In music a reprise (pronEng|rəˈpriːz "ruh-PREEZ"; it does not rhyme with "surprise") [ [ Merriam-Webster Pronunciation (ruh-prize is also correct according to ] ] is the repetition or return of the opening material later in a composition such as occurs in the recapitulation of sonata form, though it originally (18th century) was simply any repeated section, such as is indicated by beginning and ending repeat signs. (Stein 2005, p.331)

Reprises are common in musical theatre, where earlier songs are often repeated, usually with slightly changed lyrics to reflect the development of the story. Also, it is common for songs sung by the same character or regarding the same literary motif to have similar tunes, or incorporate similar tunes. For example, in the stage version of Les Misérables, a song of the primary antagonist is similar in both tune and lyrics to a soliloquy of the protagonist when he was in a similar emotional state. At the end of the song, an instrumental portion is played from an earlier soliloquy of the antagonist, in which he was significantly more confident. In the musical "The Music Man", the love song "Goodnight My Someone" uses the same basic melody as the rousing march and theme song "Seventy-Six Trombones". And in Jerome Kern and Oscar Hammerstein II's "Show Boat", the song "Ol' Man River" is reprised three times after it is first sung, as if it were a commentary on the situation in the story. In some musicals, a reprise of an earlier song is sung by a different character than whom originally sang it, and with different lyrics.

Reprise can also refer to a version of a song which is similar to, yet different from, the song on which it is based. The Beatles had both "Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band" and "Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band (Reprise)" on their 1967 album "Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band". Another example is the Eagles song "Doolin-Dalton/Desperado" at the end of their 1974 album Desperado. Triumph's album "Rock 'N' Roll Machine" featured the song Street Fighter and the more mellow Street Fighter (Reprise). On the Dave Matthews Band album "Before These Crowded Streets", a reprise of the third track, "The Last Stop", can be heard at the end of the final track of the album. Sublime, a ska punk band, has a reprise of their "What I Got" on the 16th track of their 3rd self-titled album. Dream Theater's sixth studio album Six Degrees of Inner Turbulence has "About to Crash" and its reprise, "About to Crash (Reprise)". Oasis's 3rd album Be Here Now contains a instrumental reprise of All Around The World as the closing track, where a longer version with vocals appears earlier in the album. In Pearl Jam's eighth album, Pearl Jam the song "Life Wasted" is modified and added as "Wasted Reprise". In from the 2007 album Soundboy Rock, by Groove Armada, the track 'What's Your Version?' is given a reprise. The Punk band, NoFX, in their 2006 album Wolves in Wolves' Clothing had a reprise of the song "60%", entitled "60% (Reprise)".


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  • reprise — [ r(ə)priz ] n. f. • v. 1213; de reprendre I ♦ Action de reprendre (I); son résultat. 1 ♦ Action de prendre ce qu on avait laissé, donné. « ce héros obscur qui avait assisté à deux cents prises et reprises de villes » (Goncourt). Reprise d une… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • reprise — Reprise. s. f. Continuation de ce qui a esté interrompu. Le mur a esté fait à plusieurs reprises. ce Poëme, ce livre a esté imprimé à plusieurs reprises. On dit aussi en ce sens, Une reprise de procés. assigner en reprises. Reprise, signifie… …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie française

  • Reprise — Sf Wiederaufnahme per. Wortschatz fach. (17. Jh.) Entlehnung. Entlehnt aus frz. reprise, dem substantivierten Partizip von frz. reprendre wiederaufnehmen . Dieses aus l. reprehendere (Repressalie).    Ebenso nndl. reprise, ne. reprise, nschw.… …   Etymologisches Wörterbuch der deutschen sprache

  • Reprise — (franz. Wiederaufnahme) steht für: die Wiederholung eines Satzteiles innerhalb einer musikalischen Komposition sowie das Wiederholungszeichen, siehe Reprise (Musik) die ganze oder teilweise Wiederholung einer Musiknummer im Musical, siehe Reprise …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • reprise — [ri prīz′; ] for n.2 & vt., usually [ rə prēz′] n. [ME < OFr, fem. of repris, pp. of reprendre, to take back < L reprehendere: see REPREHEND] 1. Eng. Law a deduction and payment, as for an annuity, out of income from lands usually used in… …   English World dictionary

  • Reprise — Re*prise (r? pr?z ), n. [F. reprise, fr. reprendre, repris, to take back, L. reprehendere. See {Reprehend}.] [1913 Webster] 1. A taking by way of retaliation. [Obs.] Dryden. [1913 Webster] 2. pl. (Law) Deductions and duties paid yearly out of a… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • reprise — (n.) early 15c., yearly deduction from charges upon a manor or estate, from O.Fr. reprise act of taking back, fem. of repris, pp. of reprendre take back, from L. reprendere (see REPRISAL (Cf. reprisal)). Meaning resumption of an action is from… …   Etymology dictionary

  • reprise — s. f. 1.  [Brasil] Ato ou efeito de reprisar. 2.  [Brasil] [Cinema, Teatro, Televisão] Repetição de espetáculo, filme, programa televisual ou radiofônico. = REPOSIÇÃO   ‣ Etimologia: francês reprise …   Dicionário da Língua Portuguesa

  • reprise — (del francés; pronunciamos reprís ) sustantivo masculino 1. (no contable) Área: mecánica Capacidad de un vehículo para pasar rápidamente de un régimen bajo de revoluciones del motor a otro superior: un coche con gran reprise. Sinónimo:… …   Diccionario Salamanca de la Lengua Española

  • Reprise — Re*prise , v. t. [Written also reprize.] 1. To take again; to retake. [Obs.] Spenser. [1913 Webster] 2. To recompense; to pay. [Obs.] [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Reprise — (fr., spr. Reprihs), 1) Wieder , Zurücknehmung; 2) ein von dem Feinde genommenes Schiff, welches von ihm wieder abgenommen wird; 3) in Rechnungen ein Abzug durch Rückstände; 4) Wiederholung; 5) (Musik), so v.w. Wiederholungszeichen …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon