- Point Britomart
Point Britomart is a former
headlandin the Waitemata Harbour, Auckland, New Zealand. Located between Commercial Bayand Official Bay, [http://www.aucklandcitylibraries.com/heritage/localhistory/aucklandcity/aucklandswaterfront Auckland's waterfront and its changing face] (Auckland City Library, includes various further references)] it was later quarried away to produce fill for land reclamationin Mechanics Bay, and no physical trace remains at street level in what is today an area of the Auckland CBDand Auckland waterfront.
Point Britomart was the site of at least one
Māoripā (fort), and considered an important site in the Auckland Isthmus, with several known battles fought over it, such as by the Ngāti Whātuain the 17th and 18th centuries. [http://www.britomart.co.nz/history1.html Chapter 1 - The Historic Land 1600-1959] (from the Britomart Transport Centrewebsite)]
The point received its European name in 1848 from the HMS "Britomart", whose crew undertook a detailed survey of the Waitemata Harbour after it had been decided to base the new capital here. It was the site where the Union Jack was first raised in Auckland on 18 September 1840 by
Felton Mathewafter a preliminary agreement had been signed for the purchase of Auckland, and the point soon became the site of one of the first British military fortifications in New Zealand, Fort Britomart.
Later on, in the 1870s and 1880s, it was quarried away for fill in Mechanics Bay, its spoils providing the land for a new railway station. The removal also made Official Bay more easily accessible by foot.
The original Point Britomart area later also held a railway station and the General Post Office. At the turn of the millennium, in 2001 it became the site of the new
Britomart Transport Centre.
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