Albany, Georgia


Albany, Georgia

Infobox Settlement
official_name = City of Albany, Georgia
other_name =
native_name =
nickname = The Good Life City, The Artesian City
settlement_type = City
motto =


imagesize =
image_caption =


flag_size =
image_

seal_size =
image_shield =
shield_size =
image_blank_emblem =
blank_emblem_type =
blank_emblem_size =



mapsize = 250px
map_caption = Location in Dougherty County and the state of Georgia


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subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_name = United States
subdivision_type1 = State
subdivision_name1 = Georgia
subdivision_type2 = County
subdivision_name2 = Dougherty
subdivision_type3 =
subdivision_name3 =
subdivision_type4 =
subdivision_name4 =
government_footnotes =
government_type =
leader_title = Mayor
leader_name = Willie Adams, Jr. (D)
leader_title1 =
leader_name1 =
leader_title2 =
leader_name2 =
leader_title3 =
leader_name3 =
leader_title4 =
leader_name4 =
established_title =
established_date =
established_title2 =
established_date2 =
established_title3 = Incorporated (city)
established_date3 = December 27, 1838
area_magnitude = 1 E8
unit_pref = Imperial
area_footnotes =
area_total_km2 = 44.7
area_land_km2 = 144.8
area_water_km2 = 0.9
area_total_sq_mi = 55.9
area_land_sq_mi = 55.5
area_water_sq_mi = 0.3
area_water_percent =
area_urban_km2 =
area_urban_sq_mi =
area_metro_km2 =
area_metro_sq_mi =
area_blank1_title =
area_blank1_km2 =
area_blank1_sq_mi =
population_as_of = 2000
population_footnotes =
population_note = 2007 metro pop. est. [cite web | url = http://www.census.gov/population/www/estimates/metro_general/2007/CBSA-EST2007-01.csv | title = Annual Estimates of the Population of Metropolitan and Micropolitan Statistical Areas: April 1, 2000 to July 1, 2007 (CBSA-EST2007-01) | format = CSV | work = 2007 Population Estimates | publisher = United States Census Bureau, Population Division | date = 2008-03-27 | accessdate = 2008-05-22]
population_total = 76939 (city proper)
population_density_km2 = 535.0
population_density_sq_mi = 1385.5
population_metro = 164069
population_density_metro_km2 =
population_density_metro_sq_mi =
population_urban =
population_density_urban_km2 =
population_density_urban_sq_mi =
population_blank1_title =
population_blank1 =
population_density_blank1_km2 =
population_density_blank1_sq_mi =
timezone = EST
utc_offset = -5
timezone_DST = EDT
utc_offset_DST = -4
latd = 31 |latm = 34 |lats = 56 |latNS = N
longd = 84 |longm = 9 |longs = 56 |longEW = W
elevation_footnotes =
elevation_m = 62
elevation_ft = 203
postal_code_type =
postal_code =
area_code = 229
blank_name = FIPS code
blank_info = 13-01052GR|2
blank1_name = GNIS feature ID
blank1_info = 0310424GR|3
website = [http://www.albany.ga.us Albany, Georgia]
footnotes =

area_note =
latitude = 31°34'56" N
longitude = 84°9' 56"W

Albany is a city in and the county seat of Dougherty County, Georgia, United States, in the southwestern part of the state.GR|6 It is the principal city of the Albany, Georgia metropolitan area.

Geography

Albany is located at (31.582273, -84.165557)GR|1.

The total area is 0.59% water. Albany lies in a belt of rich farmland in the East Gulf coastal plain on the banks of the Flint River.

Demographics

MSA

According to the United States Census Bureau, the Albany, Georgia Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA) had an estimated population of 164,069 and ranked #234 in the U.S. in 2007 [ [http://www.census.gov/population/www/estimates/metro_general/2007/CBSA-EST2007-07.csv U.S. Metropolitan Areas by Population and Growth] , U.S. Census Bureau, 2007. Retrieved 22 May 2008.] . The MSA consisists of Dougherty, Terrell, Lee, Mitchell, Worth, and Baker Counties.

City

As of the censusGR|2 of 2000, there were 76,939 people, 28,620 households, and 18,889 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,385.5 people per square mile (535.0/km²).There were 32,062 housing units at an average density of 577.3/sq mi (222.9/km²).

