- Li (Neo-Confucianism)
"Li" （理）is a concept found in
Neo-ConfucianChinese philosophy. It may be translated as rational principleor law. It was central to Zhu Xi's integration of Daoisminto Confucianism. Zhu Xi held that "li", together with " qi" (氣: vital, material force), depend on each other to create structures of nature and matter. The sum of "li" is the " Taiji".
This idea resembles the
Buddhistnotion of "li", which also means principle. Zhu Xi maintained, however, that his notion is found in " I Ching" ("Book of Changes"), a classic source of Chinese philosophy. Zhu Xi's school came to be known as the School of "Li", which is comparable to rationalism. Wang Yangming, a philosopher who opposed Zhu Xi's ideas, held that "li" was to be found not in the world but within oneself. Wang Yangming was thus more of an idealistwith a different epistemicapproach.
* Chan, Wing-tsit (translated and compiled). "A Source Book in Chinese Philosophy". Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1963.
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