- Kuninda Kingdom
The Kingdom of Kuninda (or Kulinda in ancient literature) was an ancient central
Himalayan kingdom from around the 2nd century BCEto the 3rd century, located in the modern state of Uttarakhandand southern areas of Himachalin northern India.
The history of the kingdom is documented from around the
2nd century BCE. They are mentioned in Indian epics and puranas. The Mahabharatarelates they were defeated by Arjuna.
One of the first kings of the Kuninda was Amoghbhuti, who ruled in the mountainous valley of the
Jamunaand Sutlejrivers (in today's Uttarakhandand southern Himachalin northern India).
The Greek historian
Ptolemylinked the origin of the Kuninda to the country where the rivers Ganges, Yamuna, and Sutlejoriginate. [Ptolemy, "Geography" 7.1.42: ὑπὸ δὲ τὰς Βιβάσιος καὶ τοῦ Ζαράδρου καὶ τοῦ Διαμούνα καὶ τοῦ Γάγγου ἡ Κυλινδρινή, "and enclosed by the Bibasis, the Zaradros, the Diamuna, and the Gangesis Kylindrinē."]
Edicts of Ashokaon a pillar is also present at Kalsi, in the region of Garhwal, indicating the spread of Buddhism to the region from the 4th century BCE.
The Kuninda kingdom disappeared around the
3rd century, and from the 4th century, it seems the region shifted to Shaivitebeliefs.
There are two types of Kuninda coinage, the first one issued around the
1st centuryBCE, and the second around the 2nd century CE. The first coins of the Kuninda were influenced by the numismatic model of their predecessor Indo-Greek kingdoms, and incorporated Buddhist symbolism such as the triratna. These coins typically follow the Indo-Greekweight and size standards ( drachms, of about 2.14g in weight and 19 mm in diameter), and their coins are often found together with Indo-Greek coins in hoards, such as those of the Yaudheyas, or the Audumbaras. They represent the first effort by an Indian to produce coins that could compare with those of the Indo-Greeks.
Amoghabhuti(late 2nd century-1st century BCE)
* [http://www.vohuman.org/Article/Kharoshti%20Script.htm Scripts in Kuninda coinage]
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