The racial makeup of the city was 64.80% African American, 33.21% White, 0.21% Native American, 0.60% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.45% from other races, and 0.71% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.23% of the population.

There were 28,620 households out of which 32.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 36.6% were married couples living together, 25.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.0% were non-families. 28.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.54 and the average family size was 3.14.

In the city the population was spread out with 27.8% under the age of 18, 13.0% from 18 to 24, 27.7% from 25 to 44, 19.6% from 45 to 64, and 11.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 31 years. For every 100 females there were 85.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 79.8 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $28,639, and the median income for a family was $33,843. Males had a median income of $30,204 versus $22,268 for females. The per capita income for the city was $15,485. About 21.5% of families and 27.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 37.7% of those under age 18 and 18.9% of those age 65 or over.

History

The area where Albany is located was formerly inhabited by the Creek Indians. They called it "Thronateeska" after the flint found near the river. The Creeks used this stone to make arrowheads and other tools.

Connecticut businessman Nelson Tift settled along the Flint River in October, 1836 and named the new town Albany, after New York's state capital because they both sit at the navigable head of a river.

Some historians have cited that Albany was not founded by Nelson Tift, but was founded by a group of Quakers who settled along the banks of the Flint River-having exhausted the navigatable waters of the river. These Quakers named their new found settlement "Albany" because it was the same distance up the Hudson River to Albany, New York, as it was up the Flint River to their new settlement. The historical accounts of the day are that Nelson Tift actually purchased the land from the Quakers on account of the fact that the Quakers were forced to return to New York having encountered a hostile climate and Native American populuation; and, as a consequence, Nelson Tift did not actually found Albany, Georgia. Fact|date=July 2008

The city was laid out by Alexander Shotwell in 1836. The city was incorporated by an act of the General Assembly of Georgia on December 27, 1838 [http://www.albany.ga.us/city_commission/cc_index.htm] .

Surrounded by a prosperous farming region which produced large amounts of cotton, Albany was in a prime location for transportation of cotton by steamboats on the river, over which Tift had Horace King, a former slave, build a toll bridge in 1858. Albany later became a railroad hub and there is an exhibit on trains at the Thronateeska Heritage Center, which is located at the old railroad station.

In 1841 the Flint river flooded the city.

On April 11, 1906, the Carnegie Library opened downtown. It functioned as a library until 1985. In 1992 it reopened as the headquarters of the Albany Area Arts Council.

In 1911 the first airmail flight in the U.S. was inaugurated and the first airmail stamp was struck, both in Albany.

In 1912 the U.S. Postoffice and Courthouse building opened downtown.

In 1925 the Flint river again flooded the city.

In 1937 Chehaw park was established as a part of a New Deal program.

On February 10, 1940, a severe tornado killed eighteen people and caused wide scale damage.

In the summer of 1940 a Major Peacock approached the Albany Chamber of Commerce about the possibility of locating an Army Air Corp training base in Albany. Construction under the Army Corp of Engineers began March 25, 1941. The field was temporarily deactivated between August 15, 1946 and September 1, 1947 but then reactivated to support the Cold War, with the US Air Force stationing B-52 units and support units there. A number of other missions were hosted at Turner Air Force Base [cite web
url=http://www.strategic-air-command.com/bases/Turner_AFB.htm
title=Turner AFB
accessdate=2006-05-11
] as the base was renamed. Among them were the 1370th Photomapping Group [cite web
url=http://www.1370th.com/index.htm
title=1370th Photomapping and Charting Group
accessdate=2006-05-11
] , and refueling and maintenance functions. The base was transferred to control of the US Navy in 1967 and was deactivated in 1974. In 1979 the Miller Brewing Company purchased part of the property to build a new brewing plant. [cite web
url=http://www.turnerfield-miller.com
title=History of Turner Field Albany Georgia
accessdate=2006-05-11
]

In 1951 the Marine Corps established a large base on the eastern outskirts of the city.

In 1960 the population reached 50,000.

During the early 1960s, Albany played a prominent role in the Civil Rights Movement ("see" Albany Movement).

In 1994 there was another severe flood, caused by Tropical Storm Alberto, killing 14 people and displacing 22,000.

In 1998 the Flint river crested at 35 feet, once again flooding parts of Albany.

