Blackfoot, Idaho


Blackfoot, Idaho

Infobox Settlement
official_name = Blackfoot, Idaho
settlement_type = City
nickname =
motto =



imagesize =
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mapsize = 250px
map_caption = Location of Blackfoot, Idaho


mapsize1 =
map_caption1 =

subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_name = United States
subdivision_type1 = State
subdivision_name1 = Idaho
subdivision_type2 = County
subdivision_name2 = Bingham
government_footnotes =
government_type =
leader_title =
leader_name =
leader_title1 =
leader_name1 =
established_title =
established_date =

area_footnotes =
unit_pref = Imperial
area_magnitude =
area_total_km2 = 14.7
area_land_km2 = 14.0
area_water_km2 = 0.7
area_total_sq_mi = 5.7
area_land_sq_mi = 5.4
area_water_sq_mi = 0.3

population_as_of = 2000
population_footnotes =
population_total = 10419
population_density_km2 = 743.8
population_density_sq_mi = 1926.4

timezone = Mountain (MST)
utc_offset = -7
timezone_DST = MDT
utc_offset_DST = -6
elevation_footnotes =
elevation_m = 1371
elevation_ft = 4498
latd = 43 |latm = 11 |lats = 24 |latNS = N
longd = 112 |longm = 20 |longs = 46 |longEW = W

postal_code_type = ZIP code
postal_code = 83221
area_code = 208
blank_name = FIPS code
blank_info = 16-07840
blank1_name = GNIS feature ID
blank1_info = 0396141
website =
footnotes =

Blackfoot is a city in Bingham County, Idaho, United States. The population was 10,419 at the 2000 census. The city is the county seat of Bingham County.GR|6 Blackfoot is designated the "Potato Capital of the World", because it has the largest potato industry in the world.fact|date=April 2007 It is home to the Idaho Potato Expo (a museum and gift shop that displays and explains the history of Idaho's potato industry), which is home to the world's largest baked potato and potato chip. Blackfoot is also home to the Eastern Idaho State Fair, which operates between Labor Day weekend and the following weekend.

Blackfoot is the principal city of the Blackfoot, ID Micropolitan Statistical Area, which includes Bingham County.

History

"Blackfoot" is a name applied to several places in the area, including a mountain range and a small river. The name for the area can be traced back to the summer of 1818 when a group of trappers and traders from the Hudson's Bay Company passed through. Earlier, in 1812, there had been some wildfires, and people who walked through the burned areas got their moccasins all black. While there were no actual Blackfoot people in the area, the traders referred to the people they met in the area as the Indians with the black feet, or the "Blackfoot Crowd", because of the blackened footwear. They went on to call the nearby stream the Blackfoot River and so forth.

, which speculation paid off four years later. October 10, 1878 a post office was established with Theo T. Danilson as Postmaster. November 10, 1878 track was laid through town, with the track running right up behind the Stevens Store to take advantage of the store's loading platform (which was originally used to unload freight wagons). The name of the town was changed to Blackfoot March 20, 1879.

On January 13, 1885 Bingham County was established with Blackfoot as its county seat. Originally the county seat was to be Eagle Rock (now called Idaho Falls). However, the night before its final passage men from Blackfoot bribed a clerk to erase Eagle Rock and write in Blackfoot. The measure went through without opposition and was signed by the governor. ["Bingham County History, Written and Compiled by the People of Bingham County". Taylor Publishing Company. 1985. Library of Congress number 85072293]

Blackfoot was incorporated as a town in 1907

Geography

Blackfoot is located at coor dms|43|11|24|N|112|20|46|W|city (43.190068, -112.346037).GR|1

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 5.7 square miles (14.7 km²), of which, 5.4 square miles (14.0 km²) of it is land and 0.3 square miles (0.7 km²) of it (4.59%) is water.

Demographics

As of the 2000 census, there were 10,419 people, 3,685 households, and 2,682 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,926.4 people per square mile (743.6/km²). There were 3,929 housing units at an average density of 726.4/sq mi (280.4/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 86.76% White, 0.21% African American, 2.51% Native American, 1.09% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 6.33% from other races, and 3.06% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 13.17% of the population.

There were 3,685 households out of which 38.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.9% were married couples living together, 11.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.2% were non-families. 23.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.75 and the average family size was 3.27.

In the city the population was spread out with 31.2% under the age of 18, 10.9% from 18 to 24, 25.5% from 25 to 44, 18.9% from 45 to 64, and 13.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 31 years. For every 100 females there were 96.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.3 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $33,004 and the median income for a family was $36,553. Males had a median income of $31,489 versus $20,625 for females. The per capita income for the city was $15,529. About 11.5% of families and 14.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 22.4% of those under age 18 and 5.7% of those age 65 or over.

References

External links

* [http://www.cityofblackfoot.org City website]


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