- Roman Catholic Diocese of Davenport
Diocese of Davenport
Sacred Heart Cathedral, Davenport
Location Country United States Territory 22 Counties in the Southeast quadrant of Iowa Ecclesiastical province Province of Dubuque Metropolitan Davenport, Iowa Statistics Area 11,438 sq mi (29,620 km2) Population
(as of 2006)
Information Denomination Roman Catholic Rite Roman Rite Established June 14, 1881 (130 years ago) Cathedral Sacred Heart Cathedral Current leadership Pope Benedict XVI Bishop Martin John Amos
Bishop of Davenport
Metropolitan Archbishop Jerome Hanus
Archbishop of Dubuque
Emeritus Bishops William Edwin Franklin
Bishop Emeritus of Davenport
Map Website davenportdiocese.org
The Roman Catholic Diocese of Davenport is a diocese of the Catholic Church for the southeastern quarter of the state of Iowa. There are 11,438 square miles (29,620 km2) within the diocese. The diocese's eastern border is at the Mississippi River; the northern border comprises the counties of Jasper, Poweshiek, Iowa, Johnson, Cedar, and Clinton; the western border is made up of the counties of Jasper, Marion, Monroe, and Appanoose; and the southern border is the Iowa-Missouri border.
The current bishop of the diocese is Bishop Martin John Amos. The Latin title for the diocese is Dioecesis Davenportensis, and the corporate title is the Diocese of Davenport. The metropolitan see for the diocese is the Archdiocese of Dubuque. The Cathedral parish of the diocese is Sacred Heart Cathedral.
Before 1881, the Diocese of Dubuque's territory comprised the entire state of Iowa. Previous divisions had taken territory outside the state of Iowa from the Diocese to give to other newly created Dioceses. Eventually, Bishop John Hennessy became convinced that the Dubuque Diocese should be further divided, with the Dubuque Diocese covering the northern half of the state, and the southern half covered by a new diocese. Hennessy felt that the See of this new Diocese should have been located at Des Moines, Iowa. However the Vatican chose Davenport as the See city of this Diocese.
On June 14, 1881 the southern territory of the Dubuque Diocese was taken to form the Diocese of Davenport. Fr. John McMullen, a priest in the Archdiocese of Chicago was chosen to be the first Bishop. Bishop McMullen was ordained as Bishop by Archbishop Patrick Augustine Feehan of Chicago, Bishop John Hennessy of Dubuque, and Bishop John Lancaster Spalding of Peoria.
The Diocese of Davenport was split in two on August 12, 1911, which reduced it to its current size. The Diocese of Des Moines became the See city of this new diocese, which covered the southwestern quarter of the state of Iowa.
In recent years, the diocese of Davenport has been affected by the abuse scandal involving members of the clergy.
From its very beginning the diocese has a history of supporting higher education. At one time there were four Catholic colleges within the boundaries of the Diocese of Davenport. Today there is only one, Saint Ambrose University.
St. Ambrose was founded as a seminary and school of commerce for young men in September 1882. It was founded by the diocese’s first bishop, Rt. Rev. John McMullen, in the school building of St. Margaret’s Cathedral. The college moved to its current location in 1885. The school’s name was changed to St. Ambrose College in 1908 it better reflect its identity. The school grew steadily over the years and in 1987 it became St. Ambrose University.
The Congregation of the Humility of Mary founded two schools in the diocese. The first school was established at their motherhouse when it was in Ottumwa. Founded as Visitation Academy in 1864, it had several name changes until 1930 when it was named Ottumwa Heights College. Ottumwa Heights merged with Indian Hills Community College, a part of the state of Iowa’s community college system, in 1979 and has been officially inactive since 1980. The community’s former motherhouse and college property has been IHCC’s main campus since 1981.
