Philippine Independence Medal


Philippine Independence Medal

Infobox Military Award
name=Philippine Independence Medal


caption=
awarded_by=the United States of America, Republic of the Philippines
type=Medal & Ribbon
eligibility=Military Personnel
for=Participation in the Philippine Campaign
campaign=Philippine Campaign, WWII
status=Awarding halted
description=This ribbon is rectangular consisting of yellow, blue, red, white, red, blue and yellow stripes in that order from left to right. The yellow color represents the light and wisdom of the personnel during the campaign; blue for nobility and integrity; red for bravery; and white for purity and sincerity to their oath of duty.
clasps=
established=1946
first_award=1945
last_award=1948
total=
posthumous=
recipients=
individual=
higher=Asiatic-Pacific Campaign Medal
same=
lower=Philippine Campaign Medal
related=


caption2=
The Philippine Independence Medal is a military decoration of the Republic of the Philippines which was created by order of the Philippine Army Headquarters on July 3, 1946. The Philippine Independence Medal was created to recognize those members of the military who had participated in multiple Philippine military operations during the years of the Second World War.

To be awarded the Philippine Independence Medal, a service member must have previously received both the Philippine Defense Medal and the Philippine Liberation Medal. The service member must also have served on active military duty in the Philippines after July 4, 1946. The award criteria effectively awarded the medal to anyone who had participated in both the initial resistance against Japanese invasion and also in the campaigns to liberate the Philippines from Japanese occupation in 1945. A famous recipient was General of the Army Douglas MacArthur.

The Philippine Independence Medal was originally awarded as a ribbon, and it was not until 1968 that a full sized medal was authorized by President Ferdinand Marcos. The Philippine Independence Medal was also authorized for award to foreign militaries, with a number of retroactive awards presented between 1945 and 1948.


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