- 1852 in Ireland
January 5The troopship "Birkenhead" boarded British Armyrecruits at Queenstown. It had insufficient lifeboats.
February 26The "Birkenhead" foundered. The soldiers stood to attention while women and children were placed in the lifeboats.
Craigmore Viaductnear Newry, on the Dublin-Belfast railway lineis opened (construction began in 1849).
Arts and literature
January to June
25 January- Nevill Coghill, posthumous recipient of the Victoria Crossfor gallantry at the Battle of Isandhlwana, South Africa(d.1879).
28 January- Louis Brennan, inventor (d.1932).
2 February- Lawrence E. McGann, Democrat U.S. Representative from Illinois(d.1928).
24 February- George Moore, novelist, poet, art critic and dramatist (d.1933).
29 February- Frank Gavan Duffy, fourth Chief Justiceof the High Court of Australia(d.1936).
15 March- Augusta, Lady Gregory, dramatist and folklorist (d.1932).
17 March- Patrick Augustine Sheehan, priest, author and political activist (d.1913).
27 March- Jim Connell, political activist, writer of "The Red Flag" (d.1929).
July to December
28 July- Barton McGuckin, tenor singer (d.1913).
30 September- Charles Villiers Stanford, composer (d.1924).
2 October- William O'Brien, nationalist, journalist, agrarian agitator, social revolutionary, politician, party leader, newspaper publisher and author (d.1928).
25 February- Thomas Moore, poet, singer, songwriter and entertainer (b.1779).
25 April- Arthur O'Connor, United Irishmanand later generalin Napoleon's army (b.1763).
8 May- Charles Rowan, joint first Commissioner of Police of the Metropolis, head of the LondonMetropolitan Police (b. c1782).
14 September- Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington, soldier and statesman (b.1769).
Full date unknown
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