Albany in "The Souls of Black Folk"

In W.E.B. Du Bois' "The Souls of Black Folk" (1903), Albany was featured in several chapters as a typical African American rural town in the South. In the book, Du Bois discussed the culture, agribusiness, and economy of the region. Du Bois described Albany as a small town where local sharecroppers lived. Much of the soil had been depleted of nutrients because of intense cotton cultivation. Once a bustling community full of cotton gins and toiling slaves, the place had declined steadily in the late 1800s as the Civil War and Emancipation Proclamation drastically altered the demographics and economy of Albany. Du Bois wrote that Dougherty County had many decaying one-room slave cabins and unfenced land. Despite the problems, local folklore, customs, and the culture made Albany a unique town in the South.

Government

Elected officials include a mayor and six city commissioners, all of whom serve four-year terms. The commissioners represent the wards from which they are elected. There is also an appointed city manager who acts as the chief administrative officer. The city has been governed by a city commission and city manager since January 14, 1924. [http://www.albany.ga.us/city_commission/cc_index.htm] .

Economy

Although Albany has expanded considerably in the past few decades, it is still able to retain the population and environment of a Southern town. Today, although the city is still surrounded by pecan groves, pine trees, farms and plantations, almost none of the population is employed in agriculture.

Health care, education and the Marine Corps Logistics Base Albany are the largest employers. Manufacturing, transportation, and retail trade are also important foundations of Albany's economy and the city acts as a hub for commerce in southwest Georgia.

Top ten employers in Dougherty County

"(excludes City of Albany, Dougherty County, and Marine Corps Logistics Base Albany)"
* Phoebe Putney Health Systems
* Procter & Gamble
* Cooper Tire & Rubber Company
* Albany State University
* Miller Brewing Company
* Teleperformance USA
* Coats and Clark, Inc.
* Palmyra Medical Centers
* BellSouth Telecommunications
* United Parcel Service

Other notable companies

*Georgia Pacific Corp.
*MARS Snackfood US
*Mediacom
*Thrush Aircraft

Transportation

Southwest Georgia Regional Airport (ABY) is serviced by Atlantic Southeast Airlines, a regional carrier for Delta and by DayJet. Both UPS and DHL use the airport as a sorting facility.

Freight rail service is provided by Georgia Southwestern Railroad and Norfolk Southern Railway.

Greyhound Lines offers intercity transportation to locations throughout the U.S., Canada, and Mexico

Albany Transit System, operated by the city from 1974, provides fixed-route and paratransit services in Albany and Dougherty county, including service to the airport. The main transfer station is downtown.

Albany is located on Georgia State Route 300 (Georgia-Florida Parkway).

Education

The Dougherty County School System and several private schools provide primary and secondary education. Private schools include Far Horizons Montessori School, Deerfield-Windsor School, Sherwood Christian Academy, Byne Memorial Baptist School, St. Theresa's Catholic School and Life Christian School.

Albany is home to the historically black Albany State University (ASU) and Darton College. Both are part of the University System of Georgia.

Albany Technical College [http://www.albanytech.edu] provides tertiary occupational education.

Health care

Albany is the home of a not-for-profit regional health system with a 26 county cachement area with Phoebe Putney Memorial Hospital [http://www.phoebeputney.com] at its hub. Palmyra Medical Centers [http://www.palmyramedicalcenters.com/] is a for-profit hospital.

ports

Local attractions

Museums and the arts

* Albany Area Arts Council [http://www.albanyartscouncil.org/]
* Albany Ballet Theater
* The Albany Chorale [http://albanychorale.org/]
* Albany Civic Center
* The Albany Concert Association [http://albanyconcert.org/]
* Albany Civil Rights Movement Museum [http://www.albanycivilrightsinstitute.org/]
* Albany Municipal Auditorium
* Albany Museum of Art [http://www.albanymuseum.com/]
* The Albany Symphony Orchestra [http://www.albanysymphony.org/]
* Flint RiverQuarium [http://www.flintriverquarium.com/Riverquarium.aspx]
* The Parks at Chehaw [http://www.parksatchehaw.org/] - one of two accredited zoos in Georgia
* RiverQuarium Imagination Theater (Iwerks 8/70 3D large format) [http://www.flintriverquarium.com/ImaginationTheater.aspx]
* Theatre Albany [http://www.theatrealbany.com/]
* Thronateeska Heritage Center [http://www.heritagecenter.org/]
* Weatherbee Planetarium [http://www.heritagecenter.org/planetarium.html]
* Georgia Artists Guild of Albany [http://www.geocities.com/georgiaartistsguildofalbany]

