- Emigrant Gap
Infobox Mountain Pass
Name = Emigrant Gap
Photo = Emigrant_Gap_Memorial.jpg
Caption = State Landmark Tablet, Emigrant Gap
Elevation = ~5,200 ft. / 1,585 m
Range = Sierra Nevada
Coordinates = coord|39.303|N|120.666|W|type:pass
Traversed by =Interstate 80, former U.S. Route 40
Southern Pacific Railroad
Emigrant Gap is a gap in a ridge on the
California Trailas it crosses the Sierra Nevada, to the west of what is now known as Donner Pass. Here the cliffs are so steep that, back in the 1840s, the pioneers on their way to California had to lower their wagons on ropes in order to continue.
The Emigrant Gap was so named because it was a low gap on a ridge where the emigrants' wagons crossed from the American River drainage to the Bear River drainage. It was part of the Truckee Route, a portion of the
California Trailby which pioneers, heading west, emigrated from the United Statesto California, which was part of Mexicountil it was captured by the United States in the Mexican-American War(1846-1848).
There is a California historical marker (number 403) on Interstate 80 commemorating this brave and arduous task. Dedicated on 25 June 1950, it reads:
:"The spring of 1845 saw the first covered wagons surmount the Sierra Nevada Mountains. They left this valley, ascended to the ridge, and turned westward to old Emigrant Gap. The wagons were lowered by ropes to the floor of Bear Valley. Hundreds followed before, during, and after the gold rush. This was a hazardous portion of the overland emigrant trail." [http://ceres.ca.gov/geo_area/counties/Placer/landmarks.html]
Emigrant Gap is located near the town of Emigrant Gap, California.
Donner Partywas not the first emigrant party to cross Emigrant Gap; the Stephens-Townsend-Murphy Partycrossed the Sierra in 1844-45.
* cite book
title=The California Trail: An Epic with Many Heroes
publisher=University of Nebraska Press
* cite web
title= Recreational Activities: More Information About Big Bend
work=Tahoe National Forest
* cite video
title=Forgotten Journey: The Stephens-Townsend-Murphy Saga
people=Krizek, John (producer)
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
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