- Trilateral Patent Offices
The Trilateral Patent Offices, or simply the Trilateral Offices, are the
European Patent Office(EPO), the Japan Patent Office(JPO) and the United States Patent and Trademark Office(USPTO). In 1983, these patent offices set up a programme of co-operation in an effort to "improve efficiency of the global patent system".European Patent Office web site, [http://www.epo.org/about-us/office/international-relations/projects/trilateral.html Trilateral cooperation] , Projects. Consulted on March 19, 2008.]
The EPO, JPO and USPTO handle the majority of the world's patent applications. [ M. Ichikawa, [http://www.law.washington.edu/Casrip/Symposium/Number7/4-Ichikawa.pdf "Towards a Global Patent System: The Japan Patent Office View."] , CASRIP Publication Series: Reconciling Int’l Intellectual Property, No 7, 2001, page 150 ] In 1983, these
patent offices set up a programme of co-operation in an effort to "improve efficiency of the global patent system" and to exchange information and views on patent administration and examination practice in order to gain mutual benefits. [http://www.acip.gov.au/library/bsreport.pdf Report on a review of the patenting of business systems] , Advisory Council on Intellectual Property]
Key areas of co-operation include the development of a common system architecture for electronic exchange of documents such as
priority documents, developing standards for electronic filing of patent applications and genetic sequencesubmissions, harmonisation of patent practices, and developing common patent information dissemination policies. [ [http://www.trilateral.net/background/achievements Most significant achievements] , The Trilateral Co-Operation]
Business method patents
In June 2000, the Trilateral Offices released the results of a study on business method related inventions entitled. ["Report on Comparative Study Carried Out under Trilateral Project B3b", Trilateral Technical Meeting, June 14-16, 2000, Tokyo, JPO] This report concluded that the mere automation of a known human transaction process using well known automation techniques was not patentable, and that a technical aspect was necessary for a computer implemented business method to be patentable, although this aspect need only be implicit in US claims.
It was decided that an important area of focus should be collaboration on searching prior art in the business method field. In November 2001, the Trilateral Offices released the results of a study of search toolsand strategies. ["Trilateral Project B3a", Exchange of Search Results, Report onConcurrent Search Program using PCT Applications for Business Method-relatedInventions] The report concluded that each Office’s ability to search the prior art for business method inventions was satisfactory but that the EPO and USPTO should make more use of the JPO search documentation and vice versa and that the should be more exchange of non-patent literature (NPL) searching information.
Patent Prosecution Highway(PPH)
European patent law
Japanese patent law
United States patent law
* [http://www.trilateral.net Trilateral web site]
* [http://www.trilateral.net/tsr/ Trilateral Statistical Reports] from
* [http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=717223 Patent Application Outcomes across the Trilateral Patent Offices] , Jensen, Paul H.; Palangkaraya, Alfons; and Webster, Elizabeth M. (April 2005). Melbourne Institute Working Paper No. 5/05
* [http://www.managingip.com/Article/1696254/Trilateral-offices-commit-to-cooperate.html Trilateral offices commit to cooperate] , Managing Intellectual Property, 1 November 2007
* [http://books.google.co.uk/books?id=0g7sxiHeQwEC OECD Science, Technology and Industry Outlook 2006] By Oecd, OECD. Published 2006. ISBN 926402848X. Pages 162-163 in particular.
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Patent Prosecution Highway — The Patent Prosecution Highway (PPH) is a set of initiatives for providing accelerated patent prosecution procedures by sharing information between some patent offices. It also permits each participating patent office to benefit from the work… … Wikipedia
United States Patent and Trademark Office — The United States Patent and Trademark Office (PTO or USPTO) is an agency in the United States Department of Commerce that issues patents to inventors and businesses for their inventions, and trademark registration for product and intellectual… … Wikipedia
Japan Patent Office — The Japan Patent Office (JPO; 特許庁 Tokkyochō ) is a Japanese governmental agency in charge of industrial property right affairs, under the Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry. The Japan Patent Office is located in Kasumigaseki, Chiyoda, Tokyo… … Wikipedia
European Patent Office — The European Patent Office (EPO) is one of the two organs of the European Patent Organisation (EPOrg), the other being the Administrative Council. [EPC Article|4|2] The EPO acts as executive body for the OrganisationEPC Article|4|3]… … Wikipedia
European Patent Organisation — The European Patent Organisation (EPO or EPOrg in order to distinguish it from the European Patent Office, which is one of the two organs of the organisationEPC Article|4|2|a] ) is a public international organisation created in 1977 to grant… … Wikipedia
United States Patent and Trademark Office — Офис USPTO в Александрии, Вирджиния Relief representing the Patent Office at the Herbert C. Hoover Building. United States Patent and Trademark Office (русск. Офис патентов и торговых марок США, PTO или USPTO) агентство Министерства торговли США … Википедия
Triadic patent — Triadic patents are a series of corresponding patents filed at the European Patent Office (EPO), the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO) and the Japan Patent Office (JPO), for the same invention, by the same applicant or inventor.… … Wikipedia
Бюро по регистрации патентов и торговых марок США — Логотип бюро … Википедия
Makoto Nakajima — In this Japanese name, the family name is Nakajima . Makoto Nakajima Commissioner of the Japan Patent Office Personal details Born January 2, 1952 Nationality … Wikipedia
Офис патентов и торговых марок (США) — Офис USPTO в Александрии, Вирджиния Relief representing the Patent Office at the Herbert C. Hoover Building. United States Patent and Trademark Office (русск. Офис патентов и торговых марок США, PTO или USPTO) агентство Министерства торговли США … Википедия