Parks and monuments

* Albany Civil Rights Memorial
* Albany Railroad Depot Historic District
* Astronauts Memorial
* Confederate Memorial Park
* Freedom Flame
* Freedom Walk
* The Guardian
* Hillsman Park
* Radium Springs - one of the Seven Natural Wonders of Georgia
* RiverFront Park
* Ray Charles Plaza
* Royal Air Force Memorial
* Tift Park
* Veterans Park

Registered historic places

* Albany District Pecan Growers' Exchange
* Albany Housefurnishing Company
* Albany Municipal Auditorium [http://www.albanysymphony.org/munic.html] [http://www.city-data.com/picfilesc/picc2352.php]
* Albany Railroad Depot Historic District
* Bridge House (Albany, Georgia) [http://www.downtownalbany.info/PHOTOS/BridgeHouse.jpg]
* Carnegie Library of Albany
* Davis-Exchange Bank Building
* John A. Davis House
* Lustron House at 1200 Fifth Avenue
* Lustron House at 711 Ninth Avenue
* Mount Zion Baptist Church [http://www1.surfsouth.com/~mtzion/]
* New Albany Hotel [http://www.city-data.com/picfilesc/picc15585.php]
* Old St. Teresa's Catholic Church
* Rosenberg Brothers Department Store
* Samuel Farkas House
* St. Nicholas Hotel
* Tift Park
* U.S. Post Office and Courthouse [http://w3.gsa.gov/web/p/interaia_save.nsf/1fd3e688294c3a74852563d3004975f4/53ecda1746d76afc852565d900539edf?OpenDocument]
* Union Depot (Albany, Georgia)
* W. E. Smith House

Notable Albanians

* Seattle Seahawks football player Deion Branch
* Nellie Brimberry became the first Postmistress of a major U.S. Post Office in 1910
* Bill Stanfill, starting defensive end on Miami's back-to-back Super Bowl champs in the early 1970s, resides and practices real estate in Albany
* Pianist, songwriter and soul singer Ray Charles was born in Albany on September 23, 1930 as "Ray Charles Robinson"
* Olympic gold medal jumper Alice Coachman was born in Albany November 9, 1923
* Darion Crawford ("Smoke") from the hip-hop band Field Mob
* U.S. Representative from Illinois William L. Dawson was from Albany
* Paula Deen, chef and host of "Paula's Home Cooking" on the Television Food Network
* Jim Fowler, animal expert and host of the television show, Mutual of Omaha's Wild Kingdom
* Edward "Skip" Gnehm, United States ambassador to Jordan, Australia and Kuwait lived in Albany
* Astronaut Thomas J. Hennen was born in Albany
* Mary Hood, award-winning author of "How Far She Went", "And Venus Is Blue" and "Familiar Heat", lived here during high school
* Big Band leader and jazz trumpeteer Harry James was born in Albany on March 5, 1916
* Shawn Johnson ("Shawn J") of the hip-hop band Field Mob
* Architect Edward Vason Jones
* Hamilton Jordan, former White House Chief of Staff, was raised in Albany
* Baseball player Ray Knight, also managed the Cincinnati Reds
* Golfer Nancy Lopez lives in Albany and is married to Ray Knight
* Amelia Marshall, soap opera actress, was born in Albany
* Russell Malone, Jazz guitar virtuoso, was born and raised in Albany
* Jo Marie Payton-Noble, Played Harriet Winslow on the US television show "Family Matters"
* Science fiction writer Paul Preuss was born in Albany
* Merritt Ranew, Milwaukee Braves baseball player
* Travis Richter, guitarist for the post hardcore band From First to Last
* Conductor and composer Wallingford Riegger was born in Albany on April 29, 1885
* U.S. Representative from Illinois Bobby Rush was born in Albany
* Ray Stevens, country music singer
* Angelo Taylor, Olympic gold medal hurdler
* Mark Taylor, Former Lieutenant Governor of Georgia
* Dontonio Wingfield, former NBA basketball player
* Montavious Stanley, NFL player, Atlanta Falcons
* Daryl Smith, NFL player, Jacksonville Jaguars
* Alexander Johnson, NBA player, Miami Heat
* Bobby Dews, former Atlanta Braves bullpen and 3rd base coach, and his wife Glenda resided in Albany
* Lee James, Olympic silver medalist in light heavyweight weightlifting in 1976, attended Westover High School in Albany
* With Blood Comes Cleansing, Christian deathcore band based out of Albany

