Sydney Chaplin


Sydney Chaplin

Infobox actor
name = Sydney Chaplin


imagesize = 110px
caption = "Sydney Chaplin"----
birthname = Sidney John Hill
birthdate = birth date|1885|3|16|mf=y
location = London, England
deathdate = death date and age|1965|4|16|1885|3|16|mf=y
deathplace = Nice, France
restingplace = Clarens-Montreux Cemetery
restingplacecoordinates =
genre = Music hall, actor & manager
spouse = Minnie (d.1936)
Henriette ("Gypsy")
tonyawards = Best Featured Actor in a Musical
1957 "Bells Are Ringing"
:"For Sydney Chaplin's nephew, son of Charlie Chaplin, see Sydney Earle Chaplin"

Sydney Chaplin (March 16 1885 – April 16 1965), born as Sidney John Hill, was the elder half-brother of Sir Charlie Chaplin and the half-uncle of the actor Sydney Chaplin (born 1926), who was born as Sydney Earle Chaplin. It is not known who Sydney's father was, although it has been said that it was a man called Hawkes, who never was married to Sydney's mother, Hannah Hill. After her marriage to Charles Chaplin Sr on June 22nd, 1885, Sydney became Sydney John Chaplin.

Sydney and Charlie shared another half-brother through their mother, English actor Wheeler Dryden, whom they did not meet until the 1920s.

Charlie and Sydney Chaplin were very close and looked out for each other from their young days. Though younger, it was Charlie that got onto the stage first, in a play, "Sherlock Holmes", but it wasn't long before Syd joined the tour. Fred Karno then signed up Sydney, and he then recommended Charlie, giving him his biggest break. After Charlie left Keystone, he suggested Sydney as his replacement, and he made a few comedies there, including the "Gussle" comedies and the feature-length "A Submarine Pirate" in 1915.

Soon, he was handling the majority of Charlie's business affairs, negotiating most of his big contracts and appearing in a few films during the First National era. Later films include "The Perfect Flapper" (1924) with Colleen Moore, A Christie Comedy,"Charley's Aunt" (1925) and five features for Warner Brothers, including "The Man on the Box" (1925), "Oh, What a Nurse!" (1926), "The Missing Link" (1927), "The Fortune Hunter" (1927), and "The Better 'Ole" (1926). The last is perhaps his most well-regarded film today because of his characterization of cartoonist Bruce Bairnsfather's famous World War I character, Old Bill.

In 1929 just before filming "The Mumming Birds", Chaplin was involved in a sex scandal with actress Molly Wright in which he was accused of biting off her nipple in a sexual assault. International Pictures settled out of court, conceding the truth of Wright's claims. Following the claims he left England, leaving only string of unpaid tax demands. By 1930 he was declared bankrupt and never made another feature film. cite web|url=http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_qn4159/is_20031019/ai_n12748776|title=A Life In Full:The Other Chaplin|author=Matthew Sweet|publisher=The Independent on Sunday|accessdate=31 July|accessyear=2008]

In addition to his inestimable importance in launching and promoting brother Charlie's career over the years, perhaps Syd's most important contribution to history is in the field of aviation. In May 1919, he, along with pilot Emery Rogers, formulated the first privately owned domestic American airline, The Syd Chaplin Airline, Co., based in Santa Monica, California. Even though the corporation lasted only a year, in that time it accumulated many "firsts." Syd and partners had the first ever airplane showroom for their Curtiss airplanes. Emery Rogers conducted the first roundtrip Los Angeles to San Francisco flight in one 24-hour period. Charlie Chaplin took his first-ever airplane ride in one of Syd's planes, as did many other notable personages of the period. Ever the savvy businessman, Syd Chaplin also knew when to retreat from such a venture, right after legislation began to pass regarding pilot licensing and the taxation of planes, flights, and etc.

Sydney Chaplin married twice and had no children. His first wife, Minnie, died in France in September 1936 following surgery for breast cancer. After World War II, Sydney lived most of his final years in Europe. His second wife, Henriette (called Gypsy) died after Sydney's death. He died on April 16 1965, in Nice, France. His death occurred on his brother Charlie's 76th birthday.

Syd is buried beside his wife Gypsy in Clarens-Montreux Cemetery, near Vevey.

References

External links

* [http://sydchaplin.com Official Syd Chaplin site]
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* [http://www.discoverchaplin.com/charlie-chaplin-brother__l-en.html Biography of Sydney Chaplin]
* [http://www.ednapurviance.org/sydneychaplin2.html Sydney Chaplin: Charlie Chaplin's Brother]

Persondata
NAME= Chaplin, Sydney
ALTERNATIVE NAMES= Hill, Sidney John
SHORT DESCRIPTION= English music hall & film actor
DATE OF BIRTH= March 16 1885
PLACE OF BIRTH= London, England
DATE OF DEATH= April 16 1965
PLACE OF DEATH= Clarens, Switzerland


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