Wilmette, Illinois


Wilmette, Illinois

Geobox|Settlement
name = Wilmette
category = Village



image_caption = US Bahá'í House of Worship in Wilmette.
symbol = Wilmette seal.png country = United States
state = Illinois
region_type = County
region = Cook
district_type = Township
district = New Trier Township
elevation_imperial = 636
elevation_imperial_note = cite web|url=Gnis3|421276|title=USGS detail on Newtown|accessdate=2007-10-21]
lat_d = 42
lat_m = 04
lat_s = 38
lat_NS = N
long_d = 87
long_m = 43
long_s = 25
long_EW = W
area_imperial = 5.4
area_land_imperial = 5.4
area_water_imperial = 0.1
population = 27651
population_date = 2000
population_density_imperial = 5135.8
leader_type = Village President
timezone = CST
utc_offset = -6
timezone_DST = CDT
utc_offset_DST = -5
postal_code = 60091
area_code = 847 and 224


map_caption = Location of Wilmette within Illinois
map_locator = Illinois
commons = Wilmette, Illinois
website = http://www.wilmette.com/

Wilmette is a village in New Trier Township, Cook County, Illinois, United States. It is located convert|14|mi north of Chicago's downtown district (or convert|3|mi|abbr=on|disp=s|0 from Chicago's northern border) and has a population of 27,651. Wilmette is considered a bedroom community in the affluent North Shore district. In 2007, Wilmette was ranked as the seventh best place to raise children in the U.S., according to Business Week. [cite web
author= Douglas MacMillan
title= Great Places to Raise Kids -- for Less
publisher= Business Week
date= 2007-11-16
accessdate= 2008-01-02
url= http://www.businessweek.com/investor/content/nov2007/pi20071115_554425.htm?chan=rss_topDiscussed_ssi_5
]

History

Before European settlement, a Potawatomi village was located on "Indian Hill", currently the site of a golf course in nearby Winnetka.cite web
title = Historical Development of Wilmette
publisher = Village of Wilmette
date =
url =http://www.wilmette.com/whpc/historyofwilmette.htm
format =
doi =
accessdate = 2008-01-15
] The village is named in honor of Antoine Ouilmette, a French-Canadian fur trader married to Archange, the daughter of Potawatomi chief Sauganash. [cite news
title= Fort Dearborn Story Began with 4 Cabins 150 Years Ago
publisher= Chicago Daily Tribune
date= 1953-08-17
] For his part in persuading local Native Americans to sign the Treaty of Prairie du Chien in 1829, the U.S. government awarded Ouilmette 1,280 acres (5.2 km²) of land in present-day Wilmette and Evanston. In 1848, he sold the land to farmers and developers and it eventually evolved into modern-day Wilmette.

John G. Westerfield built pickle and vinegar factories in the area in 1857. Other early commercial development included a cooperage, a brick kiln, and an icehouse. The Chicago, North Shore and Milwaukee Railroad tracks arrived in 1854, but the first local station wasn't built until 1869.cite web
title = Encyclopedia of Chicago, Wilmette, IL
publisher = Chicago Historical Society
date =
url =http://www.encyclopedia.chicagohistory.org/pages/1360.html
format =
doi =
accessdate = 2008-01-15
]

German Catholic farmers from the area of Trier began settling the area in the 1840s. They named their village Gross Point, which was located west of Ridge Road. The Village of Wilmette was incorporated on September 19, 1872 and the Village of Gross Point was incorporated in 1874.cite web
title = About Our Historic Building
publisher = Wilmette Historical Museum
date =
url =http://www.wilmettehistory.org/building.html
format =
doi =
accessdate = 2008-01-15
] September 19 is celebrated locally as Charter Day.Wilmette was nearly annexed by its neighbeor to the south, Evanston in 1894. The annexation referendum lost by a vote of 168 to 165. ]

Gross Point's municipal revenues were dependent on the 15 taverns in town. With prohibition these revenues disappeared and the village went bankrupt. It was annexed in two parts by the Village of Wilmette in 1924 and 1926. ]

The oldest surviving Bahá'í House of Worship was constructed here between 1920 and 1953.

Village government

Wilmette is governed by a village board composed of six trustees and a president. Trustees serve staggered, four-year terms and are elected at-large. The current village trustees are Mike Basil, John Levin, Karen Spillers, Alan Swanson, Mari Terman, and Lali Watt. The current village president is Chris Canning.

In 2004, Wilmette was one of the first localities in Illinois to enact a ban on smoking in all public spaces, including bars and restaurants. Also that year, the village government prosecuted local resident Hale DeMar, age 59, for violating the town's handgun ban (enacted in 1989). DeMar shot a burglar inside his house. [cite news
author= Robert VerBruggen
title= Self-defense vs. municipal gun bans
publisher= Reason
date= June, 2005
accessdate= 2008-01-02
url= http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m1568/is_2_37/ai_n15681261
]

The handgun ban was enacted in direct response to an incident in 1988 when Laurie Dann opened fire on a classroom full of children in neighboring Winnetka.

