Liu Bei's takeover of Yi Province


Liu Bei's takeover of Yi Province

Infobox Military Conflict
conflict=Liu Bei's takeover of Yi Province
partof=the wars of the Three Kingdoms


caption=
date= 214
place=Yi Province, (present day Sichuan and Chongqing)
casus=
territory=
result=Liu Bei victory
combatant1=Liu Bei
combatant2=Liu Zhang
commander1=Liu Bei
commander2=Liu Zhang
strength1=50,000
strength2=20,000
casualties1=
casualties2=

Liu Bei's takeover of Yi Province was a campaign that took place between Liu Bei and Liu Zhang in 214 during the prelude to the Three Kingdoms period in China that laid the foundation of Shu Han. Liu Bei emerged victorious against Liu Zhang's forces.

Background

In 211, Zhang Lu was planning to attack Yi Province in order to fight Wei. Liu Zhang hearing of the attack, sent Zhang Song to Wei to request assistance. Zhang Song angered Cao Cao, and had to go to Liu Bei for assistance. Liu Bei and Liu Zhang were relatives, and so Liu Bei agreed to help. Liu Bei went on a campaign to eliminate Zhang Lu. Liu Zhang wasn't a very strong ruler. Men in Liu Bei's camp argued that in order to realize the Three Kingdoms strategy Liu Bei had to take Yi Province. Liu Bei was reluctant at first, but in a fiery proclamation, emphasizing his responsibilities to his old allies and his subordinates, about the manner in which he and his men had labored in the service of Liu Zhang, Liu Bei turned his men against Chengdu. [http://www.kongming.net Kongming's Archives] ] [http://www.anu.edu.au/asianstudies/decrespigny/gos_ch6.pdf "Generals of the South", Rafe de Crespigny (pages 8-9)] ]

Battle

Once the decision was made, Liu Zhang's power was ended. Though a number of his generals deserted or defected to Liu Bei, there were many people who remained loyal. The city of Luo, close to Chengdu, maintained its defense for a year under the command of Liu Zhang's son Liu Xun, while Yan Yan in Jiangzhou, who controlled the essential communications between Liu Bei and his base in Jing province, held firm until he was attacked by Zhuge Liang, Zhang Fei and Zhao Yun, advancing west along the Yangzi. Liu Zhang failed to take the chances, and he was betrayed by too many deserters and false advisers. By the summer of 214, Liu Zhang was trapped in Chengdu, faced with a combined attack by Liu Bei, reinforcements from the east, and also the army of Ma Chao. After a few weeks siege, rather than subject his people to further miseries of storm and sack, Liu Zhang came out from Chengdu and surrendered to Liu Bei.

Pang Tong was in charge of invading Chengdu. He took Fushui Pass, and advanced on Luo Castle, a defense position, but was killed in an ambush at the Valley of the Fallen Phoenix when he was mistaken for Liu Bei.

In fiction

During the Battle of Jiameng Pass, a fictional battle, Zhuge Liang and Zhang Fei faced the fury of Ma Chao. With Zhuge Liang's maneuvering, Ma Chao would defect to Liu Bei. With the loss of Ma Chao, Liu Zhang surrendered, and the lands of Shu now belonged to Liu Bei. Liu Bei occupied Chengdu and the Western River lands. He assumed Protector ship of Yizhou and declared himself king of Hanzhong. The configuration for the later Three Kingdoms had been established. Luo, Guanzhong "Romance of the Three Kingdoms"]

Modern references

The Battle of Chengdu is one of the many playable stages in the "Dynasty Warriors" series for the Playstation 2. In "Dynasty Warriors 3" and "4", the surrender of Liu Zhang is optional and often a special requirement for certain unlockable items. This concept was removed in "Dynasty Warriors 5" and Liu Zhang immediately surrenders once defeated.

ources


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Zhuge Liang — Chancellor of Shu Han Born 181 Yangdu, Langya Commandery (present day Yinan County, Shandong) …   Wikipedia

  • List of Chinese battles — The following is a list of Chinese wars and battles, organized by date. The list is not exhaustive. Contents 1 Ancient China 2 Imperial China 2.1 Qin Dynasty (221 BC–207 BC) 2.2 Chu Han …   Wikipedia

  • Timeline of Chinese history — History of China ANCIENT …   Wikipedia

  • Zhuge Liang's Northern Expeditions — Northern Expeditions Part of the wars of the Three Kingdoms Date Spring 228 August 234 Location Gansu and Shaanxi, China …   Wikipedia

  • china — /chuy neuh/, n. 1. a translucent ceramic material, biscuit fired at a high temperature, its glaze fired at a low temperature. 2. any porcelain ware. 3. plates, cups, saucers, etc., collectively. 4. figurines made of porcelain or ceramic material …   Universalium

  • China — /chuy neuh/, n. 1. People s Republic of, a country in E Asia. 1,221,591,778; 3,691,502 sq. mi. (9,560,990 sq. km). Cap.: Beijing. 2. Republic of. Also called Nationalist China. a republic consisting mainly of the island of Taiwan off the SE coast …   Universalium

  • Meng Da — General of Cao Wei Born (Unknown) Fufeng, Liang Province Died 228 Luoyang Names Simplified Chinese 孟达 Traditional Ch …   Wikipedia

  • Cheng Yu — Not to be confused with Chengyu. This article is about the Three Kingdoms strategist. For the modern Chinese musician, see Cheng Yu (musician). Cheng Yu Strategist of Cao Wei Born 141 Died 220 …   Wikipedia

  • literature — /lit euhr euh cheuhr, choor , li treuh /, n. 1. writings in which expression and form, in connection with ideas of permanent and universal interest, are characteristic or essential features, as poetry, novels, history, biography, and essays. 2.… …   Universalium

  • Deng Xiaoping — This is a Chinese name; the family name is Deng. Deng Xiaoping 邓小平 Deng Xiaoping in 1979 Chairman of the …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.