New Nationalism


New Nationalism

New Nationalism was Theodore Roosevelt's Progressive political philosophy during the 1912 election.

Contents

Overview

Roosevelt made the case for what he called the New Nationalism in a speech in Osawatomie, Kansas, on August 31, 1910. The central issue he argued was government protection of human welfare and property rights,[1] but he also argued that human welfare was more important than property rights.[1][2] He insisted that only a powerful federal government could regulate the economy and guarantee social justice,[1] and that a President can only succeed in making his economic agenda successful if he makes the protection of human welfare his highest priority.[1] Roosevelt believed that the concentration in industry was a natural part of the economy. He wanted executive agencies (not the courts) to regulate business. The federal government should be used to protect the laboring men, women and children from exploitation.[3] In terms of policy, Roosevelt's platform included a broad range of social and political reforms advocated by progressives.[4][5][6]

In the social sphere the platform called for

  • A National Health Service to include all existing government medical agencies.
  • Social insurance, to provide for the elderly, the unemployed, and the disabled.
  • Limited injunctions in strikes.
  • A minimum wage law for women.
  • An eight hour workday.
  • A federal securities commission.
  • Farm relief.
  • Workers' compensation for work-related injuries.
  • An inheritance tax.
  • A Constitutional amendment to allow a Federal income tax.

The political reforms proposed included

However, the main theme of the platform was an attack on the domination of politics by business interests, which allegedly controlled both established parties. The platform asserted that

To destroy this invisible Government, to dissolve the unholy alliance between corrupt business and corrupt politics is the first task of the statesmanship of the day.[7]

To that end, the platform called for

  • Strict limits and disclosure requirements on political campaign contributions.
  • Registration of lobbyists.
  • Recording and publication of Congressional committee proceedings.

The book The Promise of American Life, written in 1909 by Herbert Croly, influenced Theodore Roosevelt. New Nationalism was in direct contrast with Woodrow Wilson's policy of The New Freedom, which promoted antitrust modification, tariff reduction, and banking and currency reform.


Quotes

  • "The essence of any struggle for healthy liberty has always been, and must always be, to take from some one man or class of men the right to enjoy power, or wealth, or position, or immunity, which has not been earned by service to his or their fellows. That is what you fought for in the Civil War, and that is what we strive for now."

See also

Notes

References


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • New Nationalism — New Nationalism, a political program of liberal social reform advocated by Theodore Roosevelt in 1910. The program called for checks on big business, conservation, and old age d unemployment insurance …   Useful english dictionary

  • New Nationalism — American political policy espoused by Theodore Roosevelt. Influenced by Herbert Croly s The Promise of American Life (1910), Roosevelt used the phrase in a speech in which he tried to reconcile the liberal and conservative wings of the Republican …   Universalium

  • nationalism — Nationalism, which is in essence pride in the nation and resentment against those perceived as attacking or harming its interests, has exercised a crucial influence in Chinese politics since the beginning of the twentieth century. On the whole,… …   Encyclopedia of Contemporary Chinese Culture

  • nationalism — /nash euh nl iz euhm, nash neuh liz /, n. 1. national spirit or aspirations. 2. devotion and loyalty to one s own nation; patriotism. 3. excessive patriotism; chauvinism. 4. the desire for national advancement or independence. 5. the policy or… …   Universalium

  • New Deal — This article is about the 1930s economic programs of the United States. For other uses, see New Deal (disambiguation). Top left: The Tennessee Valley Authority, part of the New Deal, being signed into law in 1933. Top right: Franklin Delano… …   Wikipedia

  • new — newness, n. /nooh, nyooh/, adj., newer, newest, adv., n. adj. 1. of recent origin, production, purchase, etc.; having but lately come or been brought into being: a new book. 2. of a kind now existing or appearing for the first time; novel: a new… …   Universalium

  • New Frontier — For other uses, see New Frontier (disambiguation). Part of the Politics series on Progressivism Schools American Progressivism Modern liberalism Progressive education Ideas …   Wikipedia

  • New World Order: Opposing Viewpoints — The New World Order: Opposing Viewpoints is a book in the Opposing Viewpoints series. It presents selections of contrasting viewpoints on five central questions about the new world order[1]: what it will be; what role the U.S. will play in it;… …   Wikipedia

  • Nationalism and Culture —   Author(s) …   Wikipedia

  • New Black Panther Party — Chairman Malik Zulu Shabazz Founded 1989, Dallas, Texas, by Aaron Michaels …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.