Alexander McGillivray


Alexander McGillivray

Alexander McGillivray (December 15, 1750 – February 17, 1793) was a leader of the Creek (Muscogee) Indians during and after the American Revolution who worked to establish a Creek national identity and centralized leadership as a means of resisting American expansion onto Creek territory.

McGillivray was born Hoboi-Hili-Miko ("Good Child King") at Little Tallassee in Alabama on the Coosa River. His father, Lachlan McGillivray, was a Scottish trader (of the Clan MacGillivray chief's lineage). His mother, Sehoy Marchand, was the daughter of Jean Baptiste Louis DeCourtel Marchand, a French officer at Fort Toulouse, and Sehoy, a full-blooded Creek woman of the prestigious Wind Clan. [http://worldconnect.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:1704986&id=I79039665] Educated in Charleston, South Carolina, where he learned Latin and Greek, McGillivray returned to the Wind clan at the beginning of the American Revolution after Georgia confiscated the property of his loyalist father, who then returned to Scotland.

A loyalist like his father, he resented much of American Indian policy, however, did not wish to leave the Untied States. McGillivray became a leading spokesman for all the tribes along the Florida-Georgia border areas. In 1790, George Washington invited him to attend a conference in New York City that resulted in the Treaty of New York, an attempt to pacify the Southern frontier. He became a resident of Pensacola and a member of the Masonic Order.

ources

* Forman, Carolyn Thomas. [http://digital.library.okstate.edu/Chronicles/v007/v007p106.html "Alexander McGillivray, Emperor of the Creeks"] , "Chronicles of Oklahoma" 7:1 (March 1929) 106-120 (retrieved August 18, 2006).

External links

* [http://college.hmco.com/history/readerscomp/naind/html/na_021700_mcgillivraya.htm Encyclopedia of North American Indians]


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  • Alexander McGillivray — (15 décembre 1750 – 17 février 1793), que certains surnommèrent Emperor Of The Creeks (« Empereur des Creeks »)[1],[2],[3], est un chef politique et militaire du peuple Creek (Mus …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Alexander McGillivray — Alexander McGillivray. Alexander McGillivray (nacido el 15 de diciembre de 1750 Fallecido el 17 de febrero de 1793) fue el líder de los indios Creek (Maskoki) durante y después de la Revolución Americana quien trabajó para establecer la identidad …   Wikipedia Español

  • Alexander McGillivray — ist der Name folgender Personen: Alexander McGillivray (Muskogee) (1750–1793), kanadischer Politiker der Muskogee Alexander McGillivray (Alberta) (1884–1940), kanadischer Politiker (Alberta Conservative Party) Diese Seite ist eine Begriffsklärung …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • McGillivray — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Alexander McGillivray (Muskogee) (1750–1793), kanadischer Politiker der Muskogee Alexander McGillivray (Alberta) (1884–1940), kanadischer Politiker (Alberta Conservative Party) David McGillivray… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • McGillivray, Alexander — born с 1759 died Feb. 17, 1793, Pensacola, Fla. Principal chief of the Creek Indians in the years following the American Revolution. Of French and Creek descent, he was tutored by whites in Charleston, S.C., before being made a Creek chief.… …   Universalium

  • McGillivray,Alexander — Mc·Gil·li·vray (mə gĭlʹə vrā ), Alexander. 1759? 1793. Creek leader who sided with the British during the American Revolution, accepted Spanish aid in resisting U.S. expansion, and signed a peace treaty with the United States (1790). * * * …   Universalium


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