Autódromo Hermanos Rodríguez


Autódromo Hermanos Rodríguez

Motorsport venue
Name = Autódromo Hermanos Rodríguez
Location = Mexico City, Mexico
Time = GMT-6


Events = Champ Car World Series
Gran Premio de México
NASCAR Nationwide Series
Telcel-Motorola 200
A1 Grand Prix
A1 Grand Prix of Nations, Mexico
Layout1 = Grand Prix
Surface = Asphalt
Length_km = 4.438
Length_mi = 2.774
Turns = 17
Banking =
Record_time = 1:16.788
Record_driver = Nigel Mansell
Record_team = Williams
Record_year = 1991
Record_class = FIA Formula One
Layout2 = NASCAR
Surface2 = Asphalt
Length_km2 = 4.028
Length_mi2 = 2.518
Turns2 = 16
Banking2 =
Record_time2 = 1:27.458
Record_driver2 = Scott Pruett
Record_team2 = Chip Ganassi Racing
Record_year2 = 2007
Record_class2 = NASCAR Nationwide Series
Layout3 = Oval
Surface3 = Asphalt
Length_km3 = 1.6
Length_mi3 = 1
Turns3 = 4
Banking3 =
Record_time3 =
Record_driver3 =
Record_team3 =
Record_year3 =
Record_class3 =

The Autódromo Hermanos Rodríguez ("Rodríguez Brothers Racetrack") is a 4.421-km (2.747-mile) race track in Mexico City, Mexico, named for the famous racing drivers Ricardo and Pedro Rodríguez.

Built in a public park in 1962, the circuit hosted its first Formula One Grand Prix the same year, as a non-Championship race. The following year the Mexican Grand Prix became a full World Championship event. The circuit remained part of the F1 calendar through 1970, when spectator overcrowding caused unsafe conditions. When the track re-opened in 1986, the circuit boasted a new pit complex, as well as improved safety all around. The Autódromo Hermanos Rodríguez (as of 2008) has been the only venue for the Mexican Grand Prix.

The circuit is located within the public park of the Magdalena Mixhuca in northeast Mexico City. The circuit is owned by the Government of the City, but is currently operated under concession by Corporación Interamericana de Entretenimiento, S.A. de C.V. or CIE, through OCESA, one of CIE's subsidiaries. CIE also organizes the NASCAR and Desafío Corona races in this circuit and rents the circuits to other parties, including race organizers, automobile clubs and track amateurs for fees that are controversial due to their disproportionately high amounts compared to other ex-F1 courses.

The circuit itself has a very bumpy surface, mostly due to Mexico City's location on a geologically active region. Furthermore, with an elevation of 2,285 m,(7,500 ft) the thin air makes breathing more difficult for both the drivers and their cars. The circuit got its name shortly after it opened when Ricardo Rodríguez died in practice for the non-Championship 1962 Mexican Grand Prix (Ricardo's brother Pedro would also lose his life behind the wheel years later).

The circuit has an extremely fast final corner (the "peraltada") before a long start/finish straight, and thus reminded some of Monza; however, unlike Monza's "parabolica" curve, the "peraltada" curve is slightly banked, allowing even more speed through the corner. It was at this corner that Rodríguez crashed, although it is unclear whether this was due to excess speed or suspension failure. After the last F1 Mexican Grand Prix in 1992, a baseball stadium was built on the innerpart of this curve. When the Champ Car series began using the track in 2002, the "peraltada" curve was partially bypassed by a series of sharp turns entering and exiting the baseball field; re-entering the "peraltada" halfway through.

The NASCAR Nationwide Series started racing at Autódromo Hermanos Rodríguez in the 2005 season, with a chicane on the main straightaway to slow the cars down. They also introduced a curve between the short course and the Ese del Lago to bypass the latter, but avoiding the stadium detour. Martin Truex Jr. won the race in 2005, and Denny Hamlin won in 2006. For the 2007 race, the chicane was removed to increase passing opportunities down the front straight and into turn 1, and Juan Pablo Montoya from Bogotá, Colombia, won the race.

The A1 Grand Prix series started racing at Autódromo Hermanos Rodríguez in the 2007 season using the full-track configuration used by Formula 1. Alex Yoong from Malaysia won the sprint race and Oliver Jarvis from the United Kingdom won the feature race.

