- Henry Stanley, 4th Earl of Derby
Henry Stanley, 4th Earl of Derby (September 1531–
25 September 1593) was a prominent English nobleman who served as Lord High Stewardduring the trial of Philip Howard, 20th Earl of Arundel.
Lathom, Henry was the eldest son of Edward Stanley, 3rd Earl of Derbyand his second wife Dorothy Howard. His maternal grandparents were Thomas Howard, 2nd Duke of Norfolkand his wife Agnes Tilney (1478-1545), daughter of Hugh Tilney of Boston and Eleanor Tailboys [John Burke and John Bernard Burke. http://www.burkes-peerage.net] .
He was married on
7 February, 1554to Lady Margaret Clifford. She was the only surviving child of Henry Clifford, 2nd Earl of Cumberlandand Lady Eleanor Brandon. The marriage took place on a chapelof the Palace of Whitehalland was attended by both Queen regnant Mary I of Englandand her consort Philip II of Spain. They were relatives of the bride through her maternal grandmother Mary Tudor, former queen consort of France.
Henry and Margaret were parents to five children:
*Edward Stanley. Died young.
Ferdinando Stanley, 5th Earl of Derby(c. 1559 – 16 April, 1594).
William Stanley, 6th Earl of Derby(c. 1561 – September 29, 1642).
*Francis Stanley (b. 1562). Died young.
*Martha Stanley (b. 1565-?).
By Jane Halsall.
*Ursula Stanley, who was illegitimate, but acknowledged. She married John Salisbury (d. 1612), he was the son of
Sir John Salisburyand Katheryn of Berain.
His father died on
24 October, 1572. Lord Derby inherited his peerages, the title Lord of Mannand the offices of Lord Lieutenant of Lancashireand Cheshire. Elizabeth I of Englandcreated Derby a Knight of the Garter in 1574. He was created alongside Henry Herbert, 2nd Earl of Pembroke.
He was appointed ambassador to the court of
Henry III of Francein 1580. He was appointed to the Privy Councilin 1585. He was among the chief officials of the trial of deposed Queen regnant Mary I of Scotlandin 1586.
He was among the officials assigned to negotiate an end to the Anglo Spanish War following the defeat of the
Spanish Armadain 1588. This assignment was a failure. In 1589, an English Armadaunder Sir Francis Drakeand Sir John Norris suffered heavy casualties in battle with the Spanish naval fleet.
Elizabeth appointed Derby
Lord High Stewardin 1589 for the trial of Philip Howard, Earl of Arundel and Surrey. He returned to Lathom in retirement in 1592 and died there one or two years later.
* [http://link.library.utoronto.ca/reed/patron.cfm?PeopleListID=468 Stanley's patronage of theater and/or music: "Patrons and Performances Web Site"]
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