Mistress of the Robes


Mistress of the Robes

The Mistress of the Robes is the senior lady of the British Royal Household. Formerly (as the name implies) responsible for the Queen's clothes and jewellery, the post now has the responsibility for arranging the rota of attendance of the Ladies in Waiting on the Queen, along with various duties at State ceremonies. In the past, when the Queen was a Queen regnant rather than a queen consort, the Mistress of the Robes was a political appointment, changing with the government. However, this has not been the case since the death of Queen Victoria in 1901, and Queen Elizabeth II has only had two Mistresses of the Robes in more than fifty years' reign. Queens dowager have their own Mistresses of the Robes, and in the 18th century the Princess of Wales had one too. In modern times, the Mistress of the Robes is almost always a Duchess.

Contents

Mistress of the Robes to Queen Mary I, 1553-1558

  • 1553–1558: Susan Clarencieux[1]

Mistress of the Robes to Queen Elizabeth I, 1558-1603

Mistress of the Robes to Queen Anne, 1603-1619

  • 1603-1619: Audrey (Etheldreda), Lady Walsingham

Mistresses of the Robes to Queen Anne, 1704-1714

Mistresses of the Robes to Caroline, Princess of Wales, later Queen Caroline, 1714-1737

Mistresses of the Robes to Augusta, Princess of Wales, 1736-1763

  • 1736-1745: Lady Archibald Hamilton[6]
  • 1745-1747: Vacant[6]
  • 1747-1763: Grace Sackville, Countess of Middlesex[6]

Mistress of the Robes to Queen Charlotte, 1761-1818

  • 1761-1793: Mary Bertie, Duchess of Ancaster and Kesteven (Dowager Duchess of Ancaster and Kesteven from 1778)[6]
  • 1793-1818: Elizabeth Thynne, Marchioness of Bath (Dowager Marchioness of Bath from 1796)[6]

Mistress of the Robes to Caroline, Princess of Wales, 1795-1820

  • 1795-1819: Anne Townshend, Marchioness Townshend

Mistress of the Robes to Queen Adelaide, 1830-1837

  • 1830-1837: Catherine Osborne, Duchess of Leeds[6]

Mistress of the Robes to Queen Victoria, 1837-1901

Mistress of the Robes to Queen Alexandra, 1901-1925

  • 1901-1912: Louisa Montagu Douglas Scott, Duchess of Buccleuch and Queensberry[23]
  • 1913-1925: Winifred Cavendish-Bentinck, Duchess of Portland[24]

Mistress of the Robes to Queen Mary, 1910-1953

Mistress of the Robes to Queen Elizabeth, later Queen Elizabeth the Queen Mother, 1937-2002

Mistress of the Robes to Queen Elizabeth II, 1953-present

References

  1. ^ a b G. A. Bergenroth, P. De Gayangos, and others, Calendar of letters, despatches, and state papers, relating to the negotiations between England and Spain, 13 vols., (1862–1954); M. A. S. Hume, Calendar of letters and state papers, relating to English affairs, preserved in the archives of Simancas, 4 vols., (1892–9)
  2. ^ Cokayne et al., The Complete Peerage, volume VIII, p.496
  3. ^ Cokayne et al., The Complete Peerage, volume I, p.212
  4. ^ Wier, Alison, Britain's Royal Family: A Complete Genealogy, The Bodley Head, 1999, p.265
  5. ^ Cokayne et al., The Complete Peerage, volume XII/2, p.589
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h Institute of Historical Research
  7. ^ The London Gazette, 29 August, 1837, p.15
  8. ^ The London Gazette, 10 September, 1841, p.1
  9. ^ The London Gazette, 10 July, 1846, p.5
  10. ^ The London Gazette, 16 March, 1852, p.2
  11. ^ The London Gazette, 18 January, 1853, p.5
  12. ^ The London Gazette, 5 March, 1858, p.2
  13. ^ The London Gazette, 24 June, 1859, p.3
  14. ^ The London Gazette, 26 April, 1861, p.2
  15. ^ The London Gazette, 22 December, 1868, p.1
  16. ^ The London Gazette, 25 January, 1870, p.1
  17. ^ The London Gazette, 3 March, 1874, p.6
  18. ^ The London Gazette, 7 May, 1880, p.5
  19. ^ The London Gazette, 12 January, 1883, p.6
  20. ^ The London Gazette, 27 June, 1885, p.6
  21. ^ The London Gazette, 3 September, 1886, p.4
  22. ^ The London Gazette, 16 July, 1895, p.24
  23. ^ The London Gazette, 8 March, 1901, p.1
  24. ^ The London Gazette, 28 October, 1913, p.2
  25. ^ The London Gazette, 21 June, 1910, p.1
  26. ^ The London Gazette, 14 November, 1916, p.1
  27. ^ The London Gazette, 5 March, 1937, p.2
  28. ^ The London Gazette, 17 April, 1964, p.1
  29. ^ The London Gazette, 20 January, 1953, p.1
  30. ^ The London Gazette, 3 January, 1967, p.1

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