Oval track

In the Autódromo, it's also possible to make an oval track, thanks to a flat turn that goes from the middle of the main straightaway to the beginning of the backstretch. The oval is raced in counter-clockwise direction, as opposed to the road course.

The oval configuration of this Mexico City facility is arguably the most dangerous racetrack in Mexico, because of the limited visibility at the exit of Turns 2 and 4. This is because the Foro Sol baseball stadium is located inside turns 1 and 2; and several trees are located inside turns 3 and 4.

During the 2006 season, two horrific accidents occurred in the oval track during NASCAR Mexico T4 Series events, which took several drivers out of the race and even required some of them to be taken to the hospital.

The oval configuration is used at least twice a year, with two double-feature events featuring the NASCAR Mexico Corona Series and the NASCAR Mexico T4 Series.

Formula One history

"Note: Pink background indicates non-Championship year."NASCAR Nationwide Series will not return here in 2009.

A1 Grand Prix history

Current races

* Panam GP Series - A1 Grand Prix Mexico City
* A1 Grand Prix - A1 Grand Prix Mexico City
* Rolex Sports Car Series - Mexico City 250
* NASCAR Nationwide Series - Telcel-Motorola 200 presented by Banamex
* Champ Car World Series - Gran Premio de México
* Champ Car Atlantic Series - Gran Premio de México
* NASCAR Mexico Corona Series - 2 races in the oval
* Copa Turismo México - Copa Turismo México Presentada por Continental y FIAT
* Moto Pro México - Copa Turismo México Presentada por Continental y FIAT

Records

* A1 Grand Prix Qualifying: Alex Yoong, 86.490 sec. (115.015 mph), 2007
* NASCAR Nationwide Series Qualifying: Scott Pruett, 87.458 sec. (103.647 mph), 2007
* NASCAR Nationwide Series Race (200 miles): Juan Pablo Montoya, 2 hrs. 45 min. 15 sec. (74.969 mph), March 4, 2007

Baseball stadium

The Autódromo is unique in the sense that there is a baseball stadium inside Turn 14. The stadium, called Foro Sol is home to the Diablos Rojos del México, and also hosts music concerts.

Artists like Madonna, The Rolling Stones, U2, and Paul McCartney are just a few of the names that have played there.

The Coca-Cola Zero Festival will be held at the racetrack on April 12, 2008. (http://coca-colazero.com.mx/) Acts include The Smashing Pumpkins, The Mars Volta, My Chemical Romance, My Morning Jacket, Belanova, Bright Eyes, Kinky, Miranda, La Gusana Ciega, Jumbo, Division Minuscula, Timo Maas, Quiero Club, The Faint, Chetes, Le Baron, and Austin TV.

Trivia

* Pope John Paul II gave mass to nearly 2 million faithful at the Autódromo in 1999.

*Mexique is one of the racing circuits available for the "Formula Dé" board game.

*1/4 mile drag racing events are also held here on occasion, on the main straightaway.

*The Government of Mexico City organizes a marathon and bicycle races on the circuit.

*Exotic models are often tested by specialized media in the circuit. Models have included the Enzo Ferrari, Maserati MC12 and Bugatti Veyron.

External links

* [http://www.autodromohermanosrodriguez.com.mx/ Official Track Page]
* [http://www.nascar.com/races/tracks/ahr/ Autódromo Hermanos Rodríguez Page] on the NASCAR site
* [http://www.grandprix.com/gpe/cir-043.html Autódromo Hermanos Rodríguez Page] at GrandPrix.com (focusing on Formula One history)
* [http://maps.google.com/maps?t=k&hl=en&ll=19.401984,-99.09183&spn=0.015402,0.026822&t=k Autódromo Hermanos Rodríguez on Google Maps]
* [http://www.trackpedia.com/wiki/Autodromo_Hermanos_Rodriguez Trackpedia's guide to driving and facts about Autódromo Hermanos Rodríguez]
* [http://www.a1gp.com/Circuit/CircuitInfo.aspx?circuitId=16&seasonId=4 A1GP info of Autódromo Hermanos Rodríguez]
* [http://www.tameracing.com/ Motorcraft/Sherwin Williams/ALD/ Tame racing Official Website]
* [http://www.irwinvences.com/ irwin vences Official Website]

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