The Sisters of Humility also founded Marycrest College in Davenport as the woman’s division of St. Ambrose in 1939. By the 1950s it had become a separate institution, and it started admitting men in 1969. The school, however, started to decline in enrollment as well as financially. In 1990, Marycrest became affiliated with the Teikyo Yamanashi Education and Welfare Foundation of Japan and was renamed Teikyo Marycrest University. In 1996, the institution's name was changed to Marycrest International University in an attempt to reflect its global mission. However, enrollment continued to decline and financial difficulties persisted and the school closed in 2002. The campus continues intact and in 2006 it became Marycrest Senior Campus, a residential facility for senior citizens. It has no affiliation with the diocese.
The Sisters of St. Francis of Assisi established Mt. St. Claire College for women in 1918 in Clinton. The college began offering graduate courses over the internet in 2002 and changed its name to The Franciscan University. In 2004, the school modified its name to The Franciscan University of the Prairies, so as to avoid confusion with similarly named institutions. In 2005, the school was purchased by Bridgepoint Education, Inc. and the sisters ended their sponsorship. The school is now known as Ashford University.
Coat of arms
The coat of arms for the Diocese of Davenport was designed after the arms used by members of the Davenport family in England. The family's arms are described as, "Argent (white or silver), a chevron sable (black) between three cross crosslets fitchée of the second." The diocesan shield maintains the use of the silver color and the black cross crosslets fitchée. The black chevron is replaced with a black crenellated tower. The diocese does not generally use the bishop's mitre on top of the shield.
The following is a list of Bishops who served the Diocese of Davenport, along with their dates of service:
- † John McMullen - June 14, 1881 - July 4, 1883 (His death)
- † Henry Cosgrove - July 11, 1884 - December 22, 1906 (His death)
- † James J. Davis - December 22, 1906 - December 2, 1926 (His death)
- † Henry Patrick Rohlman - May 20, 1927 - September 8, 1944 (Reassigned as the Coadjutor Archbishop of Dubuque)
- † Ralph Leo Hayes - November 16, 1944 - October 20, 1966 (Retired)
- † Gerald Francis O'Keefe - October 20, 1966 - November 12, 1993 (Retired)
- William Edwin Franklin - November 12, 1993 - October 12, 2006 (Retired)
- Martin John Amos - October 12, 2006 (current Bishop)
Coadjutor & Auxiliary Bishops
The following is a list of Bishops who assisted the Bishop of Davenport, along with their years of service:
- † James J. Davis (1904–1906) Titular Bishop of Milopotamus, Coadjutor Bishop of Davenport; succeeded to the See of Davenport
- † Edward D. Howard (1925–1927) Titular Bishop of Isaura, Auxiliary Bishop of Davenport; appointed Archbishop of Oregon City
Diocesan Priests who became Bishops
The following is a list of priests from the Diocese of Davenport who became bishops, along with the years they served the Davenport Diocese as a priest and the diocese they served as bishop:
- † Henry Cosgrove (1881–1884), Bishop of Davenport
- † James J. Davis (1881–1904), Coadjutor and Bishop of Davenport
- † William Lawrence Adrian (1911–1936), Bishop of Nashville
- † Maurice John Dingman (1939–1968), Bishop of Des Moines
- Lawrence Donald Soens (1950–1983), Bishop of Sioux City
- Robert Dwayne Gruss, (1994-2011), Bishop of Rapid City
The following structures are listed on the National Register of Historic Places. Some of the structures are no longer part of the diocese but are listed here because of their historical significance to the church.
