Coat of arms of Donaueschingen
Donaueschingen is located in Germany
Coordinates 47°57′11″N 8°30′12″E / 47.95306°N 8.50333°E / 47.95306; 8.50333Coordinates: 47°57′11″N 8°30′12″E / 47.95306°N 8.50333°E / 47.95306; 8.50333
Country Germany
State Baden-Württemberg
Admin. region Freiburg
District Schwarzwald-Baar-Kreis
Town subdivisions Kernstadt und 7 Stadtteile
Lord Mayor Thorsten Frei (CDU)
Basic statistics
Area 104.63 km2 (40.40 sq mi)
Elevation 686 m  (2251 ft)
Population 21,128 (31 December 2010)[1]
 - Density 202 /km2 (523 /sq mi)
Other information
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Licence plate VS
Postal codes 78151–78168
Area code 0771

Donaueschingen is a German town in the Black Forest in the southwest of the federal state of Baden-Württemberg in the Schwarzwald-Baar Kreis. It stands near the confluence of the two sources of the river Danube (in German: Donau;[2] the town's name is an eponym).

Donaueschingen stands in a basin within low mountainous terrain. It is located about 13 km (8.1 mi) south of Villingen-Schwenningen, 24 km (15 mi) west of Tuttlingen, and about 30 km (19 mi) north of the Swiss town of Schaffhausen. In 2003, the population was 21,300 making it the second largest town in the district (Kreis) of Schwarzwald-Baar. The location of the town is favourable for its role as a regional rail hub.



Donaueschingen lies in the Baar basin in the southern Black Forest at the confluence of the Brigach and Breg rivers— the two source tributaries of the Danube— from which the town gets its name.

The town is close to Lake Titisee and less than an hour's drive from Switzerland and France.


The town of Donaueschingen in 1827
Destruction after the August 1908 fire

Donaueschingen is first recorded as Esginga in 889; the modern form of the name is first attested in 1292.[3] In 1283, Rudolph von Habsburg granted the principality of Baar and Donaueschingen to Heinrich von Fürstenberg. The right to brew beer was also connected with this grant. This is the source of the Royal Fürstenberg Brewery. In 1488, possession was passed to the Count of Fürstenberg-Baar. From the 18th Century it was the residence of the Princes of Fürstenberg. In 1806, Donaueschingen came under the rule of the Grand Duchy of Baden and was granted township in 1810. A large part of the town was destroyed by fire in 1908. Donaueschingen has a tradition as a military garrison; since World War II the French military has maintained barracks in the town, and, until the early 1990s, the U.S. Air Force operated a contingency hospital there. Fortunately the hospital never received casualties on a large scale from military operations; it saw the most activity in 1989, when the United States offered the facility as temporary housing for refugees leaving from East Germany to the West.

Though the Princes of Fürstenberg were nominally mediatised and deposed as absolute ruler of the principality, they still own huge property in their former lands, including their palace with the surrounding parks and gardens. The Schlosspark (palace gardens) which used to be public and the only park accessible to the citizens of the town since 1806 recently became off-limits again. The Princes of Fürstenberg were also the owners of an important manuscript of the Nibelungenlied (Manuscript C) until they sold it in 2001. The ancestral brewery has also been sold.


The results of the 2004 local elections are as follows:

CDU  : 16 Seats
FDP/FW  : 7 Seats
SPD  : 7 Seats
Independents  : 5 Seats
Bündnis 90/Die Grünen  : 4 Seats


The town's economy consists of nearly 1,000 various enterprises, of which 24 are medium-sized employing 2,200 people. The most important industries are machine assembly, semiconductors, injection moulding, magnetics, dyes, and shoe manufacturing.


