- Palestinian People's Party
__NOTOC__The Palestinian People's Party (PPP, in Arabic حزب الشعب الفلسطيني "Hizb al-Sha'b al-Filastini"), founded in 1982 as the Palestinian Communist Party, is a
socialist political partyin the Palestinian territoriesand among the Palestinian diaspora.
Palestine Communist Partyhad been founded in 1919. After the foundation of the state of Israeland the Jordanian annexation of the West Bank, the West Bank communists joined as the Jordanian Communist Party, which gained considerable support among Palestinians. It established a strong position in the Palestinian trade unionmovement and retained considerable popularity in the West Bank during the 1970s, but its support subsequently declined. In the Gaza stripa separate Palestinian communist organization was established.
In February, 1982, prominent Palestinian communists held a conference and re-established the Palestinian Communist Party. The new party established relations with the
Palestine Liberation Organization, and joined the PLO in 1987. A PCP member was included in the Executive Committee of the PLO in April that year. [Gresh, Alain. Review: "Palestinian Communists and the Intifadah". Middle East Report, No. 157, Israel Faces the Uprising. (Mar - Apr., 1989), pp. 34-36. Gresh argues that the inclusion of PCP into the PLO leadership indicated an increased influence of the Soviet Unionin intra-Palestinian politics.] PCP was the sole PLO member not based amongst the fedayeenorganizations.
The PCP was one of the four components of the Unified National Leadership of the
First Intifada, and played an important role in mobilizing grassroots support for the uprising.
The party, under the leadership of
Bashir Barghouti, played an important role in reevaluating Marxism-Leninismas a political philosophy earlier than many other communist organisations in the region. It was renamed in 1991, after the collapse of the Soviet Union, to the Palestinian People's Party, arguing that the class struggle in Palestine should be postponed until after liberation.
The party was an enthusiastic advocate of the
In 2002, the party's then general secretary,
Mustafa Barghoutileft it with some supporters to found the Palestinian National Initiative.
In the January 2005 presidential election, the party's candidate
Bassam as-Salhireceived 2.67% of the vote. [http://22.214.171.124/search?q=cache:QEMu5_FKYw8J:www.elections.ps/english/news/details.php%3Fid%3D329]
Palestinian legislative election, 2006PPP formed a joint list called "Al-badeel" for the left wing parties with Democratic Front for the Liberation of Palestine, Palestine Democratic Unionand independents. It received 2.8% of the popular vote and won two of the Council's 132 seats.
Hannah Amireh, Abdel Majid Hamadan, Mustafa Barghouti(1998-2002)
Bassam Al-Salhi(since 2003)
Other notable members
Suleiman Al-Najab, member of the PLO Executive Committee.
List of political parties in the Palestinian National Authority
Palestine Communist Party(1923-1943)
* [http://www.palpeople.org/ www.palpeople.org] (official site, in Arabic but with some pages in English).
* [http://www.palpeople.org/viewPage.aspx?subjectid=6 A historical background to the Palestinian People’s Party, from the Party's website]
* [http://www.mideastweb.org/palestianparties.htm#Palestinian%20People%E2%80%99s%20Party www.mideastweb.org]
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