Name Image Year Location Style Architect Notes Church of All Saints, Keokuk 1879–1885 301 S. 9th Street, Keokuk
Gothic Revival William John Dillenburg, Joseph Conradi Built as St. Peter’s Church and became the Church of All Saints when the three Keokuk parishes consoloidated into one parish in 1982. Ambrose Hall 1885 518 W. Locust Street, Davenport
Second Empire Victor Huot Administrative building at Saint Ambrose University. Democrat Building 1923 407-411 Brady Street, Davenport
Late 19th and Early 20th Century American Movements Rudolph J.Clausen Owned by The Catholic Messenger in the mid 20th century and housed the paper's headquarters, newsroom and printing operations. Henry Kahl House 1920 1101 W. 9th Street, Davenport
Arthur Ebeling Part of the Kahl Home for the Aged and Infirm, operated by the Carmelite Sisters. Antoine LeClaire House 1855 630 E. 7th Street, Davenport
Italianate Antoine LeClaire was instrumental in establishing St. Anthony’s and the Cathedral parishes in Davenport. The house became the residence of Bishops McMullen and Cosgrove (1881–1906). F.H. Miller House 1871 1527 Brady Street, Davenport
Italianate Frank H. Miller Residence of Bishops Davis and Rohlman and the Novitiate for the Sisters of St. Francis of Assisi of Clinton. The building is currently owned by Saint Ambrose University. Regina Coeli Monastery 1916 1401 Central Avenue, Bettendorf
Late Gothic Revival
Arthur Ebeling The building housed the Carmelite Nuns from 1916–1975, and was later a residence for a community of Franciscan Brothers. It became a four star hotel and is now a drug and alcohol rehab facility called The Abbey. Marycrest College Historic District 1938 Portions of the 1500 and 1600 blocks of W. 12th Street, Davenport
Queen Anne, others Temple & Temple The campus of the former Marycrest College. Included is the former Petersen Mansion. Sacred Heart Cathedral 1891 406 and 422 E. 10th Street and 419 E. 11th Street, Davenport
Late 19th and 20th Century Revivals, Gothic Revival, Tudor Gothic Multiple The designation includes the cathedral church, rectory and the former convent. St. Anthony’s Church, Davenport Original church: 1838
Present church: 1853
407 and 417 Main Street, Davenport
Greek Revival Multiple First parish established in the Diocese of Davenport. Its original building is still in use on the church property and is the oldest church building in use in Iowa. The NRHP designation includes both the original and current church. St. Irenaeus Church, Clinton 1871 2811 N. 2nd Street, Clinton, Iowa
Gothic Revival W.W. Sanborn, W.W. Waldron Former parish of the diocese. Merged with the other four Clinton parishes in 1990 to form Jesus Christ, Prince of Peace. The parish continued to use the building until 2008 when they built a new church. St. Irenaeus is now vacant. Church of St. John the Baptist, Burlington 1885 712 Division Street, Burlington
Gothic Revival Part of Saints John and Paul parish after the two Burlington parishes consolidated in the 1990s. St. Joseph's Church, Davenport 1883 Marquette and 6th Street, Davenport
Gothic Revival Victor Hout Former parish church of the diocese and now Grace Fellowship Church. St. Joseph's Church, Bauer 1876 1 mile east of the junction of County Road G76 and SE. 97th Street (Marion County), Lacona
Romanesque Revival, Late Gothic Revival Part of a historic district that also includes the cemetery, the parish was known in the diocese as St. Joseph, Bauer. Parish was closed in the 1990s. St. Mary’s Academy 1888 1334 W. 8th Street, Davenport Romanesque Revival Former school building for St. Mary’s parish. It became a residence for clergy who taught at St. Ambrose Academy and later Assumption High School. It is no longer owned by the diocese. St. Mary’s Church, Davenport 1885 516, 519, 522, and 525 Fillmore Street, Davenport Romanesque Revival, Colonial Revival Victor Hout, Clause & Burrows The NRHP designation includes the church, rectory, convent, and school building. St. Mary of the Assumption Church, Fort Madison 1871 1031 Avenue E, Fort Madison Gothic Revival Walch & Schmidt The church building is now part of Holy Family parish, which is a merger between St. Joseph's, St. Mary's and Sacred Heart Churches in Fort Madison. St. Mary’s Church, Iowa City 1867 220 E. Jefferson Street, Iowa City
