Algerian Hedgehog


Algerian Hedgehog

Taxobox
name = Algerian HedgehogMSW3 Hutterer | pages = 212-213]


status = LR/lc
status_system = iucn2.3
status_ref = IUCN2007 | assessors = Insectivore Specialist Group | year = 1996 | title = Atelerix algirus | id = 27926 | downloaded = 2007-10-27]
regnum = Animalia
phylum = Chordata
classis = Mammalia
ordo = Erinaceomorpha
familia = Erinaceidae
genus = "Atelerix"
species = "A. algirus"
binomial = "Atelerix algirus"
binomial_authority = (Lereboullet, 1842)
synonyms =

The Algerian Hedgehog or North African Hedgehog ("Atelerix algirus") is a species of mammal in the Erinaceidae family. It is found in Algeria, France, Libya, Malta, Morocco, Spain, and Tunisia. Little is known about this species of hedgehog, even though the most common breed of domesticated hedgehogs is a result of crossing a Four-toed Hedgehog with an Algerian Hedgehog. [Wikipedia.org. Domesticated Hedgehog 12 October 2007. Retrieved 17 October 2007.] Because this species of hedgehog is native to Africa, it has been suggested that it was introduced by humans to the other countries where it is now found, including France and Spain (including the Canary Islands). Of the four African species of hedgehogs, the Algerian Hedgehog is the only one of these hedgehogs that can be found outside the continent of Africa. [cite book | author = IUCN | year = 1995 | title = Eurasian Insectivores and Tree Shrews - Status Survey and Conservation Action Plan | url = http://members.vienna.at/shrew/itsesAP95-erinaceidae.html Sub-family Erinaceinae | editor = Compiled by Stone, R. David, IUCN/SSC Insectivore, Tree Shrew and Elephant Shrew Specialist Group | publisher = IUCN | location = Gland, Switzerland | pages = vii + 164 pp | id = ISBN 2-8317-0062-0] Because the Algerian Hedgehog has such a wide habitat range and has a seemingly stable population, both in the wild and in the domesticated capacity, it does not appear to be at risk at this time.

Physical description

The Algerian Hedgehog closely resembles the West European Hedgehog, however, there are several distinct differences between the two species. The Algerian Hedgehog tends to be smaller than its European counterpart, measuring anywhere from 200 to 250mm long. However, it is larger than the other African species of hedgehogs and has a longer snout and longer legs, making it a faster runner. Its face is light in color, usually appearing to be white, and the legs and head are brown. The underbelly of this animal can vary in color, and is often either brown or white in color. The ears on the Algerian Hedgehog are highly visible on the head of the animal and are large in size. The body is covered in soft spines that are primarily white with darker banding.cite book | author = Matthew M. Vriends | year = 2000 | url = http://books.google.com/books?id=TpICfb8erlwC&pg=PT80&lpg=PT80&dq=algerian+hedgehog&source=web&ots=Aqt9wqF7_c&sig=ppCNbs-Zn0CriNfx01gTIGFHQeY#PPT80,M1 | title = Hedgehogs | publisher = Barron's Educational Series | id = ISBN 0764113259 | pages = 64 pages] The Algerian Hedgehog is most distinguishable from physically similar relatives by the lack of spines on the crown of the head, meaning a lack of the widow's peak. [cite web | author = Nick Lloyd | year = 2007 | url = http://www.iberianature.com/material/Algerian_hedgehog.htm | title = Alberian hedgehog | work = IberiaNature | downloaded = 2007-10-26]

Habitat

Very little is actually known about the preferred habitat of the Algerian Hedgehog. It has been found in Mediterranean conifer and mixed forest climates as are present in southern mountainous regions of Spain and northern Africa. [cite book | author = World Wildlife Fund (Content Partner); Mark McGinley (Topic Editor) | date = 2007-03-12 | chapter = Mediterranean conifer and mixed forests | title = Encyclopedia of Earth | editor = Eds. Cutler J. Cleveland | location = Washington, D.C. | publisher = Environmental Information Coalition, National Council for Science and the Environment | downloaded = 2007-10-13 | url = http://www.eoearth.org/article/Mediterranean_conifer_and_mixed_forests] In northern Africa, it can be found from Morocco to Libya, but is not able to survive in dry desert regions around this area. It can be found in other warmer regions as well, including parts of France, the Canary Islands, and the Balearics. Within these regions, it can often be spotted in garden and park areas.