Donaueschingen is a regional rail hub; four rail lines join in the town. It sits on the Schwarzwaldbahn line from Offenburg to Konstanz and it is the start of the Höllentalbahn (Schwarzwald) from Donaueschingen to Freiburg im Breisgau. Both of these lines are uniquely constructed because of the rough Black Forest terrain they cover. Donaueschingen is also the starting point for the Donautalbahn and the Bregtalbahn which run to Ulm and Bräunlingen respectively. The town is part of the Schwarzwald-Baar public transport system.

The town is on the A 864, a spur of the A 81 to Stuttgart. Three Federal Highways cross each other near Donaueschingen: the B 27 from Stuttgart to Schaffhausen; the B 31 from Freiburg im Breisgau to Lindau and the B 33 from Offenburg to Konstanz.

The long-distance Danube Cycle Trail begins in Donaueschingen and follows the course of the Danube. It is one of the most well-known and longest bicycle trails in Europe.


The town has four secondary schools: the Fürstenberg-Gymnasium and the Wirtschaftsgymnasium, one Realschule, and one Hauptschule. There are four elementary schools associated with these schools: Eichendorffschule, Erich-Kästner-Schule, Grundschule Pfohren, and the Grundschule Wolterdingen. There are two special-needs schools: the Heinrich-Feuerstein-Schule and the Karl-Wacker-Schule.

There are two professional training schools: the Donaueschingen Commercial School and the Business and Home Economics Schools. There is also the Nursing College and the College for Agriculture. The Academy for Continuing Education and Personal Development is located in the former district hospital.

Cultural Events

The Donaueschingen Festival for contemporary music ("Donaueschinger Musiktage). Founded in 1921, the world's oldest festival for New music takes place every year in October. Guest composers have included Arnold Schoenberg, Pierre Boulez, Elliott Carter, John Cage, and György Ligeti.

Partner Cities

Donaueschingen has partnerships with the following cities:

  • Kaminoyama, Japan (since 1995)
  • Saverne, France (since 1964)
  • Vác, Hungary (since 1993)

Sons and daughters of Donaueschingen


External links

Notes and references

  1. ^ "Bevölkerung und Erwerbstätigkeit" (in German). Statistisches Landesamt Baden-Württemberg. 31 December 2009. 
  2. ^ "Donau (Danube via interwiki link)". de.wikipedia. Retrieved 2007-10-06. "An obvious eponym given article equivalence and name" 
  3. ^ Berger, Dieter, Duden. Geographische Names in Deutschland, 2nd edition, Duden 1999.

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Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Donauēschingen — (Donēschingen), Stadt im Amte Hüfingen des badischen Seekreises, an der Brigach, fürstlich Fürstenbergisches Schloß mit Bibliothek u. Hoftheater; auf dem Schloßhofe befindet sich die Quelle der Donau, welche aus einem gemauerten Bassin abfließt u …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Donaueschingen — Donaueschingen, Bezirksamtsstadt im bad. Kreis Villingen und Residenz des Fürsten von Fürstenberg, liegt am Ostfuße des Schwarzwaldes, in der Baar und an der Vereinigung der Brege mit der Brigach und dem Abfluß des Schloßbrunnens von D., woraus… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Donaueschingen — Donaueschingen, Bezirksstadt und Luftkurort im bad. Kr. Villingen, am Zusammenfluß der Breg und der Brigach, (1900) 3761 E., Amtsgericht, fürstl. Fürstenbergsches Schloß, Bäder; Landwirtschaft, Viehmärkte …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Donaueschingen — Donaueschingen, Stadt im bad. Seekreise, 2134 über dem Meere, mit 3600 E., Schloß des Fürsten von Fürstenberg (in dem Hofe eine Donauquelle), fürstlichem Garten, Gymnasium, lebhaftem Verkehre (liegt an der sog. Franzosenstraße, d.h. an dem Wege,… …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

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  • Donaueschingen Festival — Pierre Boulez at the Donaueschingen Festival in 2008 The Donaueschingen Festival (in German: Donaueschinger Musiktage) is a festival for new music that takes place every October in the small town of Donaueschingen. Founded in 1921, it is the… …   Wikipedia

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