Kachin Independence Organisation

Kachin Independence Organisation

The Kachin Independence Organisation, KIO (established on February 5, 1961) is an insurgent political organisation of Kachins (Jingpo) in Burma (or Myanmar) which effectively controlled the Kachin State (excluding major cities and the railway) during 1960s-1990s until the cease-fire with the Myanmar government. Its military wing was the Kachin Independent Army (KIA).

After the cease-fire, both KIO and KIA splintered many competing factions.


*Martin Smith, "Burma: Insurgency and the Politics of Ethnicity"
* Edmund Ronald Leach, "Political Systems of Highland Burma: A Study of Kachin Social Structure"

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