Reproduction

The gestation period for this species of hedgehog ranges from 30 to 40 days and the litter size can vary between 3 to 10 hoglets. This species often produces two litters in a season. The hoglets generally weigh between 12 to 20 grams each. The season for reproduction in the Algerian hedgehog is from October to March. It reaches sexually maturity at about eight to ten weeks of age, and does not mate for life. That is, this hedgehog does not participate in pair bonding. [cite web | author = Animal World | year = 2007 | url = http://animal-world.com/encyclo/critters/hedgehog/hedgehog.php | title = African hedgehog | work = African Pygmy Hedgehog | downloaded = 2007-10-28]

ee also

* [http://zipcodezoo.com/Animals/A/Atelerix_algirus.asp Scientific naming information]
* [http://www.iberianature.com/material/Algerian_hedgehog.htm Image and more information]

References


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Algerian hedgehog — alžyrinis ežys statusas T sritis zoologija | vardynas taksono rangas rūšis atitikmenys: lot. Erinaceus algirus angl. Algerian hedgehog; vagrant hedgehog vok. Mittelmeer Igel; Wanderigel; weißer Igel rus. алжирский ёж pranc. hérisson d’Algérie… …   Žinduolių pavadinimų žodynas

  • Domesticated hedgehog — The most common species of domesticated hedgehog is the African Pygmy hedgehog, a hybrid of the White bellied or Four toed Hedgehog (Atelerix albiventris) and the Algerian Hedgehog (A. algirus). It is smaller than the European Hedgehog, and thus… …   Wikipedia

  • North African hedgehog — North African Hedgehog[1] A North African Hedgehog in the Balearic Islands Conservation status …   Wikipedia

  • vagrant hedgehog — alžyrinis ežys statusas T sritis zoologija | vardynas taksono rangas rūšis atitikmenys: lot. Erinaceus algirus angl. Algerian hedgehog; vagrant hedgehog vok. Mittelmeer Igel; Wanderigel; weißer Igel rus. алжирский ёж pranc. hérisson d’Algérie… …   Žinduolių pavadinimų žodynas

  • Atelerix — Taxobox name = Atelerix regnum = Animalia phylum = Chordata classis = Mammalia ordo = Erinaceomorpha familia = Erinaceidae genus = Atelerix Atelerix is a genus of mammal in the Erinaceidae family. It contains the following species: * Algerian… …   Wikipedia

  • Erinaceus algirus — alžyrinis ežys statusas T sritis zoologija | vardynas taksono rangas rūšis atitikmenys: lot. Erinaceus algirus angl. Algerian hedgehog; vagrant hedgehog vok. Mittelmeer Igel; Wanderigel; weißer Igel rus. алжирский ёж pranc. hérisson d’Algérie… …   Žinduolių pavadinimų žodynas

  • Mittelmeer-Igel — alžyrinis ežys statusas T sritis zoologija | vardynas taksono rangas rūšis atitikmenys: lot. Erinaceus algirus angl. Algerian hedgehog; vagrant hedgehog vok. Mittelmeer Igel; Wanderigel; weißer Igel rus. алжирский ёж pranc. hérisson d’Algérie… …   Žinduolių pavadinimų žodynas

  • Wanderigel — alžyrinis ežys statusas T sritis zoologija | vardynas taksono rangas rūšis atitikmenys: lot. Erinaceus algirus angl. Algerian hedgehog; vagrant hedgehog vok. Mittelmeer Igel; Wanderigel; weißer Igel rus. алжирский ёж pranc. hérisson d’Algérie… …   Žinduolių pavadinimų žodynas

  • alžyrinis ežys — statusas T sritis zoologija | vardynas taksono rangas rūšis atitikmenys: lot. Erinaceus algirus angl. Algerian hedgehog; vagrant hedgehog vok. Mittelmeer Igel; Wanderigel; weißer Igel rus. алжирский ёж pranc. hérisson d’Algérie ryšiai: platesnis… …   Žinduolių pavadinimų žodynas

  • hérisson d’Algérie — alžyrinis ežys statusas T sritis zoologija | vardynas taksono rangas rūšis atitikmenys: lot. Erinaceus algirus angl. Algerian hedgehog; vagrant hedgehog vok. Mittelmeer Igel; Wanderigel; weißer Igel rus. алжирский ёж pranc. hérisson d’Algérie… …   Žinduolių pavadinimų žodynas


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.