Education

Below secondary education, Wilmette is served by Wilmette Public Schools District 39 which includes elementary schools (grades K–4) Central, Harper, McKenzie, and Romona, Highcrest Middle School (grades 5 & 6), and Wilmette Junior High School (grades 7 & 8). [cite web
url= http://www.wilmette39.org
title= Wilmette Public Schools District 39
accessdate=2008-01-02
] Marie Murphy School, also located in Wilmette, is part of Avoca School District 37. [cite web
url= http://www.avoca.k12.il.us
title= Avoca School District
accessdate=2008-01-02
] There are also several parochial elementary schools in the area, including St. Francis Xavier and St. Joseph. [cite web
url= http://www.sfxparish.org/School.htm
title= St. Francis Xavier Parochial School
accessdate=2008-01-02
] [cite web
url= http://www.stjosephwilmette.com
title= St. Joseph Parochial School
accessdate=2008-01-02
] Other private schools in Wilmette include the Ronald Knox Montessori School and the Baker Demonstration School. [cite web
url= http://www.ronaldknox.org
title= Ronald Knox Montessori School
accessdate=2008-01-02
]

For public secondary education, Wilmette students attend New Trier High School. High school freshmen attend classes at the Northfield campus while other grades attend the Winnetka campus. Wilmette is also home to Catholic high schools Loyola Academy and Regina Dominican High School.

Arlyn School in Wilmette is an alternative school supported by member school districts in the area. It serves junior high and high school students who have been referred by school districts, community agencies, private practitioners, and parents. [cite web
url= http://arlynschool.org
title= Arlyn School
accessdate=2008-01-02
]

The Wilmette Public Library provides educational support to students at all grade levels, including those residing in neighboring Kenilworth.

Attractions

Attractions include Gillson Park with beach access, marina, and an off-leash area for dogs, and Centennial Park, with a public swimming pool, tennis and ice-skating facilities. [cite web
url= http://www.wilmettepark.org/gillson.cfm
title= Gillson Park
accessdate= 2008-01-02
] [cite web
url= http://www.wilmettepark.org/cent.cfm
title= Centennial Park
accessdate= 2008-01-02
] The Wilmette Golf Club, hosting a 6,378-yard course, is located on the far west side of town. Wilmette is home to a Bahá'í House of Worship and the administrative offices for the Bahá'í National Spiritual Assembly. The house of worship was named in 2007 as one of the "Seven Wonders of Illinois" by the Illinois Bureau of Tourism. [cite web
url= http://www.enjoyillinois.com/sevenwonders/
title= Seven Wonders of Illinois
accessdate = 2008-01-02
]

Architecture

In addition to the Bahá'í House of Worship, Wilmette is famous for its several other examples of religious architecture.

The oldest existing church building in Wilmette is the First Congregational Church (1909) designed in the Tudor Revival style. Trinity United Methodist Church (1928) is a Neo-Gothic structure and was designed and constructed by Granger & Bollenbacher of Wisconsin Lannonstone. The church features stained glass windows by Willet Studios of Philadelphia, among the top American studios during the 1920s. The church was also used as a filming location for "Home Alone". [cite web
url= http://www.trinitywilmette.org
title= Trinity United Methodist Church
accessdate = 2008-01-02
]

Both St. Joseph and St. Francis Xavier Church were designed by the firm of McCarthy, Smith and Eppig. St. Joseph's is Wilmette's oldest religious congregation, having been established in 1843. The present building (1939) is among the finest examples of Art Deco architecture on the North Shore. The interior is particularly well preserved and features Art Deco light fixtures, and stained glass windows designed and fabricated by Giannini & Hilgart of Chicago. The altar floor and sanctuary wall contain Italian and French marble inlaid with Portuguese onyx. The Stations of the Cross are pastel-hued mosaics crafted in the Vatican Studio of Mosaics in Rome. The design and materials of the Y-shaped school designed by Herman J. Gaul of Chicago and constructed in 1934, and the adjacent rectory, harmonize with the church. St. Francis Xavier Church (1939) was designed in the Late Gothic Revival mode while McCarthy, Smith & Eppig were simultaneously working on St. Joseph's in Wilmette. The stained glass windows were made with English and German imported glass by the famed F. X. Zettler Studios of Munich, Germany and New York. St Francis Xavier School (1924), just east of the church is a unique modern blend of Gothic architecture by Chicago architect Barry Byrne.

