List of birds of Tasmania


List of birds of Tasmania

This is a list of the bird species recorded in the Australian state of Tasmania, which comprises the island of Tasmania, adjoining islands and including islands in Bass Strait. The avifauna of Tasmania includes a total of 316 species, of which 12 are endemic, and four are endemic sub-species.

Struthioniiformes

Casuariidae

*Emu, "Dromaius novaehollandiae"
*King Island Emu, "Dromaius ater" - extinct

Galliformes

Phasianidae

*Stubble Quail, "Coturnix pectoralis"
*Brown Quail, "Coturnix ypsilophora"

Odontophoridae

*California Quail, "Callipepla californica" - introduced

Anseriformes

Anatidae

*Blue-billed Duck, "Oxyura australis"
*Musk Duck, "Biziura lobata"
*Black Swan, "Cygnus atratus"
*Cape Barren Goose, "Cereopsis novaehollandiae"
*Australian Shelduck, "Tadorna tadornoides"
*Australian Wood Duck, "Chenonetta jubata"
*Mallard, "Anas platyrhynchos" - introduced
*Pacific Black Duck, "Anas superciliosa"
*Australasian Shoveler, "Anas rhynchotis"
*Grey Teal, "Anas gracilis"
*Chestnut Teal, "Anas castanea"
*Hardhead, "Aythya australis"

Podicipediformes

Podicipedidae

*Australasian Grebe, "Tachybaptus novaehollandiae"
*Hoary-headed Grebe, "Poliocephalus poliocephalus"
*Great Crested Grebe, "Podiceps cristatus"

Sphenisciformes

Spheniscidae

*Little Penguin, "Eudyptula minor"

Procellariiformes

Procellariidae

*Common Diving-Petrel, "Pelecanoides urinatrix"
*Southern Giant-Petrel, "Macronectes giganteus"
*Northern Giant-Petrel, "Macronectes halli"
*Cape Petrel, "Daption capense"
*Great-winged Petrel, "Pterodroma macroptera"
*White-headed Petrel, "Pterodroma lessonii"
*Antarctic Prion, "Pachyptila desolata"
*Fairy Prion, "Pachyptila turtur"
*Sooty Shearwater, "Puffinus griseus"
*Short-tailed Shearwater, "Puffinus tenuirostris"
*Fluttering Shearwater, "Puffinus gavia"

Diomedeidae

*Wandering Albatross, "Diomedea exulans"
*Black-browed Albatross, "Thalassarche melanophrys"
*Shy Albatross, "Thalassarche cauta"
*Buller's Albatross, "Thalassarche bulleri"

Hydrobatidae

*White-faced Storm-Petrel, "Pelagodroma marina"

Pelecaniformes

Sulidae

*Australasian Gannet, "Morus serrator"

Phalacrocoracidae

*Little Pied Cormorant, "Phalacrocorax melanoleucos"
*Black-faced Cormorant, "Phalacrocorax fuscescens"
*Little Black Cormorant, "Phalacrocorax sulcirostris"
*Great Cormorant, "Phalacrocorax carbo"

Pelecanidae

*Australian Pelican, "Pelecanus conspicillatus"

Ciconiiformes

Ardeidae

*White-faced Heron, "Egretta novaehollandiae"
*Little Egret, "Egretta garzetta"
*Great Egret, "Ardea alba"
*Cattle Egret, "Ardea ibis"
*Nankeen Night Heron, "Nycticorax caledonicus"
*Australasian Bittern, "Botaurus poiciloptilus"

Falconiformes

Accipitridae

*Whistling Kite, "Haliastur sphenurus"
*White-bellied Sea-Eagle, "Haliaeetus leucogaster"
*Swamp Harrier, "Circus approximans"
*Brown Goshawk, "Accipiter fasciatus"
*Grey Goshawk, "Accipiter novaehollandiae"
*Collared Sparrowhawk, "Accipiter cirrocephalus"
*Wedge-tailed Eagle, "Aquila audax" -- endemic sub-species
**Tasmanian Wedge-tailed Eagle, "Aquila audax fleayi" - critically endangered

Falconidae

*Brown Falcon, "Falco berigora"
*Australian Hobby, "Falco longipennis"
*Peregrine Falcon, "Falco peregrinus"
*Nankeen Kestrel, "Falco cenchroides"

