffsklärung zur Unterschei … Deutsch Wikipedia
Royal Botanic Gardens, Cranbourne — Panoramic view of the Red Sand Garden, Australian Garden, Royal Botanic Gardens, Cranbourne, Victoria, Australia … Wikipedia
Royal Botanic Gardens and National Herbarium of Victoria — ▪ garden, South Yarra, Victoria, Australia one of the world s best designed botanical gardens, located in South Yarra, near Melbourne, Australia. Founded in 1845, this state supported institution occupies an 87 acre (35 hectare) site along… … Universalium
Royal Botanical Gardens — might refer to:* Royal Botanical Gardens, Ontario in Canada * Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh in Scotland * Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew in England * Royal Botanic Gardens, Melbourne in Australia * Royal Botanic Gardens, Cranbourne in Australia *… … Wikipedia
Queen Victoria Gardens, Melbourne — The Queen Victoria Gardens are Melbourne s memorial to Queen Victoria. Located on 4.8 hectares (12 acres) opposite the Victorian Arts Centre and National Gallery of Victoria, bounded by St Kilda Road, Alexandra Avenue and Linlithgow avenue, it… … Wikipedia
Cremorne Gardens, Melbourne — Paddlesteamer Gondola on its way to Cremorne Gardens 1855 near the original Princes Bridge, Melbourne … Wikipedia
Treasury Gardens, Melbourne — The Treasury Gardens consist of 5.8 hectares (14.4 acres) on the south eastern side of the Melbourne Central Business District, East Melbourne, Victoria, Australia. The gardens are bounded by Wellington Parade, Spring Street, Treasury Place, and… … Wikipedia
St Kilda Botanic Gardens — St Kilda Botanical Gardens are located in the suburb of St Kilda, Victoria, Australia.FeaturesRegistered with Heritage Victoria, the 6 hectare gardens contain approximately 810 mature tree specimens of which eight are registered as significant… … Wikipedia
Fitzroy Gardens, Melbourne — The Fitzroy Gardens are 26 hectares (64 acres) located on the southeastern edge of the Melbourne Central Business District in East Melbourne, Victoria, Australia. The gardens are bounded by Clarendon Street, Albert Street, Lansdowne Street, and… … Wikipedia