- Urbana, Illinois
name = Urbana, Illinois
category = City
image_caption = A snowy day in Carle Park west of the Urbana High School. On the right is a statue of
Abraham Lincolnby Lorado Taft.
country_type = Country
state_type = State
region_type = County
region = Champaign
area_imperial = 27.2
area_land_imperial = 27.2
area_water_imperial = 0.0
area_water_percentage = auto
area_percentage_round = 2
lat_d = 40.109665
long_d = -88.204247
coordinates_type = region:US_type:city
elevation_imperial = 728
highest location =
population_as_of = 2000
population = 37,362
population_density_imperial = 3468.3
established_type = Founded
established = 1833
established1_type = Incorporated Town
established2_type = City Charter
Laurel Lunt Prussing(D)
timezone = CST
utc_offset = -6
timezone_DST = CDT
utc_offset_DST = -5
map_caption = Location of Urbana within Illinois
map_locator = Illinois
map1 = Map of USA IL.svg
map1_caption = Location of Illinois in the United States
website = [http://www.city.urbana.il.us/ www.city.urbana.il.us]
Urbana (pronEng|ɝˈbænə) is the
county seatof Champaign County, Illinois, United StatesGR|6. As of the 2005 population estimates, the population was 38,463. The city was named after Urbana, Ohio.
Urbana is located at coor dms|40|6|35|N|88|12|15|W|city (40.109665, -88.204247)GR|1.
According to the
United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 10.5 square miles (27.2 km²), of which 0.10% is water body.
Urbana shares a border with the neighboring city of Champaign. The site of the main campus of the University of Illinois straddles the border between both cities. Together, these two cities are often referred to as "Urbana-Champaign" (the designation used by the University), "Champaign-Urbana" (the more common usage, due to the larger size of Champaign), or, colloquially by some, "Chambana". Urbana, Champaign, and the nearby village of Savoy form the
Champaign-Urbana Metropolitan Area.
As of the
censusGR|2 of 2000, there were 36,395 people, 14,327 households, and 6,217 families residing in the city. The official 2000 Census population used is 37,362, however, because of an enumeration error during the original population count. The population densitywas 3,468.3 people per square mile (1,339.6/km²). There were 15,311 housing units at an average density of 1,459.1/sq mi (563.5/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 67.01% White, 14.34% African American, 0.18% Native American, 14.24% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 1.76% from other races, and 2.45% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.54% of the population.
There were 14,327 households out of which 20.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 32.2% were married couples living together, 8.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 56.6% were non-families. 36.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.14 and the average family size was 2.83.
In the city the population was spread out with 14.9% under the age of 18, 36.2% from 18 to 24, 26.4% from 25 to 44, 13.2% from 45 to 64, and 9.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 25 years. For every 100 females there were 111.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 111.7 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $27,819, and the median income for a family was $42,655. Males had a median income of $32,827 versus $26,349 for females. The
per capita incomefor the city was $15,969. About 13.3% of families and 27.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 24.5% of those under age 18 and 7.2% of those age 65 or over.
Urbana houses a significant fraction of the roughly 40,000 college students attending the
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. A majority of the University of Illinois campus is located within the Urbana city limits.
Most of Urbana lies south of I-74. There are three exits (from west to east): Lincoln, Cunningham and University. The Lincoln exit is closest to the University of Illinois, while the Cunningham exit goes to downtown Urbana. The University exit goes to downtown Urbana as well as
Illinois Route 130to Philo.
The Norfolk Southern operates an east to west line through Urbana. The NS line connects industries in eastern Urbana to the Norfolk Southern main line at
Mansfield, Illinois, west of Champaign. The line now operated by Norfolk Southern is the former Peoria & Eastern Railway, later operated as part of the Big Four ( Cleveland, Cincinnati, Chicago and St. Louis Railway), New York Central, Penn Central, and Conrailsystems, being sold by Conrail to Norfolk Southern in 1996. Construction of the line was begun by the Danville, Urbana, Bloomington and Pekin Railroad. This short-lived entity became part of the Indianapolis, Bloomington and Western Railwaybefore the railroad was completed. A branch line of the Norfolk and Western Railwayused to connect Urbana with the main line from Danville to Decatur at Sidney, Illinois, but this was first rerouted and later closed. Willard Airportserves the city.