Local media

Newspapers

* "The Albany Herald" [http://www.albanyherald.com]
* "The Albany Southwest Georgian" historically Black Newspaper founded by A.C. Searles
* "The Albany Journal" Published since 1939

Television stations

* Channel 10 WALB (NBC) [http://www.walb.com/]
* Channel 14 WABW (PBS-GPB) (Pelham, Georgia) [http://www.gpb.org/]
* Channel 24 WBSK (CW) Cable Only
* Channel 31 WFXL (FOX) [http://www.wfxl.com/]
* Channel 44 WSWG (CBS) [http://www.wswg.tv/]
* Channel 34 W34CZ (Trinity Broadcasting Network)

FM radio stations

* 88.5 W203AT (religious; translator for KEAR)
* 89.3 WBJY (religious)
* 90.3 WAEF (religious)
* 90.7 WWXC (religious, bluegrass)
* 91.7 WUNV (NPR - news, classical) [http://www.ontheradio.net/radiostations/wunvfm.aspx]
* 92.7 WASU (Albany State University - college, jazz, urban)
* 93.1 WSRD (religious, talk)
* 96.3 WJIZ (urban) [http://www.wjiz.com/]
* 97.3 WRAK "Magic 97.3" (adult contemporary) [http://www.realrock973.com/]
* 98.1 WMRZ "Kiss" (adult urban) [http://www.kissalbany.com/]
* 100.3 WOBB "B-100"(country) [http://www.b100wobb.com/]
* 101.7 WQVE "V101.7"(Urban AC) [http://www.wqveAlbany.com]
* 102.1 WNUQ "Q102" (Top 40) [http://www.wnuqalbany.com/]
* 102.5 W273AE (religious; translator for WYFK)
* 103.5 WJAD "Rock 103" (classic and mainstream rock) (Leesburg, Georgia) [http://www.rock103albany.com/]
* 104.5 WKAK "K-Country" (country) [http://www.kcountry104.com]
* 105.5 WZBN(Blues) "105.5 Southern Soul" [http://www.wqvealbany.com/]
* 106.1 KLOV(Christian Contemporary)
* 107.7 WEGC "Mix 107.7" (adult contemporary)

AM radio stations

* 960 WJYZ (gospel)
* 1250 WSRA (ESPN sports)
* 1450 WGPC (sports)
* 1590 WALG (news, talk)

Miscellaneous

* Albany, Texas was named in 1873 by county clerk William Cruger after his former home of Albany, Georgia. [http://www.rootsweb.com/~txshacke/albany.htm]
* The new U.S. federal courthouse in downtown Albany is dedicated to civil rights attorney C.B. King.
* Nicknames for Albany include:
** Artesian City
** Good Life City
** Pecan Capital of the World
** Quail Hunting Capital of the World
*In 1972 the manager of a local theater, Mr. Jenkins, was convicted of "distributing obscene material" for showing the film "Carnal Knowledge", in Jenkins v. Georgia.
*Some Albanians pronounce the name as allBENny with emphasis on the second syllable, while others pronounce it ALLbany with the emphasis on the first syllable.
*Albany is the only city in the entire nation that has had a Super Bowl MVP, a World Series MVP, and an Olympic Gold Medalist.

References

External links

* [http://w3.gsa.gov/web/p/interaia_save.nsf/0/53ecda1746d76afc852565d900539edf?OpenDocument Old U.S. Post Office and Courthouse]
* [http://www.georgiaencyclopedia.org/nge/Article.jsp?path=/CitiesCounties/Cities&id=h-2209 The New Georgia Encyclopedia]
* [http://www.inc.com/magazine/20040301/top25.html Inc. Magazine's Top 25 Small Cities for Doing Business in America]
* [http://www.albanyga.com/cvb/history.html History of Albany, Georgia]
* [http://www.albanytomorrow.com/ Albany Tomorrow]
* [http://www.crmvet.org/tim/timhis61.htm#1961albany Albany Movement] ~ Civil Rights Movement Veterans
* [http://network.albanyfriends.com/ AlbanyFriends.com] ~ Uniting ALL who have love for Albany, GA


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