Gruiformes

Rallidae

*Lewin's Rail, "Rallus pectoralis"
*Australian Spotted Crake, "Porzana fluminea"
*Spotless Crake, "Porzana tabuensis"
*Purple Swamphen, "Porphyrio porphyrio"
*Dusky Moorhen, "Gallinula tenebrosa"
*Tasmanian Native-hen, "Gallinula mortierii" - endemic
*Eurasian Coot, "Fulica atra"

Turniciformes

Turnicidae

*Painted Button-quail, "Turnix varia"

Charadriiformes

Scolopacidae

*Latham's Snipe, "Gallinago hardwickii"
*Bar-tailed Godwit, "Limosa lapponica"
*Whimbrel, "Numenius phaeopus"
*Eastern Curlew, "Numenius madagascariensis"
*Common Redshank, "Tringa totanus"
*Grey-tailed Tattler, "Heteroscelus brevipes"
*Ruddy Turnstone, "Arenaria interpres"
*Red-necked Stint, "Calidris ruficollis"
*Curlew Sandpiper, "Calidris ferruginea"

Haematopodidae

*Pied Oystercatcher, "Haematopus longirostris"
*Sooty Oystercatcher, "Haematopus fuliginosus"

Recurvirostridae

*Black-winged Stilt, "Himantopus himantopus"

Charadriidae

*Pacific Golden Plover, "Pluvialis fulva"
*Red-capped Plover, "Charadrius ruficapillus"
*Double-banded Plover, "Charadrius bicinctus"
*Black-fronted Dotterel, "Elseyornis melanops"
*Hooded Plover, "Thinornis rubricollis"
*Banded Lapwing, "Vanellus tricolor"
*Masked Lapwing, "Vanellus miles"

Laridae

*Arctic Jaeger, "Stercorarius parasiticus"
*Pacific Gull, "Larus pacificus"
*Kelp Gull, "Larus dominicanus"
*Silver Gull, "Larus novaehollandiae"
*Caspian Tern, "Sterna caspia"
*Crested Tern, "Sterna bergii"
*Little Tern, "Sterna albifrons"
*Fairy Tern, "Sterna nereis"

Columbiformes

Columbidae

*Spotted Turtle-Dove, "Streptopelia chinensis"
*Common Bronzewing, "Phaps chalcoptera"
*Brush Bronzewing, "Phaps elegans"

Psittaciformes

Cacatuidae

*Yellow-tailed Black-Cockatoo, "Calyptorhynchus funereus"
*Galah, "Eolophus roseicapilla"
*Long-billed Corella, "Cacatua tenuirostris"
*Little Corella, "Cacatua sanguinea"
*Sulphur-crested Cockatoo, "Cacatua galerita"

Psittacidae

*Musk Lorikeet, "Glossopsitta concinna"
*Green Rosella, "Platycercus caledonicus" - endemic
*Eastern Rosella, "Platycercus eximius"
*Swift Parrot, "Lathamus discolor"
*Blue-winged Parrot, "Neophema chrysostoma"
*Orange-bellied Parrot, "Neophema chrysogaster" - endemic and critically endangered
*Ground Parrot, "Pezoporus wallicus"

Cuculiformes

Cuculidae

*Pallid Cuckoo, "Cuculus pallidus"
*Fan-tailed Cuckoo, "Cacomantis flabelliformis"
*Horsfield's Bronze-Cuckoo, "Chrysococcyx basalis"
*Shining Bronze-Cuckoo, "Chrysococcyx lucidus"

Strigiformes

Strigidae

*Southern Boobook, "Ninox novaeseelandiae"

Tytonidae

*Masked Owl, "Tyto novaehollandiae"

Caprimulgiformes

Podargidae

*Tawny Frogmouth, "Podargus strigoides"

Aegothelidae

*Australian Owlet-nightjar, "Aegotheles cristatus"

Apodiformes

Apodidae

*White-throated Needletail, "Hirundapus caudacutus"

Coraciiformes

Alcedinidae

*Azure Kingfisher, "Alcedo azurea"

Halcyonidae

*Laughing Kookaburra, "Dacelo novaeguineae"

Passeriformes

Menuridae

*Superb Lyrebird, "Menura novaehollandiae"

Maluridae

*Superb Fairy-wren, "Malurus cyaneus"-- endemic sub-species
**Malurus cyaneus cyaneus
*Southern Emu-wren, "Stipiturus malachurus"

