- Jerome Hines
The American bass Jerome A. Hines (
November 8, 1921– February 4, 2003) was a well-known basso operasinger who was associated with the Metropolitan Operafor many years. His height (6ft 6 inches, or 2m), stage presence and stentorian voice made him ideal for such roles as Sarastro in "The Magic Flute", Mephistopheles in " Faust", Ramfis in " Aida", the Grand Inquisitor in " Don Carlos", the title role of " Boris Godunov" and King Mark in " Tristan und Isolde".
Hines was born Jerome Albert Link Heinz in
Hollywood, California. He studied mathematics and chemistry at the University of California, while also taking vocal lessons. Hines made his operatic debut at the San Francisco Operain 1941, singing Monterone in "Rigoletto". He changed his surname to Hines at the suggestion of his manager Sol Hurokto avoid the anti-German feelings prevalent during World War Two. [http://www.southcoasttoday.com/daily/02-03/02-07-03/zzzddobi.htm#XINDEX13]
In 1946, Hines made his debut at the Met as the Sergeant in "
Boris Godunov". He went on to sing forty-one seasons there, longer than any other Met singer, encompassing forty-five roles in thirty-nine operas.
In 1953, Hines made his European debut with Glyndebourne as Nick Shadow at the
Edinburgh Festivalin the first British performances of Stravinsky's " The Rake's Progress". In 1958, he made his debut at La Scalain the title role of Handel's "Hercules". From 1958 to 1963, he sang at Bayreuth in the roles of Gurnemanz, King Mark and Wotan. In 1961, he first appeared at the San Carloin the title role of Boito's " Mefistofele". In 1962, he sang Boris Godunov at the Bolshoiin Moscow, famously for Soviet leader Nikita Khruschevon the eve of the resolution of the Cuban Missile crisis.
Hines turned to coaching later in his career, founding the Opera-Music Theatre Institute of
New Jerseyin 1987, but he continued performing virtually until the end of his life; his last stage performance was as Grand Inquisitor with the Boston Bel Canto Opera in 2001 at the age of 79.
born-again Christianand member of the Salvation Army, Hines composed an opera on the life of Jesus, "I Am the Way". He sang the role of Jesus at the Met in 1968 and performed the work many times around the world.
Hines wrote a memoir, "This is My Story, This is My Song" (1969) ISBN 0-8007-0313-8, and two books on singing, "The Four Voices of Man" (1997) ISBN 0-87910-099-0 and "Great Singers on Great Singing" (1982) ISBN 0-87910-025-7.
Hines died of undisclosed causes in 2003, at age 81 at a
Hines was married to the
sopranoLucia Evangelista from 1952 until her death from amyotrophic lateral sclerosisin 2000. They had four children, David, Andrew, John and Russell. For most of his life, he lived in Scotch Plains, New Jersey.
* [http://www.guardian.co.uk/usa/story/0,12271,895283,00.html Obituary] , Alan Blyth, "
* [http://www.redludwig.com/gracenotes/archive/022103.html Obituary] from RedLudwig.com
* [http://www.josephshore.com/Hines/interview.htm Interview with Joseph Shore]
* [http://www.metopera.org/history/week-961118.html Note of Hines' debut] with the
* [http://www.s-t.com/daily/02-03/02-07-03/zzzddobi.htm#XINDEX13 Obituary] , "
Los Angeles Times"
* [http://www.operadis-opera-discography.org.uk/CLSIHINE.HTM Discography of opera recordings] (Capon's Lists of Opera Recordings)
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