Market at the Square
The Market at the Square (otherwise known as the Farmers' Market) has been a community event in Urbana since 1979. [ [http://www.ci.urbana.il.us/urbana/community_development/economic_development/market/Main.htm Market at the Square] ] Every Saturday morning from some time in May to some time in November, dozens of vendors set up shop in the Lincoln Square parking lot in downtown Urbana. They primarily sell local produce (including corn, tomatoes, and watermelons), but one can also find local crafts, music, and booths for various community and political organizations.
Urbana Free Library
[http://urbanafreelibrary.org/ The Urbana Free Library] is located in the downtown area. The library is one of the first public libraries in Illinois and was founded in 1874. The library houses historical archives of Champaign County which can be used for genealogical research. The historic building which houses the library was built in 1918. A major new addition was opened in 2005.
Their web site can be found at [http://urbanafreelibrary.org/ urbanafreelibrary.org]
The library is publicly funded and receives additional support from about 600 people who have joined "The Friends of the Urbana Free Library".
Station Theatre, run by the Celebration Company, hosts live performances.
The Urbana Sweetcorn Festival
The Urbana Sweetcorn Festival is an annual festival in Urbana,
The first Urbana Sweetcorn Festival was held in August 1975 in the Busey Bank parking lot in downtown Urbana. It was a community event put on by employees of Busey Bank. Since then the Sweetcorn Festival has continued to grow. The Urbana Business Association is now responsible for the planning of the festival, over the years adding a local car show, an expanded family area, live music on multiple stages, food, vendors, beer, in the heart of downtown Urbana.
In addition to corn and beverages, the festival has offered a range of activities and events, including a display of antique and other collectors' cars and
volksmarches, arts events, a dog show, and a book sale organized by the Friends of the Urbana Free Library. [cite news
first = Maureen
last = Wilkey
title = Corn festival comes to C-U
url = http://www.illinimedia.com/di/news/2451
work = Daily Illini
date = Friday, August 27, 2004
accessdate = 2008-04-07 ] [cite news
first = Bob
last = Puhala
title = It's time for corny fun at Midwest festivals
url = http://nl.newsbank.com/nl-search/we/Archives?p_product=CSTB&p_theme=cstb&p_action=search&p_maxdocs=200&p_topdoc=1&p_text_direct-0=0EB36D7E4CD624A4&p_field_direct-0=document_id&p_perpage=10&p_sort=YMD_date:D&s_trackval=GooglePM
work = Chicago Sun-Times
page = 15
date = August 9, 1987
accessdate = 2008-04-07 ] [cite news
first = Greg
last = Kline
title = Putting the sweet in corn
url = http://www.news-gazette.com/news/local/2003/08/18/putting_the_sweet_in_corn
work = The News-Gazette
location = Champaign, Illinois
date = Monday, August 18, 2003 2:00 PM CDT
accessdate = 2008-04-07 ]
The 33rd annual Urbana Sweetcorn Festival is set for August 22nd from 5-11pm and 23rd from 11am-11pm. The event will be a full venue both days, including live music, great food, and family fun, encompassing the following streets starting at noon on Friday the 22nd: Main St. between Race & Vine, Broadway Ave. between Elm & Water, and Race St. between Elm & Water.
Candlestick Lane is the name for a neighborhood in eastern Urbana. It is called Candlestick Lane because every year the residents decorate their yards for Christmas with lots of lights and figures. The tradition began in 1961 (maybe 1960) as a house-decorating contest sponsored by the Illinois Power Company. [ [http://www.news-gazette.com/blogs/central_illinois_gazette/2006/12/14/candlestick_lane_debut "Candlestick Lane Debut" by Tom Kacich, The News-Gazette Weblog] ]
The Lincoln Hotel is connected to Lincoln Square Mall, an indoor walking mall, in the center of Urbana. The hotel was built in 1924 in a mixture of classic European styles. It was completely remodeled in 1977, and a number of new rooms were added to the top floor.
