Bone Gap, Illinois


Bone Gap, Illinois

Geobox City
name = Bone Gap
native_name =
other_name =
other_name1 =
category = Village


image_size =
image_caption =
flag_type =


flag_size =
symbol_type =
symbol =
symbol_size =
nickname =
motto =
country = United States
state = Illinois
region_type = County
region = Edwards
district =
part_type =
part_count =
part =
part1 =
area_imperial = 0.6
area_land_imperial = 0.6
area_water_imperial =
area_round = 2
area_water_percentage = auto
area_percentage_round = 2
location =
lat_d = 38
lat_m = 26
lat_s = 49
lat_NS = N
long_d = 87
long_m = 59
long_s = 47
long_EW = W
elevation_imperial =
elevation_round = 1
population_as_of = 2000
population = 272
population_density_imperial = 450.5
population_density_round = 1
population_metro =
government =
established_type =
established =
leader_type =
mayor =
timezone = CST
utc_offset = -6
timezone_DST = CDT
utc_offset_DST = -5
postal_code = 62815
postal_code_type = ZIP code
area_code = 618
area_code_type = Area code
code2_type =
code2 =
free_type =
free =
free1_type =
free1 =


map_size =
map_caption = Location of Bone Gap within Illinois
map_locator = Illinois
map_locator_x =
map_locator_y =
map1 = Map of USA IL.svg
map1_caption = Location of Illinois in the United States
website =

Bone Gap is a village in Edwards County, Illinois, United States. The population was 272 at the 2000 census.

Geography

Bone Gap is located at coor dms|38|26|49|N|87|59|47|W|city (38.447053, -87.996288).GR|1

According to the United States Census Bureau, the village has a total area of 0.6 square miles (1.6 km²), all of it land.

History

French trappers knew this area before it was permanently settled. The French referred to this place as "Bon Pas," which translates literally to "good step," Kentuckians modified the name to "Bone Pass," as though it were a "pass" through a mountain range. This was then changed to "Bone Gap," as in the Cumberland Gap.

An alternative story about the origin of Bone Gap's name involves a small band of Piankashaw Indians who established a village in a gap in the trees a short distance east of present day Bone Gap. Several years later early American settlers found a pile of bones discarded by the Indians near their encampment-hence the name Bone Gap as given to the white man's village established about the 1830s. Early settlers in the area included the five Rude brothers who came from West Virginia in 1830. other families included the Morgans, Knowltons, Philips, Gibsons, and Rices. In 1835-36 Ebenezer and Elizabeth Gould came west with their twin sons, Philander and Ansel. Due to several members of the farming community coming from Northeastern states, they were referred to as "Yankees," and the community was referred to as "Yankeetown."

Old Bone Gap, as it was usually called, was situated a little more than one-fourth mile east of the present village limits. It was never incorporated as a village and was comprised of a store and post office, the office of Dr. Fildes, a blacksmith shop, a Baptist Church, a Methodist parsonage, and a few log dwellings.

On March 9, 1892 a petition was circulated for an election to incorporate as a village. On March 29th of that year thirty-eight votes were cast for incorporation and seven against.

Demographics

As of the censusGR|2 of 2000, there were 272 people, 99 households, and 80 families residing in the village. The population density was 450.5 people per square mile (175.0/km²). There were 110 housing units at an average density of 182.2/sq mi (70.8/km²). The racial makeup of the village was 99.26% White, 0.37% Native American and 0.37% Asian.

There were 99 households out of which 38.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 67.7% were married couples living together, 12.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 18.2% were non-families. 18.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.75 and the average family size was 3.07.

In the village the population was spread out with 27.9% under the age of 18, 12.9% from 18 to 24, 24.6% from 25 to 44, 23.2% from 45 to 64, and 11.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females there were 95.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 84.9 males.

The median income for a household in the village was $27,813, and the median income for a family was $33,214. Males had a median income of $21,354 versus $17,500 for females. The per capita income for the village was $10,804. About 15.8% of families and 25.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 45.9% of those under the age of eighteen and 15.4% of those sixty five or over.

References


*Edwards County Sesquicentennial Book 1814-1964


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