Ohře


Ohře
There is also the river Ohre in northern Germany.
Ohře

Ohře near Budyně nad Ohří
Origin Fichtelgebirge
Mouth Elbe
50°31′44″N 14°8′11″E / 50.52889°N 14.13639°E / 50.52889; 14.13639Coordinates: 50°31′44″N 14°8′11″E / 50.52889°N 14.13639°E / 50.52889; 14.13639
Basin countries Czech Republic, Germany
Length 316 km
Avg. discharge 38 m³/s
Basin area 6,255 km²
Source of the Eger (Ohře)

The Ohře (German: Ltspkr.png Eger, Czech also: Oharka or Ohara, Celtic: Agara, Polish: Ohrza) is a 316 km long river in Germany (65 km) and the Czech Republic (251 km), left tributary of the Elbe. The basin area of the river has a size of 6,255 km², of which 5,614 km² are in the Czech Republic and 641 km² in Germany. It's the third biggest river in the Czech republic.

The source of the river is situated in Bavaria at the foot of Schneeberg mountain in the Fichtelgebirge Range near the town of Weißenstadt. The Eger flows through the "Weissenstadt Lake" and the towns Roeslau, Marktleuthen and Hohenberg where it leaves Germany. After approx. 35 km, the Eger (not to be confused with the town in Hungary), as the river is called in German, crosses the border to Czech Republic to flow through parts of Bohemia which were known until 1945 as Egerland. The river passes the cities Cheb, (German: Eger, like the river), Karlovy Vary, Klášterec nad Ohří, Kadaň, Žatec, Louny, and Terezín before flowing into the river Elbe in Litoměřice.

Several districts in Germany and the Czech Republic have formed an Euroregion initiative named Euregio Egrensis to foster cooperation in the region of Eger/Ohře/Cheb.

Contents

Etymology

There is a Czech pun that Ohře got its name from the river Teplá (meaning "warm" in Czech) - "ohřát" means "to warm up." However the real origin, which also shows in the German name, is Celtic from Agara (the "Salmon River"). The records show the name as Agara, Agira, Agra in 800s and Egire, Egra or Ogra in 1000s and Eger in 1472.[1] Another theory states that since in Macedonia there exists a lake Ohrid, the slavic people that settled down in the Balkans, particularly Macedonia around lake Ohrid, originated from the area where Ohře is situated and therefore because of the similar nature also called the lake in south Macedonia by the name Ohrid

Flow

The highest volume flow rate occurs in spring. The average volume flow rate at the mouth is 37.94 m³/s. The lower part of the river flows through areas with the lowest average precipitation in the Czech Republic (less than 500 mm).

Use

Ohře is primarily used for irrigation and hydroenergy. There are two dams: Skalka (built in 1962–1964, area 378 ha) and Nechranice (built 1961–1968, area 1338 ha). The rivers flows through the following important towns: Cheb, Sokolov, Loket nad Ohří, Karlovy Vary, Ostrov nad Ohří, Klášterec nad Ohří, Kadaň, Žatec, Louny, Libochovice, Budyně nad Ohří, Terezín and Litoměřice.

Tributaries

  • Plesná (German: Fleißenbach) (Left)
  • Odrava (German: Wondreb) (Right)
  • Libocký potok (L)
  • Svatava (German: Zwota, Zwodau) (L)
  • Rolava (L)
  • Teplá (R)
  • Bystřice (L)
  • Liboc (R)
  • Blšanka (R)
  • Chomutovka (L)

External links

Media related to Ohře at Wikimedia Commons

References

  1. ^ Friedrich Umlauft: Geographisches Namenbuch von Österreich-ungarn: Eine Erklärung von Länder-, Völker, Gau-, Fluss und Ortsnamen, A. Hölder, 1886.

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