Points of interest
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
University of Illinois Arboretum
University of Illinois Conservatory and Plant Collection
Krannert Center for the Performing Arts
Urbana in film
In the 1968 film, "", Urbana was named as the location where the malfunctioning
HAL 9000computer of the ill fated Discovery Mission to Jupiter was programmed. The 1959 comedy" Some Like it Hot" also mentions Urbana. Near the beginning of this film, Jack Lemmon's character, an unemployed bass player, suggests to Tony Curtis, a saxophone player, that the two visit Urbana to play at the University of Illinois. Instead, the two musicians elected to join a women's band in Florida.
Urbana provides the setting for
Bert I. Gordon's 1957 science fictionfilm, "The Beginning of the End". Parodied on the television program, Mystery Science Theater 3000, this movie features the unintentional creation of dangerous, giant grasshoppers as a result of agricultural research gone awry.
Urbana in literature
Javier Cercasuses Urbana as the geographical background of two of his novels ("La velocidad de la luz" (2005) and "El inquilino" (1989)).
Urbana High School
Urbana High School's original building was built in 1914. It was designed by architect Joseph Royer who also designed many other area buildings such as the Urbana Free Library and the Champaign County Court House. The architecture is of the
Tudor styledefined primarily by the towers over the main entrance and flattened point arches over the doors.
An addition was built in 1916, which included a gymnasium and swimming pool. Due to increasing enrollment, other additions were built in 1955 and in 1965. In 1988, an enclosed athletic area was added and the old gymnasium/pool wing was converted into classrooms. The entire building was also renovated to meet safety codes. The Urbana Park District Indoor Aquatic Center was built in 2003, adjoining Urbana High School and bringing the building to its current visage.
Film critic and Urbana native
Roger Ebertis a graduate of Urbana High School. During his senior year he was co-editor of the school newspaper, the "Echo".
University Laboratory High School
Urbana Middle School
Urbana Middle Schoolwas first used as Urbana Junior High School in 1953. Since then, the school has been renovated for space in 2003. The school currently serves 1047 students from grades 6 to 8. The school is renowned for its band program, which went to the Illinois State Band Competition(Superstate) twelve years in a row from 1994-2006.
Urbana Elementary Schools
The Elementary schools in Urbana are: Leal, King, Prairie, Thomas Paine, Wiley, and Yankee Ridge.
Urbana Middle School and all elementary schools in the Urbana School District passed their
Adequate Yearly Progressin the 2005-2006 school year, as determined by scores in the Illinois Standards Achievement Test. However, Urbana High School (by way of the Prairie State Achievement Examination) did not. University Laboratory High School students do not take these tests, despite being a public school, because it is not part of a local school districtcite web |url=http://www.isbe.state.il.us/assessment/pdfs/psae_grad_guid_memo.pdf |title=Memorandum:2006-07 Guidance – Graduation and the Prairie State Achievement Examination |accessmonthday=April 20 |accessyear=2007 |author=Becky McCabe, Division Administrator, Student Assessment Division |date= August 21 2006|format=PDF |publisher= Illinois State Board of Education] .
[http://www.urbanaparks.org/facilities/8.html Carle Park] , established in 1909, is located at Indiana and Garfield, just west of Urbana High School in Central Urbana. Measuring convert|8.3|acre|m2, it contains a statue entitled "Lincoln the Lawyer" by
Lorado Taftand more than 50 well-established trees that are part of the Hickman Tree Walk.
[http://www.urbanaparks.org/facilities/16.html Meadowbrook Park] is located southeast of the Race Street and Windsor Road intersection. The park covers convert|130|acre|km2, including 80 of recreated Illinois
tallgrass prairie. Around the prairie restoration center of the park loops a wide concrete path, suitable for walking, running, and bicycling. Several small hills make the path unsuitable for inexperienced inline skaters. The path is adorned by about twenty large sculptures from local artists. A playground, shelter, and parking lot are located near the Windsor Road entrance. A community garden, an herbal garden, the Timpone Ornamental Tree Grove and a shelter are located near the Race Street entrance. The park also contains many streams which are among the first tributaries of the Embarras River.
