Emigrant Gap


Emigrant Gap

Infobox Mountain Pass
Name = Emigrant Gap
Photo = Emigrant_Gap_Memorial.jpg
Caption = State Landmark Tablet, Emigrant Gap
Elevation = ~5,200 ft. / 1,585 m
Location = California, USA
Range = Sierra Nevada
Coordinates = coord|39.303|N|120.666|W|type:pass
Topographic

Traversed by =Interstate 80, former U.S. Route 40
Southern Pacific Railroad

Emigrant Gap is a gap in a ridge on the California Trail as it crosses the Sierra Nevada, to the west of what is now known as Donner Pass. Here the cliffs are so steep that, back in the 1840s, the pioneers on their way to California had to lower their wagons on ropes in order to continue.

The Emigrant Gap was so named because it was a low gap on a ridge where the emigrants' wagons crossed from the American River drainage to the Bear River drainage. It was part of the Truckee Route, a portion of the California Trail by which pioneers, heading west, emigrated from the United States to California, which was part of Mexico until it was captured by the United States in the Mexican-American War (1846-1848).

There is a California historical marker (number 403) on Interstate 80 commemorating this brave and arduous task. Dedicated on 25 June 1950, it reads:

:"The spring of 1845 saw the first covered wagons surmount the Sierra Nevada Mountains. They left this valley, ascended to the ridge, and turned westward to old Emigrant Gap. The wagons were lowered by ropes to the floor of Bear Valley. Hundreds followed before, during, and after the gold rush. This was a hazardous portion of the overland emigrant trail." [http://ceres.ca.gov/geo_area/counties/Placer/landmarks.html]

Emigrant Gap is located near the town of Emigrant Gap, California.

The Donner Party was not the first emigrant party to cross Emigrant Gap; the Stephens-Townsend-Murphy Party crossed the Sierra in 1844-45.

References

* cite book
title=The California Trail: An Epic with Many Heroes
last=Stewart
first=George R.
year= 1983
publisher=University of Nebraska Press
isbn=0803291434
pages=339

* cite web
url=http://www.fs.fed.us/r5/tahoe/recreation/big_bend/bbvc-background.shtml
title= Recreational Activities: More Information About Big Bend
accessdate=2008-05-11
work=Tahoe National Forest

* cite video
title=Forgotten Journey: The Stephens-Townsend-Murphy Saga
people=Krizek, John (producer)
url=http://thecaliforniatrail.com/teachers_guide.asp
accessdate=2008-05-11
.


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