Wilmette has two houses built by Frank Lloyd Wright: the Frank J. Baker House (and carriage house) and the Lewis Burleigh House. [cite web
url= http://www.peterbeers.net/interests/flw_rt/Illinois/Baker_House/baker_house.htm
title= The Baker House
accessdate= 2008-01-02
] [cite web
url= http://www.peterbeers.net/interests/flw_rt/Illinois/Burleigh_House/Burleigh_House.htm
title= The Lewis Burleigh House
accessdate= 2008-01-02
]

Historic preservation

These places in Wilmette are on the National Register of Historic Places: [ [ http://www.nr.nps.gov/iwisapi/explorer.dll?IWS_SCHEMA=NRIS1&IWS_LOGIN=1&IWS_REPORT=100000039 NRIS, Search Illinois, Wilmette] ]

Transportation

Wilmette is served by the Chicago Transit Authority's 'L' and Metra, as well the PACE suburban bus system. The northernmost station of the Purple Line is located at Linden Avenue in Wilmette. Wilmette's commuter railroad station is at Green Bay Road and Washington Avenue.

Geography

Wilmette is located on the western shore of Lake Michigan and is a near northern suburb of Chicago, immediately north of Evanston at coor dms|42|4|38|N|87|43|25|W|city (42.077178, -87.723736)GR|1. The North Shore Channel drainage canal empties into Lake Michigan at Wilmette Harbor.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the village has a total area of 5.4 square miles (14.0 km²), of which, 5.4 square miles (13.9 km²) of it is land and 0.19% is water.

Demographics

USCensusPop
1880= 419
1890= 1458
1900= 2300
1910= 4943
1920= 7814
1930= 15233
1940= 17226
1950= 18162
1960= 28268
1970= 32134
1980= 28229
1990= 26530
2000= 27651
footnote= [http://www.census.gov/prod/www/abs/decennial/index.htm Decennial US Census]
As of the censusGR|2 of 2000, there were 27,651 people, 10,039 households, and 7,730 families residing in the village. The population density was 5,135.8 people per square mile (1,984.4/km²). There were 10,319 housing units at an average density of 1,916.6/sq mi (740.6/km²). The racial makeup of the village was 89.66% White, 0.56% Black, 0.04% Native American, 8.16% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.42% from other races, and 1.15% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.08% of the population.

There were 10,039 households out of which 40.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 68.9% were married couples living together, 6.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 23.0% were non-families. 21.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.73 and the average family size was 3.19.

In the village the population was spread out with 29.7% under the age of 18, 3.6% from 18 to 24, 21.7% from 25 to 44, 27.8% from 45 to 64, and 17.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females there were 91.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 84.9 males.

The median income for a household in the village was $106,773, and the median income for a family was $122,515. Males had a median income of $97,143 versus $50,007 for females. The per capita income for the village was $55,611. About 1.3% of families and 2.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 1.6% of those under age 18 and 4.7% of those age 65 or over.

The village ranks 45th on the list of highest-income places in the United States with a population of over 10,000.

People from Wilmette

*Julia Allison, columnist
*Race Bannon, fictional character in "Jonny Quest" television series
*Lester Crown, billionaire businessman
*Ann-Margret, actress
*Rahm Emanuel, congressman
*Marc Hauser, photographer
*Christie Hefner, Playboy CEO
*Charlton Heston, actor
*H H Holmes, serial killer
*Barry Horowitz, professional wrestler
*Tim Kazurinsky, writer and actor
*Andrew Kurtzman, writer
*Bill Murray, actor
*Joel Murray, actor
*Roger B. Myerson, 2007 Nobel Prize in Economics co-winner [cite news|first=Irv|last=Leavitt|title=Nobel Prize winner stays on task |work=Wilmette Life |publisher=Pioneer Press/Sun-Times Media Group |date= October 18, 2007] (lived in Wilmette at the time of the awarding of the Nobel Prize)
*Jonathan Nolan, screenwriter
*Dana Olsen, screenwriter
*Ian Punnett, radio broadcaster
*Tony Rezko, restaurateur and political fundraiser (lived in Wilmette at the time of his conviction)
*Jack Ryan, former Republican candidate for the United States Senate
*Jamie Schroeder, Olympic rower
*Bart Shore, radio broadcaster
*Matt Walker, former Filter drummer
*Peter Wentz, Fall Out Boy bassist
*Rainn Wilson, actor

ister Cities

Wilmette's sister city in Australia is Mona Vale in Pittwater Council, New South Wales and they participate in an annual student exchange program between their high schools. Mona Vale and Wilmette are connected spiritually as well, each is home to a Bahá'í House of Worship, of which there are only seven in the world.

References

Further reading

*Ebner, Michael. Creating Chicago's North Shore: A Suburban History. 1988.
*Holley, Horace. Wilmette Story. 1951.

See also

*U.S.S. Wilmette
*Wilmette (Metra)
*Willamette

External links

* [http://www.wilmette.com/ Village of Wilmette municipal government]
* [http://www.wilmette.lib.il.us/ Wilmette Public Library]
* [http://www.wilmette39.org/ Wilmette Public School District 39]
* [http://www.avoca.k12.il.us/ Avoca School District 37]
* [http://www.wilmettepark.org Wilmette Park District]
* [http://www.wilmettehistory.org/ Wilmette Historical Museum]
* [http://www.wilmettechamber.org/ Wilmette Chamber of Commerce]


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