The [http://www.urbanaparks.org/facilities/55.html Urbana Dog Park] , located on East Perkins Road, is a place to walk one's dog without a leash.
The [http://www.urbanaparks.org/facilities/4.html Anita Purves Nature Center] , located on the north end of Crystal Lake Park, offers nature education programs.
To find about the other parks and recreational areas in Urbana, see [http://www.urbanaparks.org/facilities/ Urbana Park District Facilities]
The [http://www.urbanaparks.org/facilities/43.html Urbana Indoor Aquatic Center] is a public indoor pool operated by the Urbana Park District and Urbana School District. It is located between Urbana High School and Urbana Middle School.
[http://www.urbanaparks.org/facilities/31.html Crystal Lake Pool] is a public outdoor pool. It is located on Broadway Street, across from the Anita Purves Nature Center.
[http://windsorswimclub.com/wsc/contact.cfm Windsor Swim & Tennis Club] is a privately owned facility in south Urbana that offers swimming lessons, day camp for kids, and more.
Campus Recreation Center East (CRCE) has an indoor pool with a water slide, volleyball, basketball, and a hot tub. CRCE is owned by the
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.
[http://www.campusrec.uiuc.edu/facilities/freer.html Freer Hall] and
Kenney Gymboth have indoor lap pools. These facilities are owned by the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.
* 88.1 W201CK (Translates 90.7 KHRI) "
Air 1", Christian CHR
WPCD, College Radio
WEFT, Community Radio, Variety
WILL, Classical music(RDS), broadcasting from Urbana
WBGL, Christian AC (RDS)
WCFF"92.5 The Chief", Adult Hits (RDS - Artist/Title)
WEBX"93.5 The Source" Modern Rock(RDS)
WLRW"Mix 94.5" Hot AC (RDS - Artist/Title) ( HD Radio)
WEVX"95.3 The Wolf" Country (RDS)
WQQB"Q 96", CHR/Pop (RDS)
WHMS-FM"Lite Rock 97.5" Adult Contemporary
WXTT"Extra 99.1" Rock (RDS - Artist/Title)
WIXY"WIXY 100.3" Country (RDS - Artist/Title)
WHPO"100.9 WHPO" Country
* 101.1 W266AF (Translates 90.9
WILL), Classical music
* 103.9 W280DE (Translates 102.5
WRFU"Radio Free Urbana", Community/Political Activism [http://www.radiofreeurbana.org] , broadcasting from Urbana
WCZQ"Blazin Hip Hop and R&B
WPGU, "No Rules Radio" Alternative
WILL, Public Radio, broadcasting from Urbana
WDWS, News/Talk (AM Stereo)
WBCP, Urban Adult Contemporary
Latino Radio ServiceLatino [http://latinoradioservice]
* 3 WCIA,
* 7 W07DD,
Three Angels Network
* 15 WICD "NewsChannel 15", ABC
WBUI, The CW
* 27 WCCU "Fox 55/27"
* 34 W33AY,
Trinity Broadcast Network
* 44 WBXC-CA, MTV 2
WCFN"My WCFN TV", My Network TV
* 51 WEIU, PBS
Digital Television (DTV)
* 9 WILL-DT, PBS
* 18 WAND-DT, NBC
* 22 WBUI-DT, WB
* 26 WCCU-DT, Fox
* 41 WICD-DT, ABC
* 48 WCIA-DT, CBS
* 50 WEIU-DT, PBS
* The News-Gazette, daily local
The Booze News
The Public Iindie media newspaper
Philip W. Anderson- earned the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1977.
Thomas Beasley- pioneer in coal liquefaction technology Fact|date=May 2008
LaToya Bond- Professional Basketball Player (WNBA & International) [http://www.wnba.com/playerfile/latoya_bond/index.html]
Iris Chang- author of "The Rape of Nanking".
Brady Dougan- CEO of Credit Suisse Group. [Christine Harper and David Clarke, "American Dougan Emulates Gruebel at Credit Suisse," Bloomberg.comhttp://www.bloomberg.com/apps/news?pid=20601109&sid=akg3Dpvfufoc]
Roger Ebert- movie critic and Pulitzer Prizewinner.
