Ayoreo language


Ayoreo language
Ayoreo
Spoken in Paraguay, Bolivia
Region Chaco, Alto Paraguay departments (Paraguay), Santa Cruz department (Bolivia)
Ethnicity Ayoreo people
Native speakers 3,771  (date missing)
Language family
Zamucoan
  • Ayoreo
Language codes
ISO 639-3 ayo

Ayoreo is a Zamucoan language spoken in both Paraguay and Bolivia. It is also known as Morotoco , Moro, Ayoweo, Ayoré, and Pyeta Yovai. However, the name "Ayoreo" is more common in Bolivia, and "Morotoco" in Paraguay. It is spoken by Ayoreo, an indigenous ethnic group traditionally living on a combined hunter-gatherer and farming lifestyle.

Contents

Classification

Ayoreo is classified as a Zamucoan language, along with Chamacoco.

Geographic distribution

Ayoreo is spoken in both Paraguay and Bolivia, with 3,771 speakers total, 3000 of those in Paraguay and 771 in Bolivia. Within Paraguay, Ayoreo is spoken in the Chaco Department and the northern parts of the Alto Paraguay Department. In Bolivia, it is spoken in the Gran Chaco Province, in the Santa Cruz Department.

Phonology

Bertinetto (2009) reports that Ayoreo has the following vowels, which appear both as oral and nasal:


Front Central Back
High i u
Mid e o
Low a

Grammar

The prototypical constituents order is SVO. Ayoreo is a fusional language.[1] Verb declension is simple and does not present any tense-inflection.[2] Ayoreo is a mood-prominent language.[1] Nouns can be divided into possessable and non-possessable; possessor agreement is expressed through a prefixation.[3]

External links


References

Bertinetto, Pier Marco 2009. Ayoreo (Zamuco). A grammatical sketch. Quaderni del Laboratorio di Linguistica della Scuola Normale Superiore di Pisa. 8 n.s.

Briggs, Janet R. 1973. Ayoré narrative analysis. International Journal of American Linguistics 39. 155-63.

Sušnik, Branislava J. 1963. La lengua de los Ayoweos - Moros. Etnolingüística 8 (Boletín de la Sociedad Científica del Paraguay y del Museo Etnográfico). Asunción 8: 1- 148.

Sušnik, Branislava J. 1973. La lengua de los Ayoweo-Moros. Estructura gramatical y fraseario etnográfico. Asunción: Museo Etnográfico “Andrés Barbero”.


  1. ^ a b Bertinetto, Pier Marco 2009. Ayoreo (Zamuco). A grammatical sketch. Quaderni del Laboratorio di Linguistica della Scuola Normale Superiore di Pisa. 8 n.s. [1]
  2. ^ Ciucci, Luca 2007/08. Indagini sulla morfologia verbale nella lingua ayoreo. Quaderni del Laboratorio di Linguistica della Scuola Normale Superiore di Pisa, n.s. 7. [2]
  3. ^ Ciucci, Luca 2010. La flessione possessiva dell'ayoreo. Quaderni del Laboratorio di Linguistica della Scuola Normale Superiore di Pisa, n.s. 9,2. [3]



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