Romanesque Revival Hugh Giles, A. Groebel The NRHP designation includes the church and rectory. Old St. Mary's Rectory, Iowa City 1854 610 E. Jefferson Street, Iowa City
Greek Revival Original frame rectory for St. Mary’s parish in Iowa City. It was moved to its present location when the current rectory was built. It is a private residence today. St. Mary of the Visitation Church, Ottumwa 1930 103 E. 4th Street, Ottumwa
Late Gothic Revival C.I. Krajewski, McGough Bros. The NRHP designation includes the church and rectory. St. Mary's Church, Riverside 1907 St. Mary's and Washburn Streets, Riverside Late Gothic Revival, Romanesque Revival, Colonial Revival Multiple The church complex forms a historic district on the NRHP which includes the church, rectory, former convent and former school buildings. St. Michael's Church, Holbrook 1867 On County Road F 52, East of Parnell
Late Gothic Revival, Romanesque Revival, Colonial Revival Multiple The church complex forms a historic district on the NRHP that includes the church, cemetery, rectory and Ancient Order of Hibernians Hall. The parish was closed in the 1990s. St. Patrick's Church, Georgetown 1912 U.S. Route 34 west of Albia, Georgetown, Iowa
Gothic Revival Carr & Cullen, Timothy Clifford Saints Peter and Paul Roman Catholic Church, Clear Creek 1898 Southeast of Harper
Gothic Revival Harry Schroeder, Ferdinand S. Borgolte The parish was merged with St. Elizabeth in Harper and St. Mary's in Keota to form Holy Trinity parish in 1992. In 2006 the last Mass was celebrated in the church and in 2009 it was sold to the Sts. Peter and Paul Heritage Association. Saints Peter and Paul Catholic Church, Solon 1916 1165 NE. Taft Avenue, Solon
Late 19th and 20th Century Revivals R. K. Parkinson The parish was closed in 1996 when it consolidated with St. Mary’s in Solon. It is currently owned by a private foundation that maintains the facility.
Catholics Total Population Percent Catholic Diocesan Priests Religious Priests Total Priests Catholics Per Priest Permanent Deacons Male Religious Female Religious Parishes Schools 104,419  748,894  13.9% 109  2  111  940  44  3  180  84  20 
(14 Elementary; 1 Middle School; 5 High Schools)
- Assumption High School, Davenport
- Holy Trinity High School, Fort Madison
- Notre Dame High School, Burlington
- Prince of Peace Preparatory, Clinton
- Regina High School, Iowa City
- St. Ambrose University
- Saint Patrick's Church (Iowa City, Iowa)
- Pacem in Terris Award
- ^ http://www.catholic-hierarchy.org/diocese/ddave.html
- ^ History from St. Ambrose University
- ^ http://www.ihcc.cc.ia.us/about/history.html
- ^ McGlynn, Ann, Nelson, Lee. "Marycrest to close doors". Quad-City Times. http://qctimes.com/news/local/article_9f17876d-0965-57d3-b3b1-fb31448626fe.html. Retrieved 2010-06-03.
- ^ McGlynn, Ann. "Marycrest campus renovated into senior center". Quad-City Times. http://qctimes.com/news/local/article_baee0034-e031-5520-b0af-9bacfa3ec3ea.html. Retrieved 2010-06-03.
- ^ http://www.ashford.edu/info/history.php
- ^ Davenport, A. Benedict. A History and Genealogy of the Davenport Family in England and America, From A.D. 1036 to 1850 (New York: S.W. Benedict, 1851)
- ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2009-03-13. http://nrhp.focus.nps.gov/natreg/docs/All_Data.html.
- ^ http://www.sts-peterandpaul.org/
Roman Catholic Ecclesiastical Province of Dubuque Dioceses Cathedrals Basilicas Colleges Ordinaries of the Diocese of Davenport Davenport, Iowa City and Government Landmarks Education Transportation Neighborhoods Other Quad Cities and surrounding metropolitan area of Iowa and Illinois Iowa Illinois
- Henry County
- Mercer County
- Rock Island County
- Rock Island
- East Moline
- Bishop Hill
- Buffalo Prairie
- Carbon Cliff
- Coal Valley
- Coyne Center
- Green River
- Illinois City
- Oak Grove
- Port Byron
Attractions Colleges Historical Places
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