Jennie Garth- actress, starring in "What I Like About You" and " Beverly Hills, 90210".
Theodore Gray- co-founder of Wolfram Researchand winner of the Ig Nobel Prizein Chemistry in 2002.
HAL 9000- character in the film "", who upon "dying" claims he was made operational in Urbana.
Margaret Hamilton- Elmira Gulch / Wicked Witch in The Wizard of Oz, also actress in other roles. Fact|date=May 2008
Erika Harold- Miss Illinois2002 and Miss America2003.
Robert W. Holley- earned the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1968. Honored in a plaque at Urbana High School (near a bust of Abraham Lincoln in a glass display at the head of the school's main entrance).
Braj Kachru- linguist.
Edwin G. Krebs- earned the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1994. Honored in a plaque at Urbana High School (near a bust of Abraham Lincoln in a glass display at the head of the school's main entrance).
Paul Christian Lauterbur- earned the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 2003.
Sir Anthony James Leggett- earned the Nobel Prize in Physics in 2003.
Patrick Norton- technology host (formerly of " The Screen Savers").
*Mark Roberts - writer-producer for "
Two and a Half Men"
Chic Sale- author, actor, and vaudevillian.
Mary Murphy Schroeder- Chief Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit.
Hamilton O. Smith- earned Nobel Prize in Medicine in 1978.
David Ogden Stiers- actor best known for his role as Major Charles Emerson Winchester III on the TV show "M*A*S*H".
James Tobin- earned Nobel Prize in Economics in 1981.
Brian Wansink- author of "" and Professor at Cornell University.
George Will- conservative columnist and panelist for ABC's This Week (USA).
Carl Woese- microbiologist who identified Archaeaas a kingdom of life.
* [http://www.city.urbana.il.us City of Urbana (official website)]
* [http://urbanafreelibrary.org/ Urbana Free Library]
* [http://www.urbanaparks.org/ Urbana Park District] - local parks, pools, and other recreation
* [http://www.city.urbana.il.us/urbana/community_development/planning/downtown_plan/lincoln.html Lincoln Square Mall]
* [http://www.historiclincolnhotel.com/index.do Historic Lincoln Hotel]
* [http://www.boardmansarttheatre.com/ Boardman's Art Theatre]
* [http://www.usd116.org Urbana School District]
* [http://www.uni.uiuc.edu University Laboratory High School]
* [http://www.cuwireless.net Champaign-Urbana Community Wireless Network (CUWiN)]
* [http://www.ojctech.com OJC Technologies]
* [http://history.rays-place.com/il/cham-urbanacity.htm Early History of Urbana City]
* [http://web.archive.org/web/20070809230156/http://www.rootsweb.com/~ilchampa/towns-townships/urbanatwnshp.html Early History of Urbana] - original website has disappeared, but [http://web.archive.org/web/*/http://www.rootsweb.com/~ilchampa/towns-townships/urbanatwnshp.html several old versions] are available from [http://www.archive.org archive.org]
* [http://history.rays-place.com/il/cham-urbana.htm History of Urbana]
* [http://www.prairienet.org/wuna/ West Urbana Neighborhood Association (WUNA)] - a community organization with a mailing list to keep abreast of local happenings
* [http://www.ucimc.org/ Urbana-Champaign Independent Media Center] - owns and operates the former post office building north of Lincoln Square Mall
* [http://www.radiofreeurbana.org/ WRFU 104.5 FM - Radio Free Urbana] - broadcasting from the Independent Media Center
* [http://thebikeproject.org/ The Bike Project] - offers a space, tools, and community to repair bikes, share knowledge, hold classes, and advocate for bikes in Urbana-Champaign.
* [http://www.anti-war.net Anti-War Anti-Racism Effort (AWARE)] - works to oppose aggressive wars and to end racism, meeting weekly at the Independent Media Center
* [http://www.urbanabusiness.com/Sweetcorn_2008/Sweetcorn_2008.html Urbana Business Association – 33rd Annual Urbana Sweetcorn Festival, August 22nd & 23rd, 2008]
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