Pardalotidae

*Spotted Pardalote, "Pardalotus punctatus"
*Forty-spotted Pardalote, "Pardalotus quadragintus" - endemic and endangered
*Striated Pardalote, "Pardalotus striatus"
*Tasmanian Scrubwren, "Sericornis humilis" - endemic
*Scrubtit, "Acanthornis magnus"
*Striated Fieldwren, "Calamanthus fuliginosus"
*Brown Thornbill, "Acanthiza pusilla"
*Tasmanian Thornbill, "Acanthiza ewingii" - endemic
*Yellow-rumped Thornbill, "Acanthiza chrysorrhoa"

Meliphagidae

*Yellow Wattlebird, "Anthochaera paradoxa" - endemic
*Little Wattlebird, "Anthochaera chrysoptera"
*Noisy Miner, "Manorina melanocephala"
*Yellow-throated Honeyeater, "Lichenostomus flavicollis" - endemic
*Strong-billed Honeyeater, "Melithreptus validirostris" - endemic
*Black-headed Honeyeater, "Melithreptus affinis" - endemic
*Crescent Honeyeater, "Phylidonyris pyrrhoptera"
*New Holland Honeyeater, "Phylidonyris novaehollandiae"
*Tawny-crowned Honeyeater, "Phylidonyris melanops"
*Eastern Spinebill, "Acanthorhynchus tenuirostris"
*White-fronted Chat, "Epthianura albifrons"

Petroicidae

*Scarlet Robin, "Petroica multicolor"
*Flame Robin, "Petroica phoenicea"
*Pink Robin, "Petroica rodinogaster"
*Dusky Robin, "Melanodryas vittata" - endemic

Cinclosomatidae

*Spotted Quail-thrush, "Cinclosoma punctatum"

Pachycephalidae

*Olive Whistler, "Pachycephala olivacea"
*Golden Whistler, "Pachycephala pectoralis"
*Grey Shrike-thrush, "Colluricincla harmonica"

Dicruridae

*Satin Flycatcher, "Myiagra cyanoleuca"
*Grey Fantail, "Rhipidura fuliginosa"

Campephagidae

*Black-faced Cuckoo-shrike, "Coracina novaehollandiae"

Artamidae

*White-breasted Woodswallow, "Artamus leucorynchus"
*Dusky Woodswallow, "Artamus cyanopterus"
*Grey Butcherbird, "Cracticus torquatus"
*Australian Magpie, "Gymnorhina tibicen" - endemic sub-species
**Tasmanian Magpie, "G. tibicen hypoleuca"
*Black Currawong, "Strepera fuliginosa" - endemic
**S. fuliginosa fuliginosa of Tasmania
**S. fuliginosa parvior of Flinders Island
**S. fuliginosa colei of King Island
*Grey Currawong, "Strepera versicolor" - endemic sub-species

Corvidae

*Forest Raven, "Corvus tasmanicus"
*Little Raven, "Corvus mellori"

Alaudidae

*Skylark, "Alauda arvensis" - introduced

Motacillidae

*Australasian Pipit, "Anthus novaeseelandiae"

Passeridae

*House Sparrow, "Passer domesticus" - introduced
*Beautiful Firetail, "Stagonopleura bella"

Fringillidae

*European Greenfinch, "Carduelis chloris" - introduced
*European Goldfinch, "Carduelis carduelis" - introduced

Hirundinidae

*Welcome Swallow, "Hirundo neoxena"
*Tree Martin, "Hirundo nigricans"

Sylviidae

*Little Grassbird, "Megalurus gramineus"
*Golden-headed Cisticola, "Cisticola exilis"


=Zosteropidae=

*Silvereye, "Zosterops lateralis"

Muscicapidae

*Bassian Thrush, "Zoothera lunulata"
*Blackbird, "Turdus merula" - introduced

Sturnidae

*Common Starling, "Sturnus vulgaris" - introduced

ee also

* List of Australian birds
* List of Australian, New Zealand and Antarctic birds
* Birds of Australia

References

[http://www.parks.tas.gov.au/wildlife/birds/tasbirds.html] Tasmania Parks and Wildlife - list of Tasmanian birds.

[http://www.discovertasmania.com.au/home/index.cfm/home/index.cfm?SiteID=600] Discover Tasmania - list of Tasmanian endemic birds.

[http://www.fatbirder.com/links_geo/australasia/australia_tasmania.html] Birding Australia - Tasmanian birds.

1. Field Guide to Tasmanian Birds, Dave Watts, David Baker-Gabb, (New edition 2002) New Holland Publishers (AUS), ISBN 1876334606


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